BSF Study Questions John Lesson 12, Day 5: John 8:48-59 with Exodus 3:12-15

Summary of passages:  John 8:48-59:  The Jews wonder if Jesus is a demon-possessed Samaritan. Jesus rebukes them again, saying he is the way to eternal life. Again, the Jews do not understand his words and say Abraham died and so did the prophets so how can he live. Jesus says he was in existence before Abraham. The Jews attempted to stone him, but he slipped away.

Exodus 3:12-15:  This is the scene of God talking to Moses in the Burning Bush.  God tells Moses to worship Him on this mountain.  God says His name is “I am who I am”.  I am has sent him.  This is His name forever.

Questions:

11a)  John 8:51:  Jesus tells all the secret: Accept the Word and receive eternal life!

b)  John 8:56:  Jesus says Abraham has acknowledged that Jesus is greater than he.

12a)  Every Jew knew the name of God”  Yahweh or “I am”.  By Jesus calling himself this, he declares he is God.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  All.  Jesus is God and accepting him grants me access to the Father for all of eternity and guides my decisions and plans God has for my life.

Conclusions:  Just a break down of Day 4 a bit more and reading the passage where “I am” came from.

End Notes:  John 8:48-59:  Jesus asks them to name one sin of his. They cannot. Instead, they just called him names! They had nothing left to accuse him of and with each word of Jesus’ more and more believe him instead of them!

Jesus tells all the secret: Accept the Word and receive eternal life! Again, blasphemy from anyone but God’s Son. Keep here mean continue and abide in it.

“See” is an intense word in Greek meaning long, steady vision.

Once more trying to trap Jesus, they try to get him to say something offensive by asking him again who he is.

Jesus again says he knows God and claims he is greater than Abraham who also acknowledged this fact.

Fifty was the age a priest retired. The Jews are merely saying you are too young to have known/seen Abraham.

Jesus responds with the 3rd “I Am” statement (John 8:24, 8:28). The ancient Greek phrase is ego emi, which is the same term used in to describe the Voice from the burning bush.  Jesus used a clear divine title belonging to Yahweh alone (Exodus 3:13-14, Deuteronomy 32:39, Isaiah 43:10) and was interpreted as such by Jesus’ listeners (John 8:58-59). I AM was recognized by the Jews as a title of deity.

Finally, the religious leaders understood as demonstrated by the stones. They knew he was claiming to be God. They saw it as blasphemy. These stones would have been in the temple as it was still being constructed in some areas. Jesus escaped, probably mixing himself with the people in the temple but he could have vanished miraculously. We are not told.

Exodus 3:12-15:  God asserts how he will be with Moses and the sign is the burning bush and how one day all will worship Him on Mount Sinai.  Moses needed proof of his encounter with God so he asks him what he should tell the elders is his name.  God says “I am who I am.”  There is no equal. God is God.  This is the name by which God wished to be known and worshipped in Israel.  It’s the name that expresses his character as the dependable and faithful God who desires the full trust of his people.

This was not a new name for God.  The people knew it.  It’s recorded over 160 times in the book of Genesis.  It’s a call back to the patriarchs.

History of the word Jehovah:  In the English-speaking world, the pious Jews of later years did not want to pronounce the name of God out of reverence and thought it too holy to utter and feared violating Exodus 20:7 and Leviticus 24:16, so they left the vowels out of His name and simply said the word Lord (adonai) instead. If the vowels of the word adonai are put over the consonants for YHWH, you can get the name “Jehovah.” All this came about much later; in the days of the Bible, the name was pronounced Yah-weh or Yah-veh although the proper pronunciation today may be different.

Yahweh is the Hebrew name for God and is not Jehovah.  It means “He is” or “He will be” and is the third-person form of the verb translated “I will be.”  When God speaks of himself, He says “I am”.  When we speak of him, we say “He is.”

I am.  God has always existed and always been.  He simply is.  God is completely independent.  He relies on nothing for life or existence (Isaiah 40:28-29; John 5:26). This is aseity (we talked about it in Lesson 7 Day 4), meaning  God doesn’t need anybody or anything – life is in Himself.

God is eternal and unchanging.  There is no past or future tense in the Divine Vocabulary.

God is “the becoming one”; God becomes whatever is lacking in our time of need.  The name I Am invites us to fill in the blank to meet our need – when we are in darkness, Jesus says I am the light; when we are hungry, He says I am the bread of life, when we are defenseless, He says I am the Good Shepherd. God is the becoming one, becoming what we need.

