Summary of passage: Jesus says he’ll give the disciples peace. He tells them to not be afraid or troubled. He is going away and if the disciples loved him, they would be glad for he is fulfilling the Father’s wishes.
12) The Bible tells us that Satan is a fallen angel, a real being who tempts us and tries to destroy us. We see this in the temptation of Jesus. We are told he rules the world until Jesus comes again, hence a prince. He was hurled to earth and tries to lead us all astray.
13) Personal Question. My answer: Jesus gives those who believe in him peace. Currently, I’m struggling with what God wants me to do in my life. Either quit my job and be a full-time mom or stay working and do everything else He calls me in this world. I know whatever I decide, it will be in His will and with His guidance. That gives me peace.
Conclusions: If only we could grasp the peace Jesus offers every moment of our lives. I know I struggle with peace and it only comes when I stay close to God and don’t stray or push him aside. Staying in the Word like a bible study helps me to maintain that closeness we all so desperately need.
End Notes: Jesus saying Peace be with you was and is a common Jewish departure saying and a common greeting as well. However, Jesus is clarifying this customary saying to say my peace, or Jesus’ peace is the peace of God, an untroubled heart. Hence, along with the Holy Spirit, Jesus is blessing his disciples with peace.
Jesus repeats 14:1. With faith, the Holy Spirit, and peace, you will be untroubled.
The disciples were troubled at the news of Jesus’ departure. Jesus says rejoice instead! His work through the Holy Spirit will be greater than His work during the years of His earthly ministry. For the sake of the world and yourselves, rejoice! We sense that Jesus is joyful in his soon reunion with God.
The Father is greater than Jesus in position but not in being. Both are equally God.
At this very moment, Jesus is arranging Jesus’ arrest–Satan is coming. Jesus goes to the cross willingly. Satan has no hold on him since he is sinless.
Now Jesus and his disciples are ending dinner and going to go the Garden at Gethesemane. They are still in the room because Jesus doesn’t actually leave until John 18:1. We can imagine Chapters 15-17 is Jesus speaking as the disciples gather round him in the room. As one probably knows when there is a gathering of a big group of people it takes a bit to get them moving.