Summary of passage: Moses described righteousness by the law in terms of works. But if you confess that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart God raised him from the dead you will be saved.
9) Paul concludes that righteousness is by faith in Jesus Christ as our Lord and Savior and works has nothing to do with it since the law under Moses is now obsolete with Jesus.
10) Confess that Jesus is their Lord and believe God raised him from the dead in their heart to cleanse us of our sins and justify us before God.
11) Personal Question. My answer: One must believe in their heart that Jesus is Lord in their life and believe he died, washing away our sins, and God raised him from the dead, granting all eternal salvation. You must also confess your belief. Faith is what matters. Nothing else does.
Conclusions: Romans is a lot of repetition. Here, Paul is quoting Moses from the Old Testament and repeating how faith in Christ is the key to salvation, not works. Remember this section here is not only to the Gentiles and the Romans but to the Jews as well. Paul is pulling from the Old Testament (what the Jewish people knew by heart) to substantiate his words of faith in Christ as the key to salvation.
End Notes: The law of Moses said you must do the law completely and perfectly in order to have righteousness by the law. The law of Jesus says we don’t have to do anything to achieve righteousness. Instead, we receive righteousness through faith in Jesus. We believe, we receive. We don’t have to ascend into heaven or descend into the deep to have it.
In Deuteronomy 30:14 that Paul quotes, the word is God’s word as found in the law. Paul applies this to the gospel of “the message concerning faith” or “the word of faith” and uses it to be how righteousness if gained by faith not deeds.
Confessing is recognizing and agreeing that Christ is Lord and Savior and that the cross is the only way to salvation.
In first century AD, calling someone “Lord” was taken much more seriously than in modern times because they truly did have lords in that day.
Barclay states: “If a man called Jesus kurios he was ranking him with the Emperor and with God; he was giving him the supreme place in his life; he was pledging him implicit obedience and reverent worship.”
Wuest, quoting Robertson on Jesus Christ is Lord: “No Jew would do this who had not really trusted Christ, for Kurios in the lxx is used of God. No Gentile would do it who had not ceased worshipping the emperor as Kurios. The word Kurios was and is the touchstone of faith.”
Fun Facts: This affirmation “Jesus is Lord” is the earliest Christian confession of faith (1 Corinthians 12:3) which served as the equivalent to the Jewish Sherma and was probably used at baptisms. “Lord” is used over 6000 times in the Septuagint (the pre-Christian Greek translation of the OT) to translate Israel’s God (Yahweh). It’s clear that Paul, when using this title for Jesus, is affirming that God of Israel was present in Jesus among his people.
Heart–In Biblical terms this is not only emotions and affections but also intellect and will.
Jesus rising from the dead is the crux of Christian doctrine. If this doesn’t happen, we don’t live nor are we alive now. This is the central thrust of apostolic preaching (Acts 2:14-40).
You will be saved probably includes final salvation at the end times as well.
You must confess AND believe that what God/Jesus did on the cross is what will save you and cleanse you and make you righteous and justified.
Spurgeon explains the kind of faith you need: “We believe everything which the Lord Jesus has taught, but we must go a step further, and trust him. It is not even enough to believe in him, as being the Son of God, and the anointed of the Lord; but we must believe on him . . . The faith that saves is not believing certain truths, nor even believing that Jesus is a Savior; but it is resting on him, depending on him, lying with all your weight on Christ as the foundation of your hope. Believe that he can save you; believe that he will save you; at any rate leave the whole matter of your salvation with him in unquestioning confidence. Depend upon him without fear as to your present and eternal salvation. This is the faith which saves the soul.”
We must confess, believe, trust, rely, rest, depend, and embrace God and Jesus. This is what God wants. God is all encompassing. God is everything.