God’s name is both an announcement and an introduction. It announces God’s presence, and invites any interested to know Him by experience, to taste and see that the Lord is good.

I Am: This is a divine title that Jesus took upon Himself often, clearly identifying Himself with the voice from the burning bush.

“Therefore I said to you that you will die in your sins; for if you do not believe that I Am [He], you will die in your sins.” (John 8:24)

Then Jesus said to them, “When you lift up the Son of Man, then you will know that I Am [He], and that I do nothing of Myself; but as My Father taught Me, I speak these things.” (John 8:28)

Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I Am.” (John 8:58)

Now I tell you before it comes, that when it does come to pass, you may believe that I Am (John 13:19)

Jesus therefore, knowing all things that would come upon Him, went forward and said to them, “Whom are you seeking?” They answered Him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I Am [He].” And Judas, who betrayed Him, also stood with them. Now when He said to them, “I am [He],” they drew back and fell to the ground. (John 18:4-6)

Interesting Trend in the Bible:  The first word had to come to the people of God (Exodus 3:16) and then to the world (Exodus 3:18).  Often God will not speak to the wider world until He speaks to His people and He has their attention.  First the Jews, then the Gentiles.

This is My name forever: God refers to the name mentioned in the same verse, the Lord God (Yahweh Elohim). “Forever” emphasizes the eternal faithfulness of God to His covenant.

BSF Study Questions John Lesson 12, Day 4: John 8:31-59

Summary of passage:  Jesus explains to the Jews that sinners are a slave to sin.  Only the Son can set them free.  The Jews insisted they were Abraham’s children; however, Jesus tells them if they were, they wouldn’t be rejecting him right now and they would love him.  Instead, their father is the devil who is a murderer and a liar.  If they belonged to God, they would hear what God says.

The Jews wonder if Jesus is a demon-possessed Samaritan.  Jesus rebukes them again, saying he is the way to eternal life.  Again, the Jews do not understand his words and say Abraham died and so did the prophets so how can he live.  Jesus says he was in existence before Abraham.  The Jews attempted to stone him, but he slipped away.

Questions:

9a)  Freedom from sin.  By holding to his teachings and knowing the truth (he is God’s Son).

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Freedom from sin.  Freedom from guilt.  Freedom to fail and be forgiven.

10a)  Abraham.  The devil.  God is the ultimate Father, which the Jews say as well; however, their actions and words and deeds (trying to stone Jesus and not believing him) show they are of the devil and sinners.  Furthermore, remember the Jews are all descended from Abraham, which guarantees them eternal life (before Jesus).  Now that Jesus is on the scene he’s the only way to heaven, be it Gentile or Jew.  Jesus is speaking of spiritual father here.  If God were their spiritual father, they wouldn’t reject him.  They do; so they are of this world and the devil.  Huge difference between God’s children and the devil’s.

b)  When the devil lied to Eve about the tree of knowledge.  We are all born sinners and under sin until we accept Jesus as our Savior and his blood cleanses us completely of sin.  Some scholars say the first sin was the killing of Abel but most would argue for Eve’s initiation of sin into this world.

c)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  By accepting Jesus’s sacrifice on the cross for our sins.  I was lucky:  I was chosen from early childhood to be a believer.  I don’t worry much.  I trust in Him.  I live my life.  I follow His voice.  It’s not been easy, but it’s easier day by day.

Conclusions:  Long passage which my summary condenses.  Jesus basically says those who believed themselves to be saved based solely on their heritage are not and are actually of the devil.  He calls them out, points out how he is in fact God, and they try to kill him for it–a heart act from the devil.  Freedom from sin is found only in Christ.  The alternative is the devil.  End of story.

End Notes:  Many did believe in Jesus so he is speaking to those who have the beginnings of faith but still have doubts.

Abide (hold to my teaching) means welcoming it, being at home with it, and living it.  When you do this, THEN you will be Jesus’ disciple and you will know the TRUTH and be set free.

The religious leaders don’t even consider Jesus’ words and ask more on how to be free.  Despite the facts the Jews have been in bondage on and off for 2000 years and Rome now controlled them, they say they are free already–because of Abraham.

“Sin” in this passage indicates habitual sin.  There is no escape from slavery to sin since it is within.

