Acts 11 Gentile Church atozmomm

BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 7, Day 5: Acts 11:19-30

Summary Acts 11:19-30:

Those who had been scattered when Stephen died  traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus, and Antioch preaching to the Jews there.  However some men from Cyprus and Cyrene began to speak to the Greeks as well in Antioch about Jesus.  As a result, many Greeks believed.

Jerusalem sent Barnabas when they heard the news to help.  Then Barnabas traveled to Tarsus to bring Saul to Antioch to help preach the Good News.  For a whole year Saul and Barnabas preached the Good News, and it was here at Antioch that the term Christians was first coined.

More prophets arrived from Jerusalem.  One of them, Agabus, predicted a severe famine for the entire Roman world (which was most know places).  The disciples decided to help their brothers in Judea during this time.

BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 7, Day 5: Acts 11:19-30

12)  Antioch was the third-largest city in the Roman empire.  It sat at a crossroads between the Mediterranean and the eastern world.  It was a huge trading center and had a large Jewish and Greek population.  It was the first church with a large number of Gentile members and from here the first missionaries were sent out to spread the Gospel.

13) Personal Question. My answer: This blog. My work. Continue to pray for strength to continue as there are days where I am just tired.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 7, Day 5: Acts 11:19-30

Another great example of the church growing and God using people to grow the church.

BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 7, Day 5: Acts 11:19-30

The first mission to the Gentiles begins in Antioch.

Antioch was founded about 300 B.C. by Seleucus I, one of the inheritors of Alexander the Great’s empire. He named many cities after his father, Antioch, about fifteen in total. This city of Antioch was called “Syrian Antioch” or “Antioch on the Orontes.” In the first century, it was a city of more than half a million people; today it is a Turkish city with a population of about 3,500.

Antioch was about 300 miles (480 kilometers) north of Jerusalem and about 20 miles (32 kilometers) inland from the Mediterranean Sea. Many considered Syrian Antioch the third greatest city in the Roman Empire, behind Rome and Alexandria. Antioch was known for its business and commerce, for its sophistication and culture, but also for its immorality.

Map of Antioch and Tarsus atozmomm

“The city’s reputation for moral laxity was enhanced by the cult of Artemis and Apollo at Daphne, five miles distant, where the ancient Syrian worship of Astarte and her consort, with its ritual prostitution, was carried on.” (Bruce)

This is the plan for church growth spoken of in Ephesians 4:11-16. Leaders in the church dedicate themselves to building strong, healthy Christians. As the saints are equipped for the work of the ministry, they grow into maturity, and do their ministry, and it causes growth of the body.

Barnabas remembered the precious brother Saul, and how he was sent to Tarsus for his own protection (Acts 9:28-30). Now Barnabas went and found him.

Barnabas was probably exhausted and overwhelmed by all the work and opportunities in Antioch, and then remembering Saul of Tarsus.

To seek Saul is more literally to hunt him up. MacArthur says the original word “suggests a laborious search on Barnabas’ part.” Saul was so valuable to Barnabas that it was worth it for him to leave the work in Antioch for a season and search hard to find him.

Antioch became a center for great teaching and preaching. Antioch “had the greatest preachers – in the first century Barnabas, Paul, and Peter; in the second Ignatius and Theophilus; in the third and fourth Lucian, Theodore, Chrysostom, and Theordore.” (Hughes)

church atozmomm

The Introduction of the Name Christian

It wasn’t until these years at the Church in Syrian Antioch that the name Christian became associated with the followers of Jesus. They had previously been called disciples (Acts 1:15), saints (Acts 9:13), believers (Acts 5:14), brothers (Acts 6:3), witnesses (Acts 5:32), followers of the Way (Acts 9:2), and Nazarenes (Acts 24:5).

In Latin, the ending ian meant “the party of.” A Christ-ian was “of the party of Jesus.” Christians was sort of like saying “Jesus-ites,” or “Jesus People,” describing the people associated with Jesus Christ. Boice thinks the idea was that they were called “Christ-ones.”

