Summary of passages: Numbers 17: In an effort to end future rebellions, God told Moses to get 12 staffs, one from each leader of the tribes, put them in the Tent of Meeting, and God will make the staff of the one He chooses sprout. Aaron’s staff sprouted, bloomed, and produced almonds. God told Moses to put Aaron’s staff in front of the ark as a reminder to the people of His choice.
Numbers 18: God told Aaron he and his sons were responsible to bear the offenses against the sanctuary and the priesthood. The Levites are to help Aaron but not go near the furnishings of the Tabernacle or the altar. Aaron is responsible for the care of the sanctuary and the altar. God gives the priests a portion of the sacrifices for their consumption including meat, olive oil, wine, and grain. Everything. They are to receive no land.
The Levites are to receive the tithes for their work but are to give a tenth of that to God, which goes to Aaron.
Numbers 19: God commands Eleazar the priest to sacrifice a red heifer without defect, sprinkle its blood in front of the Tent of Meeting, and burn it up. The ashes are to be gathered up for use in the water of cleansing to be purified of sin–specifically to be used when touching a dead body, removing a dead body, or touches a human bone or grave. If the person does not cleanse themselves, they are to be cut off from the community.
10a) God told Moses to get 12 staffs, one from each leader of the tribes, put them in the Tent of Meeting, and God will make the staff of the one He chooses sprout. Aaron’s staff sprouted, bloomed, and produced almonds.
b) Here, God wants to end all rebellion against Him. The responsibility of the high priest is to atone for the people and make them right with God. Every high priest is selected by God to administer such an important role. Jesus was selected by God to be our forever high priest and atone for our sins. God chose Jesus like He chose Aaron. It shows God’s keeps His promises to man.
11a) They were responsible to bear the offenses against the sanctuary and the priesthood. Aaron is responsible for the care of the sanctuary and the altar.
b) God gives the priests a portion of the sacrifices for their consumption including meat, olive oil, wine, and grain. The priests also received the firstborn, which would usually be redeemed with money. The Levites are to receive the tithes for their work but are to give a tenth of that to God, which goes to Aaron.
12) Personal Question. My answer: That the Israelites were to use the ashes of a dead animal to cleanse themselves of touching a dead person. That death cleansed death. Like Jesus.
Conclusions: The Hebrews passage is a long one. Focus on Hebrews 7:11-8:6. Questions 12 was a throw away in my opinion. A waste. Didn’t learn anything from it. A question on the symbolism of Jesus here would be more edifying.
The lengths God goes to just for us is amazing. He does all these miracles just to save us from ourselves. Love is everywhere here and anyone who doubts God’s love for them should read Numbers 13-17.
End Notes: Numbers 17: The staff is a symbol of an apostle’s Godly-authority over the people. We see this since God gave Moses the staff of God (Exodus 4:17, 20).
The grumbling is an indication of the heart. God here is giving them one more chance to show His sovereignty. After this, judgment only.
God gives us more than enough as evinced by the blossoming of the staff.
Jesus is of the order of Melchizedek and thus is our high priest. We studied this either in Acts or Matthew I can’t remember.
Note there are now three things in the Ark: The Ten Commandment tablets, manna, and now Aaron’s staff.
The people are definitely afraid now and realize the severity of their sin. But are their hearts changed? We shall soon find out!
Numbers 18: God grants Aaron authority and accountability. They always go together.
Salt was considered pure and unchangeable. A covenant of salt then was a covenant to last forever and never be amended.
Tithing is not mandated by the New Testament (and therefore the New Covenant). However, we are to be a giving people and that looks different for all (2 Corinthians 9). Deuteronomy 14:28-29 extends this and shows how once every 3 years, the tithes were shared with the poor.
The Levites had a job to do and were expected to do it in return for their pay–just as we are.
The Levites had to give a tenth of their tenth; they needed to be givers as well.
We have seen the amount the Levites gave was well over the tithe. They gave offerings and freewill offerings and all the special offerings for festivals and any special projects like the building of the Tabernacle (Exodus 35:4-9). The Israelites were a giving, generous people. God commanded all of this so they would become giving and generous like He wants us to be–like Jesus.
Numbers 19: A heifer is a female cow that has never been pregnant. So we are looking for a pure cow of a red color with no defects–quite rare.
The difference between this sacrifice and others was that the cow’s blood was to be burnt up as well instead of being drained out.
Cedar wood, hyssop, and scarlet was used in Leviticus 14:4-6 to cleanse a leper. These three items point to Jesus–some say Jesus’ cross was made of cedar. Hyssop was offered to Jesus while he hung from the cross (Matthew 27:48), and scarlet represented Jesus’ blood.
Being unclean was not a sin; it just meant you couldn’t be with the community or with God. Luckily for us, we are bathed by Jesus every day (John 13:5-11).
A dead body was the result of sin; hence, if you touched it, you were touching sin in essence and thus unclean. The primary reason here was not the spread of disease because most people who die are found relatively soon afterwards.
Note the symbolism: ashes of the heifer (Jesus) combined with living waters (Word of God & Holy Spirit).