They are physically Abraham’s descendants but not spiritually.  Jesus knows their hearts and the Word (him) has no place there for him.

Again, they question where Jesus came from.  Jesus says bluntly, “You cannot love God or call him your Father without loving me and accepting me.”  It’s impossible.  The Jews found it incredibly hard to wrap their minds around the idea of the Trinity as we do today.

The ability to hear God’s word is a gift none of us should take for granted.

Instead, the leaders are spiritual children of the devil, indicated by their desire to kill him.  The devil lies.  They rejected Jesus because he spoke the Truth.

Jesus asks them to name one sin of his.  They cannot.  Instead, they just called him names!  They had nothing left to accuse him of and with each word of Jesus’ more and more believe him instead of them!

Jesus tells all the secret:  Accept the Word and receive eternal life!  Again, blasphemy from anyone but God’s Son.  Keep here mean continue and abide in it.

“See” is an intense word in Greek meaning long, steady vision.

Once more trying to trap Jesus, they try to get him to say something offensive by asking him again who he is.

Jesus again says he knows God and claims he is greater than Abraham who also acknowledged this fact.

Fifty was the age a priest retired.  The Jews are merely saying you are too young to have known/seen Abraham.

Jesus responds with the 3rd “I Am” statement (John 8:24, 8:28).  The ancient Greek phrase is ego emi, which is  the same term used in to describe the Voice from the burning bush.  Jesus used a clear divine title belonging to Yahweh alone (Exodus 3:13-14, Deuteronomy 32:39, Isaiah 43:10) and was interpreted as such by Jesus’ listeners (John 8:58-59).  I AM was recognized by the Jews as a title of deity.

Finally, the religious leaders understood as demonstrated by the stones.  They knew he was claiming to be God.  They saw it as blasphemy.  These stones would have been in the temple as it was still being constructed in some areas.  Jesus escaped, probably mixing himself with the people in the temple but he could have vanished miraculously.  We are not told.

BSF Study Questions John Lesson 12, Day 3: John 8:12-30

Summary of passage:  Jesus announces he is the light of the world and whoever follows him will have the light of life.  The Pharisees say he cannot testify for himself.  Jesus says he can (well, duh, he’s God!). Jesus judges righteously.  The Father also testifies for him.  Jesus says again he is going away and they cannot come because they do not know him and thus will die in their sins.  Jesus says when he dies, then they will understand that he is from the Father and does his will.

Questions:

6a)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  “I am the light of the world.  Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”  Jesus says he knows where he came from and where he’s going.  He judges justly and the Father is his witness.  Jesus is the One (along with God).  Without him/Him, I am nothing.

b)  He testifies for himself as does the Father.  Jesus needs no one to testify for him.

7a)  Jesus is sinless and will not die in sin.  He is from heaven and if no one believes in him, they will die in sin and dwell in hell forever.

b)  God never leaves Jesus and Jesus only does what pleases God.  They are the epitome of a Father/Son relationship–so close they are inseparable.  Because Jesus is God, if you know Jesus you know God.  The Father is known through the Son and to know the one is to know the other.

8 )  Dying on the cross and being resurrected.  It is what gives believers eternal life.  It’s Jesus purpose from God.  It’s all God’s plan.  It’s the ultimate fulfillment of God’s plan here on earth.  It is the supreme example of doing the will of the Father.  It is our salvation.  Period

Conclusions:  It’s plain as day:  know the Son, know the Father.  Don’t know the Son, don’t know the Father.  It’s the difference between life and death.  Permanently.  Some will see this; some won’t.  Light versus dark.  Which shall win?

End Notes:  Assuming the placement of the woman caught in adultery is correct, Jesus was interrupted teaching at the temple and now he begins again.

Light is an important symbol in the Old Testament.  God is light and we are light as followers of Jesus.  At the Feast of Tabernacles, candles were lit to remember the pillar of light that lighted the way for the Israelites during the Exodus.  Darkness is Satan and sin.

The 2nd of Jesus’ 7 “I am” statements.

Jesus makes 2 points:  1) He is qualified to bear testimony for himself; whereas the Pharisees were not.  He knew both his origin and destination; again, the Pharisees did not.  They were blinded and could not see Jesus’ light.  He judged righteously; the Pharisees did not.  Furthermore, only Jesus (and God) are truly qualified to bear witness to who he is.  He is God after all.  He is absolutely secure in who he is.  Shouldn’t we all be?

