Summary of passage: God orders His wrath poured out on the earth. The first bowl caused ugly and painful sores on those who worshipped the beast. The second bowl turned the sea into blood, killing every living creature in the sea. The third bowl judgment turned the rivers and springs into blood. The fourth bowl gave the sun power to scorch people. The fifth bowl judgment was against Satan and plunged Satan’s kingdom into darkness. The sixth bowl judgment was poured out on the Euphrates and dried it up. Spirits in the shape of frogs came from the beast, the dragon, and the false prophet sent to deceive man and gather them up for Armageddon.
9a) First Bowl (Exodus 9:8-11): This reflects the plagues in Exodus. This one is the plague of boils that God sent on Egyptians that broke out on their skin. Here, the first wrath caused ugly and painful sores on those who worshipped the beast.
Second Bowl (Exodus 7:14-25; Revelation 8:8-9): This is the plague of blood where Moses turned the Nile into blood, polluting the water, killing all the fish, and eliminating drinking water for the people. The second trumpet judgment had a third of the sea turn to blood, killing a third of the sea creatures and destroying a third of the ships. Here, the second bowl turned the sea into blood, killing every living creature in the sea.
Third Bowl (Revelation 8:10-11): In Revelation 8 the third trumpet turned the rivers and springs bitter, killing people who drank the water. Here, the third bowl judgment turned the rivers and springs into blood.
Fourth Bowl (Deuteronomy 28:22; 2 Peter 3:7): A predicted judgment by Moses says God will send scorching heat and drought which will kill them. Peter says fire will be reserved for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men. Here, the fourth bowl gave the sun power to scorch people and people still refused to repent and glorify God.
Fifth Bowl (Exodus 10:21-23): This echoes the plague of darkness God sent upon Egypt. No one could see anything except of the Israelites who had light. Here, the fifth bowl judgment was against Satan and plunged Satan’s kingdom into darkness.
Sixth Bowl (Exodus 8:1-15; 14:21-27): God sent the plague of frogs onto Egypt and dried up the Red Sea so Egypt could escape the pursuing Egyptians. Here, the sixth bowl judgment was poured out on the Euphrates and dried it up. We also see the beast, the dragon, and the false prophet in the form of frog’s spirits deceiving the people.
b) God has complete sovereignty and power over creation.
10a) Same. Pharaoh refuses to repent and even in the end chases the Israelites. The people here refuse to repent and they curse God as well.
b) Personal Question. My answer: No.
11) Personal Question. My answer: It creates a bit more urgency because the end is bad, VERY bad. And reading about it is heart-wrenching for unbelievers.
Conclusions: Interesting comparison with the plagues of Egypt. It’s as if God is preparing us throughout all of history for His final judgment. He gives us glimpses, previews into His final wrath, which unbelievers ignore and still ignore. God is so awesome to do so!
End Notes: The bowl judgments are the third woe from Revelation 11:14. They are punishments and chastisements with the purpose of bringing repentance from some. Scholars believe these to occur at the end of the Great Tribulation right before Jesus’s return. Some say these occur over the 3 1/2 year time period of the Great Tribulation.
This part of Revelation is hard for those who believe this is fulfilled history. Some suggest “earth” here is the Roman empire, or people, or the Catholic church. Most agree God means “earth” when He says “earth.
We saw a preview in Revelation 8 when God struck 1/3 of the earth. Here, the whole earth is struck; judgment is complete.
The sea might not necessarily become blood but become like blood–foul and sickening.
Some scholars say the second and third bowls also represent economic devastation and famine as our food sources and drinking water supplies end.
With no water to drink man cannot survive long. Jesus’s return is near!
LOVE verse 5! Those who shed the saints’ blood must now drink blood! God is awesome! It’s sad how they could have drunken Living Water. This is the only reason given for the bowl judgments–the killing of God’s people. However, sin is and will always be the cause of judgment. The angel here could be a different angel or the same from the third bowl.
The voice from the altar in verse 7 could either be the angel, the martyrs (Revelation 6:9), or the prayers of the saints (Revelation 8:3-5). The altar may also represent the cross.
The blessing of the sun and what gives life here on earth is now a curse. Malachi 4:1 calls it a day “burning like an oven.” The darkness aligns with Joel 2:30-31 which we studied in Lesson 11 day 4.
It’s sobering to see here how man doesn’t repent; how those who don’t have a heart for God never will. We need to keep this in mind when we evangelize. Our job is to impart knowledge. God’s is to turn hearts. It’s in His hands to convert, not ours.
This is a preview of hell as men gnaw their tongues in agony (Matthew 25:30).
The Euphrates River separated Rome from the East and was a natural barrier for invasion. In ancient times, it was much longer and wider than in modern times of dams. Kings from the east would be China, India, and Japan.
The ancient Israelites viewed frogs as repulsive and unclean. The Egyptians worshipped a frog goddess.
The false prophet is the second beast of Revelation 13.
The sixth bowl goes more into detail of the judgment. The drying up of the Euphrates River is how Cyrus conquered Babylon (Isaiah 11:15; 44:27-28; 50:2; 51:10). The kings coming from the east also has a couple prophetic references in Isaiah (Isaiah 41:2; 46:11).
The nations are coming together to battle God. How many battles will there be? Upon investigating, I found a myriad of answers. One was this: Revelation and the End Times:
- The battle of Gog, Magog and her allies come against Israel (Ezekiel 38 and 39).
- The battle of Armageddon, when the Antichrist leads the world system against a returning Jesus (Revelation 17:12-16, 17:14, 19:19).
- The final battle, when Satan and his allies, after the millennium, make war against God (Revelation 20:7-10)
Another has 9 (see explanation HERE) Another has 7 (See Explanation HERE) There are many other interpretations. This is just a sample to get your juices flowing and for your overall edification. For me, it doesn’t matter. All that matters is that I will know based off the signs God has given us in the Bible and I’ll be amongst the saved.
AND GOD WINS (the Great day of God Almighty)!