Also, soldiers under particular generals in the Roman army identified themselves by their general’s name by adding ian to the end. A soldier under Caesar would call himself a Caesarian. Soldiers under Jesus Christ could be called Christians.

In Antioch, they probably first used the term Christians to mock the followers of Jesus. The believers appreciated the title so much that it stuck.

They gave according to the ability of their resources; those who had more gave more, probably referencing a proportional giving. It also means that they gave according to the ability of their faith, trusting that their gift to God’s work was a worthy investment in His kingdom, and not a loss.

Fun Fact: Luke is the only New Testament author to date his books by referring to Roman emperors. He refers to Claudius three times in the book of Acts. All of the events in Luke’s Gospel occur during the reigns of Tiberius and Augustus.

BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 6, Day 3: Acts 13:1-14a

Summary of passage:  Barnabas, Simeon, Lucius, Manaen, and Saul were teaching in Antioch.  Then the Holy Spirit told Barnabas and Paul to leave on a journey.  So they went to Salamis and Cyprus with John Mark (Barnabas’ cousin) as a helper.  At Paphos in Cyprus they met a false prophet named Bar-Jesus who worked for Sergius Paulus.  Sergius wanted to hear what Barnabas and Saul had to say but Bar-Jesus (otherwise known as Elymas) opposed them.

Saul cursed Elymas, saying he was a child of the devil and temporarily blinded him.  Naturally, Sergius believed in Jesus after witnessing this.

From here, Paul sailed to Perga in Pamphylia where John left.  Then they went on to Pisidian Antioch.

Questions:

5a)  The Holy Spirit told them what to do and who was to do it

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Just what the early church members did:  pray and worship and let the Holy Spirit guide me in all facets of my life including church work.

6a)  Barnabas and Saul were the leaders in Acts 13:7.  BSF may say it was just Barnabas but every time in Acts 13 I see them mentioned together (13:2, 7) and the pronoun they is used repeatedly.  In 13:13, it switches to “Paul and his companions” so here I would say Paul since he is singled out by himself.

b)  Paul was the one who called Elymas out and blinded him.  God gave Paul this power and His authority, not Barnabas, and we can assume other incidents occurred to mark Paul as God’s chosen leader.

7a) At Pamphylia

b)  Probably a disagreement or a quarrel.  Why do most people leave?  “Irreconcilable differences”

c)  Paul’s trust

d)  Jerusalem

e)  Yes and no.  Barnabas and Paul fought over it (never good), ultimately resulting in them going their separate ways (Acts 15:36-40).  But this could be a good thing as well because with Paul and Barnabas split, they touched more people that way and spread the word faster.  However, eventually Mark and Paul reconciled as we see from the passages listed.  My study bible says Mark is thought to have accompanied Peter to Rome where Mark and Peter wrote the Book of Mark.  Fascinating stuff to see how one starts out and then grows to write part of a best-seller!  All with God’s help!

f)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Maybe.  If you consider this blog a Christian work and some in the past have accused me of changing BSF’s spirit.  But here it still is.  Hopefully helping others.

8 )  I like this map:  http://www.foundationsforfreedom.net/Article/Bible/NT/Acts/Acts_Map_1-2_Journeys.gif

The colors are bold and the route traced.  Just google “Paul’s First Missionary Journey” for many, many more maps.

I’ll leave the scale work to you all.  We all know travel was not easy back then.  It was dangerous and hard work and took a long time, especially by foot.

Conclusions:  Finally, map work not as an End Note!  Yeah!!!

Here, we see God’s plan unfolding before our eyes as He hand picks His chosen men to do His work.  We also see how human differences can serve God’s purposes as a quarrel leads to more and more people coming to Jesus.

Everything in life serves God’s purposes and He can use the bad and turn it into good.