Summary of passage: Paul is lamenting how the Jews have not accepted Christ as their Savior and he says how he’d give up his relationship with Christ for their sakes.
3) The truth in this passage is that the people of Israel are God’s chosen people. The truth Paul is going to talk about in the rest of Romans 9 is how the Jews are not saved because they don’t believe in Christ. He is grieving how they have not accepted Christ as their Lord and Savior. Moses and Jesus were the same way: wanting all to come to God, praying for them, and willing to sacrifice his life for them. See Galatians 3:13.
4a) Part personal Question. My answer: Cursed is condemned here probably to eternal damnation. No believer will ever be cut off from Christ (which we just studied LAST LESSON). Paul’s point is he wants all to come to Christ.
b) We should always be praying for unbelievers, grieve for them, and desire them to turn to Christ.
5) Personal Question. My answer: I was raised a Christian so it’s been a relatively easy journey to Christ. It’s easier as a child when you’re not bogged down with life’s junk to choose him. I could always be doing more for God’s kingdom. Give Him the credit more. Talk about Him more. Evangelize more. I myself could be closer to God as well personally and spiritually.
Conclusions: We see Paul’s heart here. He loves his people so much he’d sacrifice his eternity for them. That’s powerful! What a motivator for us when we encounter unbelievers either in our own circle of family and friends or those on the street. We need more heart for them!
End Notes: Chapter 9 brings a slight shift in focus to the Book of Romans.
In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ and through the Holy Spirit.
Now in Romans 9-11 Paul deals with the problem associated with the condition of Israel. What does it mean that Israel has missed its Messiah? What does this say about God? What does it say about Israel? What does it say about our present position in God?
In essence, how can I be secure in God’s love and salvation to me when it seems that Israel was once loved and saved, but now seems to be rejected and cursed? Will God also reject and curse me one day?
If God cannot bring his ancient people into salvation, how do Christians know that he can save them? Paul is not here proceeding to a new and unrelated subject. These three chapters are part of the way Paul will make plain how God in fact saves people.
Paul left us at the end of Chapter 8 on a high note: nothing can separate us from God. Now, he turns somber as he considers the Jews, God’s chosen people, who are separated from God.
Consider this: Paul was concerned about the souls of men. What does this say about your worries over what others think of you, the guy who cut you off in line, the increasing number of wrinkles on your face, the neighbor’s hideous lawn ornaments, your mother-in-laws quirks and fallacies, and any other daily or not-so-daily petty worry? Worry about the souls of men and these will all disappear.
Consider this as well: The Jews are Paul’s persecutors. They (along with the Romans) are the ones casting stones, running him out of towns and villages, and beating him. Yet Paul still has this much heart for them.
For us average people, it’s hard for us to grasp this deep love and heart like Paul, Moses, and Jesus had. But this love is something we can build up and increase daily as we walk with Christ. He can do all things in us!
Paul lists how privileged the Jews are/were in having the law, covenants, promises, etc. They even had the divine glory (this is God in the cloud that led Israel out of Egypt Exodus 16:7, 10; Leviticus 9:6, 23; Numbers 16:19), God Himself, with them. All the patriarchs are Jews and Jesus himself is a Jew from the nation of Israel.
Conscience is reliable only when enlightened by the Holy Spirit.
People of Israel: The descendants of Jacob (who was renamed Israel by God in Genesis 32:28). The name referred to the entire nation (Judges 5:7), then of the northern kingdom after the nation was divided (1 Kings 12) with the Southern kingdom being called Judah. After this time and later in New Testament times, Palestinian Jews used the title to indicate they were the chosen people of God,
Paul is about to show that despite Israel’s unbelief and disobedience, God’s promises to her are still valid.
Adopted as sons: Israel had been accepted as God’s son (Exodus 4:22; Jeremiah 31:9; Hosea 11:1).
Covenants: Genesis 15:17-21; 17:1-8; Exodus 19:5; 24:1-4; Deuteronomy 29:1-15; Josiah 8:30-35; 24; Numbers 25:12-13; Jeremiah 33:21; Malachi 2:4-5; 2 Samuel 7; 23:5; Psalm 89:3-4, 28-29, 132:11-12; Jeremiah 31:31-34
Promises: Genesis 12:7; 13:14-17; 17:5-8; 22:16-18; 2 Samuel 7:12, 16; Psalm 110; Isaiah 9:6-7; Jeremiah 23:5; 31:31-34; Ezekiel 34:23-24; 37:24; Daniel 9:25-27; Micah 5:1-4; Zechariah 9:9-10
Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and his sons.
IMPORTANT FACT: Verse 5 has Paul stating that JESUS IS GOD. No where else is this written in Romans and some scholars even argue if this is in fact what Paul meant (Interesting commentary on this verse HERE)
Other passages explicitly or implicitly affirming the deity of Christ: Romans 1:4; 10:9; Matthew 1:23; 28:19; Luke 1:35; 5:20-21; John 1:3, 10, 14, 18; 5:18; 8:58; 20:28; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Philippians 2:6; Colossians 1:15-20;2:9; Titus 2:13; Hebrews 1:2-3, 6, 8; 2 Peter 1:1; Revelation 1:13-18; 22:13