2)  His testimony is not unsupported.  The Father is with him.  So he and the Father are the two witnesses required by law.  Jesus believed he was enough.  But, catering to us stupid humans, he provided another witness:  God himself.

The Pharisees couldn’t prove one way or another if Jesus was the Messiah.  So they hoped to intimidate him and discredit him.  They bring up his birth to try to suggest it wasn’t a miracle but a scandal.  Jesus then points out how they don’t know him or God.

John makes it clear the Word (Jesus) was with God and was God and revealed God.  The Father is known through the Son and to know the one is to know the other.

Jesus is still on the temple–a very public place–declaring himself God and the Pharisees fools.

Jesus knew the Pharisees were going to hell and said so.  They tried to twist his words into making it seem as if Jesus was saying he was going to kill himself.  According to Jewish law, the depths of Hades was where those who committed suicide dwelled.

It makes sense:  If you follow Jesus here on earth, you follow him to heaven.  If you don’t follow him here on earth, you don’t follow him to heaven and you end up in hell.

Jesus tells them they have a limited time to turn.  We are all born in sin.  If you don’t deal with sin on this side of heaven, you will dwell in sin forever.

The Pharisees intent is malicious.  They kept asking Jesus who he was, hoping to get an answer to use again him.  With the right heart, Jesus will answer our questions of who he is gladly.  And the results will be amazing.

Jesus has no new answers for them.  There’s only so many human ways to say the same thing.  And they still didn’t understand and would not–for the darkness blinded them.

“Lifted up” here refers to the cross, not exalted or anything.  The Pharisees do not challenge Jesus here.  It is evident that God is with him and will not abandon him and he’s doing the Father’s will.

Many believed Jesus who heard him speak despite the opposition of the religious leaders.  I can imagine looking upon Jesus would convince most.  His heart would be transparent and it would be evident he was God.  He walked the talk unlike the Pharisees.  He had no sin.  He was perfect.  And many believed it to be so.

BSF Study Questions John Lesson 12, Day 2: John 8:1-11

Summary of passage:  Note:  Many early manuscripts and other early witnesses do not have John 7:53-8:11.  Scholars wonder if it was added later or fell at a different place in the Gospel.  Here, the Pharisees weren’t following Moses’ law (anyone surprised?), which required the woman’s partner in crime to appear also.

Jesus retreats to the Mount of Olives and then appears in the temple to teach.  The Pharisees, attempting to trap Jesus, brought a woman who committed adultery to him and asked if she should be stoned like the Bible says to do.  Here, Jesus writes in the sand and says his famous line “If any one of you is without sin, let hi be the first to cast the first stone.”  Of course, we’ll all sinners so all dispersed.  Since no one condemned her, Jesus tells her to go and leave off her life of sin.

Questions:

3)  Jesus retreats again to be alone with the Father.  He appears again in the temple even at risk to himself in order to shepherd His people.  Jesus once again points out man’s hypocrisy and shows mercy to the woman by telling her to not sin.  His heart is overflowing with love for his people.

4)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Galatians tells us to restore a person gently who is caught in a sin.  Carry each other’s burdens.  Be humble and not think you’re better than someone else.  Share the gospel with others.  Forgive those who fail.  Truthfully, it doesn’t matter to me about other’s disobedience (except my family) because it’s between them and God.  My family is different.  It’s my job to teach my kids obedience and I appropriate consequences accordingly.  To adults that are close to me, I try to forgive.  I think it reflects Jesus’ character.  Not perfectly of course but close.

5)  Forgive sin.  Don’t be a hypocrite.  There is still a place for exposing and rebuking and directly dealing with the sins of others in God’s family, but it must always be done with a heart that recognizes itself as a forgiven sinner.  When done right, confronting sin is done more often with tears and a broken heart than with anger and condemnation.

Conclusions:  Not sure about the last question.  Seems thrown in.  Love this verse about not casting stones.  We all sin and are deserving of eternal judgement.  Instead, Christ redeems and forgives and we need to remember that when others sin.

End Notes:  Jesus has been teaching at the temple on the last day of the Feast of Tabernacles.  Now, everyone has gone home and Jesus has retreated to the Mount of Olives to sleep.

