Summary of 1 Corinthians 15:12-34:
Some Corinthians did not believe in the resurrection of the dead which means their preaching is useless and faithless if so. They would be a false witness. Faith is futile and you are still in sin.
All die but Christ will make them alive again. First Christ then those who belong to him. End will come when Jesus has destroyed all dominion, authority, and power. He will reign until he destroys his enemy and death. God will be all in all when everything (except God) is under him and then the Son will be made subject to Him.
Paul says if there is no resurrection then everything is in vain. He dies every day. Don’t be misled by those ignorant of God.
BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 24, Day 3: 1 Corinthians 15:12-34
6) According to Paul, if Christ has not been raised then the following five things would be true.
Christian preaching is empty and so in anyone’s faith because the object of the faith, Christ, is not whom He said He was.
- The apostles are liars for testifying to a resurrection that did not occur.
- No forgiveness has been granted for anybody’s sin.
- Those who have died believing in Christ have no hope.
- If hope in Christ is limited to this life, Christians are to be pitied above all people.
There Is No Meaning For Humanity If Christ Is Not Risen
Without the resurrection, Christianity has no meaning for humanity – its founder would have been a liar and a failure, and its followers would have no hope. Thus the importance of the resurrection to Christian faith cannot be overestimated.
7) Personal Question. My answer: Jesus died for my sin and eternal life.
8 ) Personal Question. My answer: Relatives, strangers I encounter.
Conclusion BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 24, Day 3: 1 Corinthians 15:12-34
A hugely important passage in the Bible of Paul explaining why if Jesus didn’t rise from the dead, our faith would be meaningless.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 24, Day 3: 1 Corinthians 15:12-34:
The Corinthian Christians did not deny Jesus’ resurrection; they denied our resurrection. They were influenced either by Greek philosophy (which considered the resurrection undesirable, thinking the state of “pure spirit” superior), or by the thinking of the Sadducees (which thought the world beyond to be just wishful thinking). The bottom line is that the Corinthian Christians believed we lived forever, but not in resurrected bodies.
ii. Remember that resurrection is not merely life after death; it is the continuation of life after death in glorified bodies, which are our present bodies in a glorified state.
If there is no resurrection, then Jesus is not risen, and Paul and the other apostles have preached in vain and are liars. There is no real, resurrected Jesus whom they serve.
Faith is futile and you are still in sin.
Put another way:
- If there is no principle of resurrection, then Jesus did not rise from the dead.
- If Jesus did not rise from the dead, then death has power over Him and defeated Him.
- If death has power over Jesus, He is not God.
- If Jesus is not God, He cannot offer a complete sacrifice for sins.
- If Jesus cannot offer a complete sacrifice for sins, our sins are not completely paid for before God.
- If my sins are not completely paid for before God, then I am still in my sins.
- Therefore, if Jesus is not risen, He is unable to save.
Those who have already died are dead forever as well.
It is true that being a Christian solves many problems; but it also brings many others. Paul, (like the preacher in the book of Ecclesiastes) saw little ultimate value in life if there is only this life to live.
The divinity of Jesus rests on the resurrection of Jesus (Romans 1:4).
The sovereignty of Jesus rests on the resurrection of Jesus (Romans 14:9).
Our justification rests on the resurrection of Jesus (Romans 4:25).
Our regeneration rests on the resurrection of Jesus (1 Peter 1:3).
Our ultimate resurrection rests on the resurrection of Jesus (Romans 8:11).
Firstfruits is the ancient Greek word aparche. In the Septuagint, this word is used for the offering of firstfruits and in secular usage the word was used for an entrance fee.
Jesus was the firstfruits of our resurrection in both senses. In the Old Testament, the offering of firstfruits brought one sheaf of grain to represent and anticipate the rest of the harvest (Leviticus 23:9-14). The resurrection of Jesus represents our resurrection, because if we have been united together in the likeness of His death, certainly we also shall be in the likeness of His resurrection (Romans 6:5). The resurrection of Jesus also anticipates our resurrection, because we will be raised with a body like His. “As in the firstfruits offered to God, the Jews were assured of God’s blessing on the whole harvest; so by the resurrection of Christ, our resurrection is insured.” (Trapp)
The Feast of Firstfruits was observed on the day after the Sabbath following Passover (Leviticus 23:9-14). Significantly, Jesus rose from the dead on the exact day of the Feast of Firstfruits, the day after the Sabbath following the Passover.
The offering at the Feast of Firstfruits was a bloodless grain offering (Leviticus 2). No atoning sacrifice was necessary, because the Passover lamb had just been sacrificed. This corresponds perfectly with the resurrection of Jesus, because His death ended the need for sacrifice, having provided a perfect and complete atonement.
The resurrection of Jesus is also the firstfruits of our resurrection in the sense that He is our “entrance fee” to resurrection. Jesus paid our admission to the resurrection!
Paul communicates the same ideas found in Romans 5:12-21. Adam (by man) is one “head” of the human race, and all mankind was brought under death by Adam. The second Adam, Jesus Christ (by Man) is the other head of the human race, and Jesus brings resurrection to all that are “under” His headship.
In Ephesians 1:10, Paul reveals God’s eternal purpose in history: that in the dispensation of the fullness of the times He might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven and which are on earth – in Him. Paul wrote of the “gathering together” of all things in Jesus, or of the “summing up” of all things in Him. Here, in 1 Corinthians, he looks forward to the time when all things are resolved in Jesus Christ and He presents it all to God the Father, giving glory to the God who authored this eternal plan of the ages.
Paul refers to the one-thousand-year reign of Jesus described in Revelation 20:1-6. After that time, there will be a final, Satan inspired rebellion (Revelation 20:7-10), which Jesus will crush and finally and forever put all enemies under His feet.
The expression under His feet is an Old Testament “figure for total conquest.” (Mare)
Simply put, God the Father will always be God the Father, and God the Son will always be God the Son, and for all eternity they will continue to relate to each other as Father and Son.
What was being baptized for the dead? It is a mysterious passage, and there have been more than thirty different attempts to interpret it.
How can we die daily? Spurgeon gives seven steps to dying daily in a sermon titled Dying Daily.
- Every day carefully consider the certainty of death.
- By faith put your soul through the whole process of death.
- Hold this world with a loose hand.
- Every day seriously test your hope and experience.
- Come every day, just as you did at conversion, to the cross of Jesus, as a poor guilty sinner.
- Live in such a manner that you would not be ashamed to die at any moment.
- Have all your affairs in order so that you are ready to die.
The book of Acts does not record an occasion when Paul faced wild animals in an arena. It may simply be unrecorded, or Paul may mean “beasts” figuratively, in reference to his violent and wild human opponents (as he faced at Ephesus in Acts 19:21-41).
Paul’s third proof for the resurrection in this section is also compelling. If there is no resurrection, then there is no future judgment to consider.
By keeping evil company, the Corinthian Christians were being conformed to this world, and they needed to be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Christians must let the Word of God shape their thinking, not the evil company of this world.
This is not a quotation from the Old Testament, or even from the words of Jesus. Paul quotes from an ancient, secular comedy play, Thais, written by Menander. Though he was a pagan, Menander told the truth at this point, and Paul (more properly, the Holy Spirit) had no problem quoting a pagan who did tell the truth at a particular point.
For Christians to resist God’s process of transformation by the renewing of our minds is to neglect the knowledge of God. To remain willfully ignorant of the truth is sin.