Summary Acts 18:23-28:
We pick up Paul again as he’s leaving Antioch to travel to Galatia and Phrygia to strengthen the disciples on what would become his third missionary journey. During this time a Jew named Apollos from Alexandria came to Ephesus. He had a vast knowledge of the Scriptures and had been instructed in the way of the Lord. He spoke with great fervor and taught about Jesus Christ accurately in the synagogues. Priscilla and Aquila heard him speak and invited him to their home where they explained God more adequately.
Apollos was encouraged by the brothers to spread the News to Achaia and he helped those who believed. He vigorously refuted the Jews in public debate, proving Jesus was the Christ using Scriptures.
BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 20, Day 2: Acts 18:23-28
3) Paul left Antioch and went throughout the regions of Galatia and Phrygia, strengthening the disciples there.
4) Part Personal Question. My answer: Apollos was a learned man with a thorough knowledge of the Scriptures. He had been instructed in the way of the Lord, and he spoke with great fervor and taught about Jesus accurately. He spoke boldly in the synagogue. He wanted to do more for the Lord, so he did, traveling to Achaia to defend Jesus. I love how he goes above and beyond for Jesus, traveling to far off places (which, at that time, was a big deal), defending Jesus. Great example for all of us.
5) Personal Question. My answer: Through the example of Priscilla and Aquila, we are all to help and support one another, including in the education of God, Jesus, and the Word.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 20, Day 2: Acts 18:23-28
I love how the Bible is full of Christians helping one another. This is something we all probably could be better at doing.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 20, Day 2: Acts 18:23-28
Paul’s Third Missionary Journey Begins
We don’t know exactly how much time Paul spent back at his home congregation in Syrian Antioch. Luke wrote the account to give the sense of an immediate move on to Paul’s next missionary journey.
Since Paul’s first focus on this trip was strengthening all the disciples, he went back to the churches already founded on previous missionary works. This would include congregations in Tarsus, Derbe, Lystra, Iconium, and Pisidian Antioch.
Paul had a passion for building disciples, not merely making converts.
Apollos in the Bible
It seems Apollos (like many in his day) was a missionary called by God alone, because we have no indication that he was sent or commissioned by any specific congregation or apostle. He simply came to Ephesus.
The reputation and work of John the Baptist was widely known throughout the Jews of the Roman Empire, reaching here as far as Alexandria.
Because Apollos knew of the work of John the Baptist, it is likely that he preached that the Messiah had come and we must repent and respond to Jesus, but he probably had little knowledge of the full person and work of Jesus Christ.
Priscilla and Aquila in the Bible
Paul met this couple that shared his profession of tentmaking in Corinth (Acts 18:3). They went with him from Corinth to Ephesus, and Paul left them there while he continued eastward to Caesarea, Jerusalem, and Antioch (Acts 18:18-22).
Aquila and Priscilla helped someone who had a passion for God.
With both instruction from Aquila and Priscilla and letters of reference from the church in Ephesus, Apollos served effectively in Achaia, especially among opposing Jews .
When Apollos went to the region of Achaia, it probably means he went to the city of Corinth in the region of Achaia. From what Paul wrote in 1 Corinthians, he apparently had a remarkable ministry there.
Though some Corinthians fixated on Apollos in a divisive spirit (1 Corinthians 1:12, 3:4), there is no reason to believe that Apollos himself encouraged this. Paul regarded Apollos as a trusted colleague (1 Corinthians 3:5-7 and 16:12).
Apollos was Jewish, eloquent and fervent in spirit (Acts 18:24-25), refuted the Jews, and knew Scripture. Thus, some scholars consider him a possible author of the book of Hebrews.