This passage is the most controversial in John because scholars argue whether it even belongs in the Bible and if so, scholars argue where.  This passage was omitted in most of the early Greek versions of the Gospels.  Some later versions marked it with an asterisk.  Some insert this passage after Luke 21:38 or John 21:24 or John 7:36.

Some early scholars purposely omitted this text (St Augustine included) because they thought it made Jesus approve of sexual immorality.  However, most modern scholars believe this actually happened since it appears in writings in the early 100’s AD and it is true to Jesus’ character.  They also believe it is consistent with John’s writings.

Others believe it was either Simeon or Jude (early 2nd century), who seem to have been connected with the editing of this gospel, for they are probably the ‘we’ of John 21:24 and the two unnamed disciples of John 21:2.

Taking this account to belong here, Jesus remained in Jerusalem then a few days after the Feast of the Tabernacles to preach at the temple despite the authorities quest to silence him.

The Pharisees did this as Jesus publically taught in the temple courts to be as public as possible, to embarrass both the woman and Jesus.

Scholars believe her accusers had some special vindictiveness against her since her crime could have been dealt with in private.

The verb “caught” is in the perfect tense, meaning ‘taken with her shame upon her’, or the continuing act of adultery.

It takes two to commit adultery and note the man is not brought out publicly–a clear example of how women were treated as lower than second-class citizens in ancient times.

For adultery to be charged, the act had to be physically witnessed by two people.  Hence, this was a setup in order to trap Jesus.  Since the evidence was so high, execution was rare in these cases.

If Jesus said to let her go, he’d appear to be breaking Moses’ law.  If he said execute her, he’d be breaking Roman law since the Romans now were the only ones who had the authority to execute (where Pontius Pilate comes into play).  Matthew 22:15-22 is a similar dilemma recorded.  It seems the Pharisees were relentless in their pursuit of Christ.

Jesus ignores them and stoops down, a stance of humility and identifying with the woman.

Jesus writes!  But what?  Scholars have speculated since this was written.  The verb wrote could also mean to draw so some say he doodled or to write down a record.  Some say he quoted the Bible.  Others say this was a stalling tactic.  Some say he wrote the names of the accusers or their sins.  No one knows but it’s fascinating to speculate.

Still being pestered, Jesus rises up and addresses the men.  In Jewish law, witnesses to crimes were the first to cast the first stone in a stoning verdict.  Jesus’ point:  people are quick to point out others’ sins while ignoring their own.

Jesus again stoops, out of concern for the women and not to gloat over the shame the men must certainly be feeling.  Christ is merciful to all.

Some versions have “being convicted by their conscience” as they leave.  Seemingly it was Jesus’ words and not what he wrote that convicted them.

Scholars are unsure why the oldest left first.  Some say it pertained to what Jesus was writing on the ground, perhaps the sins of the oldest first.  They kept on going away.

The verb for standing could be a figurative sense and this is the only reference to the woman’s posture.  Based on Jesus’ stance, scholars believe she was stooping as well during this ordeal although she could have been forced to stand the entire time.  This is unknown.

Jesus notes her accusers are gone.  The woman must have felt relief with her accusers gone and her life regained–all a gift of Jesus who took her sin upon himself, foreshadowing the cross.  “There is no condemnation for those in Christ” Romans 8:1

Jesus did not approve nor accept her sin.  Here, we see a great example of how we are to move on from our sin in life:  admit you were sinning, repent and give up sinning, and continue in the hope of Christ.  No doubt this woman’s life is ruined as she’d be shunned and rejected by her husband and community.  Jesus gives her hope as he does us all.

Fun Fact:  Verse 6 records the only time in the Bible of Jesus writing.

Prayer Requests for Week of November 27th, 2016

Hey all!

If you have a prayer request or praise, please post a comment below or email them to me at atozmom.wordpress@gmail.com and I’ll get to them ASAP.

My request: For my husband: guidance in his job and his new responsibilities and to be less stressed over work and let God lead the way and not to worry.  Same for my job. Less stress and guilt over working.

God bless and have a wonderful week!

BSF Study Questions John Lesson 11, Day 5: John 7:40-53

Summary of passage:  Here we see repetition from earlier in the chapter.  The people are divided on who Jesus is:  The Prophet, The Christ, or just a man from Galilee.  Again, no one could lay on hand on Jesus because his time had not yet come as the guards admit he speaks so differently.  The Pharisees don’t understand how the educated ones (them) don’t believe in Jesus but the uneducated ones (the rabble) do.  Nicodemus, not admitting he may believe, says they shouldn’t be so quick to condemn him.  Again, the Pharisees say no prophet can come from Galilee.

Questions:

11)  The promised ruler or prophet to rescue them from the Romans.  Because he was one of them who performed miracles and spoke of ushering in a kingdom (of heaven of course) but they thought on earth.

12a)  Feebly if you ask me and it was barely a defense.  Instead of saying he may believe in Jesus, he just pointed out how Jesus needs a fair hearing before being condemned.  No.  The Jewish leaders had already convicted Jesus because he was wielding too much power and a threat to them and their rule and way of life.  Nicodemus did point out the leaders hypocrisy in not following the law as written but claiming they do.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Jesus has his timing is a frequent defense of mine when others complain of unanswered prayers.  I think Nicodemus defended Jesus half-heartedly, afraid still for his life.  I defend him whole-heartedly.

Conclusions:  Nothing has changed in terms of the people since Jesus first stepped out on the scene.  Some believe; some don’t.  Seeing the tentativeness of Nicodemus is eye-opening.  We can’t be like that.  Jesus desires every warrior on his side whole-heartedly.  We must be bold, not timid, and answer his call when it comes.

End Notes:  Some thought an ancient prophet would be risen from the dead and precede the Messiah.  Others thought of Jesus as the Messiah.  Some rejected him and some were ignorant of Jesus’ origins and his birth.

Jesus elicted strong opinions about who he was.  “Divided” is a strong word.  However, the followers of Christ should never be divided.  We are united because of Christ and the cross.

Again, the officers could not arrest Jesus because it was not his time yet.  He spoke like no man and the Greek implication here is that he’s more than a man.

The pride of the Pharisees shines here as they can’t believe commoners/uneducated people can believe in Jesus when they are the ones who obviously know everything.  This is the pilgrim crowd who has come for the Festival of Tabernacles.  The Pharisees exaggerated the ignorance of the people knowledge of Scripture (which was probably better than the average Christian of today and they couldn’t read).  However, the average Jew did pay little attention to the details, being too bogged down with the struggle for daily subsistence and hard physical labor.  Hence, these regulations were widely disregarded.

Nicodemus did point out the untruth of a leader believing in Jesus and did point out their hypocrisy as they disregarded their own laws in condemning Jesus by hearsay.

Again, we see the prejudice against Galileans as the religious leaders believe nothing good comes from there.

In fact, a prophet had risen from Galilee.  Jonah (who was a picture of Jesus Christ) came from Gath Hepher, which was three miles north of Nazareth in Lower Galilee (2 Kings 14:25).  Elijah was from Thisbe; and perhaps also Nahum and Hosea were from Galilee.  Their contempt for Galilee made them lose sight of historical accuracy.  Most importantly, the Pharisees overlooked the idea that God can choose a prophet from anywhere He likes.

BSF Study Questions John Lesson 11, Day 4: John 7:28-39; 14:16-18

Summary of passages:  John 7:28-39:  There are many who doubt he is the Christ, especially since they know Jesus and where he came from. Jesus says he is from God. Many try to seize him but they can’t because it is not Jesus’ time yet. Some believed in him. The Pharisees sent guards to arrest him. Jesus says how he is only here for a short time and where he goes, they cannot come. No one understood he was speaking of his death and resurrection.

Jesus continues speaking and on the last day of the Feast repeats his call for those thirsty to come to him and receive streams of living water or the Spirit.

John 14:16-18:  Jesus promises to ask God for the Holy Spirit to abide in believers so he’ll be with us forever.

Questions:

8 )  The crowds were whispering Jesus’ words that pointed out how the Pharisees are hypocrites and he may be the Messiah.  Basically, Jesus is threatening their authority and power.  They failed because Jesus is protected until it is his time and it’s not his time yet.  The guards put it this way in John 7:46:  “No one ever spoke the way this man does.”  This shows powerfully how God is in control of everything, even my situation and circumstances and my life.

9) I think he meant two things.  To believers, he meant he would be in heaven and we cannot come until the appointed time.  To unbelievers, I think he meant they would never find him and never get to heaven.

10a)  God and the Holy Spirit.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  When I accepted Jesus as my Lord and Savior as a kid.  It overflows to others as I do God’s work and put Him first and put others first.

Conclusions:  So much here!  Please read the End Notes as they are extensive.  We read John 14:16-18 but didn’t touch on it. We probably will when we get there.  It’s part of the assurances Jesus gives to the disciples (and to us) before he leaves earth–the promise of the Holy Spirit.

End Notes:  John 7:28-39 (Taken from yesterday’s analysis):  Jesus is probably being sarcastic in verse 28. “You know me; yet, you doubt!” Jesus repeats he is from God.

Jesus could not be arrested until his time had come. Till then he was protected by God. (John 7:46)

Many believed. After all, who could do as much as Jesus has already done?

Jesus assures the temple guards he will go away–at the appointed time.

The people did not understand Jesus was speaking of heaven so they guessed the Greeks. From the time of the exile, many jews lived outside the Holy Land and could be found in most cities throughout the Roman Empire.

The Feast of Tabernacles lasted eight days. During the first seven days water from the Pool of Siloam was carried in a golden pitcher and poured out at the altar to remind everyone of the water God miraculously provided for a thirsty Israel in the wilderness. Most probably on the eighth day there was no pouring of water – only prayers for water – to remind them that they came into the Promised Land.

On the eighth day the people ceased to dwell in the tabernacles and was probably no feasting. Philo says it was a solemn conclusion.

This was the last feast-time Jesus would spend in Jerusalem before the Passover of His death. This was the last day of the last feast; the last time He would speak to many of them before His crucifixion.

Notice Jesus said IN A LOUD VOICE. This was the most important thing he said the entire time so you’d better listen (personally, I can’t picture Jesus screaming so this must have been a sight!). Also, teachers usually sat so Jesus standing was to draw attention.

The celebration of the Feast of Tabernacles emphasized how God provided water to Israel in the wilderness on their way to Canaan. Jesus boldly called people to Himself to drink and satisfy their deepest thirst, their spiritual thirst.

Anyone is invited. Since there is no water being poured out on the 8th day of the feast, this was an impressive statement indeed. Jesus is the water.

Drinking is a common act. All of us can drink. But do we drink of the right stuff?

If you trust in Jesus, living water will flow from your heart and into your life and the life of those around you. Revelation 22:1 (which was not written yet at this time) speaks of waters flowing after the End Times perpetually. What a picture!

The Greek is “out of the belly”.

Zechariah that one day a fountain would be open to the house of David, and living waters would go out from Jerusalem (Zechariah 13:1, 14:8); and of Isaiah that God would pour water upon the thirsty (Isaiah 44:3, 55:1).

The Spirit is not yet given until after the Ascension and Pentecost (Acts 2)

“Given” was added. The true meaning is “it was not yet spirit”. It is more a sense of “working” and “dispensation”.

“Glorified” is Jesus’ exaltation, crucifixion, and resurrection. The fullness of the Spirit’s work depends on Jesus’ prior work of salvation.

John 14:16-18:  This is the first in a series of important passages about the Holy Spirit (John 14:26; 15:26; 16:7-15).  The second of three assurances given to the disciples on the night of Jesus departure.

Jesus is assuring the disciples he will give them a helper after he leaves; he will not abandon them.  He knew they would need God’s help to do the work set forth for them.  He will ask when he gets to heaven.

“Counselor” is actually the Greek parakletos meaning advisor, mediator, legal defender, or intercessor.  It denotes strengthen and is another of the same kind.

The devil is the accuser.

The Holy Spirit will be with you forever, contrasting with the Old Testament where cleansing was temporary.

The Spirit is characterized by truth.  He brings people to the truth of God.

“Know”, “with”, “in” are key here.  Jesus was with them.  Later, it will be in them.  Knowing Him is all of our goals.

The disciples of a particular teacher among the Hebrews called him father; his scholars were called his children, and, on his death, were considered as orphans.

Spurgeon considered several ways that the followers of Jesus are not like orphans.

· An orphan has parents who are dead; the Spirit shows us Jesus is alive

· An orphan left alone; the Spirit draws us close to God’s presence

· An orphan has lost their provider; the Spirit provides all things

· An orphan is left without instruction; the Spirit teaches us all things

· An orphan has no defender; the Spirit is protector

Jesus again promised to come to the disciples (John 14:3), fulfilled by His resurrection, by the sending of the Spirit, and by the promise of His bodily return to this earth.