BSF Study of Genesis and Hebrews
Summary of passages: Psalm 110: The Lord told my Lord (David’s Lord who is Jesus) to sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool. God will extend Jesus’s scepter and rule in the midst of enemies. On the day of battle your troops will be arrayed in holy majesty.
The Lord calls Jesus a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek. He will crush kings on the day of his wrath, judge the nations, and heap up the dead.
Hebrews 2:17-18; 4:14-5:10; 6:18-7:28: Jesus had to be made like his brothers (flesh and blood) so that he could become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God and to be able to make atonement for man’s sins.
4:14-5:10: Jesus is our great high priest who has gone through the heavens who can sympathize with our weaknesses for he has been tempted in every way just as we are–and remain without sin. Let us hold firmly to our faith, approach God with confidence so we may receive mercy and grace to help us in our time of need.
Every high priest is selected among men and is appointed to represent them in matters related to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for our sins. He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and going astray and offer sacrifices for our sins.
Priests must be called by God. Jesus was called to be a High Priest by God in the order of Melchizedek. Jesus prayed to God and he was heard because of his submission. He was obedient and made perfect for our eternal salvation for all who obey him.
6:18-7:28: God swore promises to us by Himself so that we may have hope and encouragement. This hope anchors our soul and enters the inner sanctuary where Jesus has entered on our behalf. Jesus is a high priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.
Hebrews Chapter 7: This Melchizedek was king of Salem (Jerusalem) and priest of the God Most High. He met and blessed Abraham and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. His name means “king of righteousness” and king of Salem means “king of peace”. He remains a priest forever without the proper lineage.
Just think how great he must have been for Abraham to give him a tenth of the plunder! The law requires the descendants of Levi to collect a tenth from the people. Melchizedek was not a Levite. One could deduce that Levi collects the tenth through Abraham because Levi (who is Abraham’s descendant) hadn’t been born yet when Melchizedek collected. Hence we have Levites paying tithes to Melchizedek, making Melchizedek greater than the Levites (or Abraham in this instance since the Levites are through Abraham). Since the lesser is blessed by the greater, Melchizedek is greater than Abraham.
Perfection could not be attained through the Levites so there was need for a priest in the order of Melchizedek (the mere fact that a priest in the order of Melchizedek shows up should be a clue that there is a need for something better than the Levites). If the priests change, then so must the law. The old law was weak and useless for it made nothing perfect and a better hope was introduced by God (Jesus!).
Through an oath Jesus became a priest and the author of a better covenant. Jesus lives forever so his priesthood is forever; therefore, he is able to save completely those who come to God through him.
Jesus meets our needs as holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens with one sacrifice of himself who has been made perfect forever.
b) The Messiah will be both a king and a priest
c) Melchizedek was a king and a priest of God. He remains a priest forever.
Melchizedek and Christ’s similiarities: 1) Both were kings 2) Both were priests 3) Both received a tenth of everything 4) Both names mean king of peace 5) Both are priests forever 6) Both live forever (without beginning of days or end of life)
One difference: Only Jesus was the Son of God
12a) Personal Question. My answer: Christ is our hope. He died for us so we can live forever with him. We won’t be lonely in Heaven. The Holy Spirit lives inside of us as a reminder He is with us always, never forsaking us so we will never be alone.
b) Personal Question. My answer: Jesus was tempted as well. He was fully man and fully God so he knows what we are going through. Yet he resisted and we can use his power to resist the devil as well. Open His Word and soak Him in. You will become burning bright for Him.
c) Personal Question. My answer: Jesus gives us hope and encouragement when we are down. Cling to him. Remember He speaks all the time if only I listen.
Conclusions: Any one else irked with Hebrews yet? We studied this exact same passage last year in Acts and we answered very similar questions. HERE we studied Hebrews 7 WITH Genesis 14:18-20.
So why is this Melchizedek important? Why is BSF spending so much time on him (this year and in other years)?
Here’s the crux: For the Israelites, they had divisions within society and roles. The leaders were priests, prophets, and kings. Prophets told the truth, revealing God’s righteousness. Kings implementing this righteousness as heads of the government. Priests represented God to the people and brought God to them. According to the God-given laws of Israel, kings and priests always came from different tribes. Thus, a king could NOT be a priest.
So how could Christ the Messiah be a king, a prophet, and a priest? Wouldn’t that violate God’s laws? We must remember at this time when Jesus is living he hasn’t yet died for our sins and ushered in the New Covenant. So the Jews are trying to piece together who the Messiah is based on the Old Testament laws, which still govern how God’s people live. Christ doesn’t “fit” these laws. [Cool, cause I don’t really “fit” either!]
Enter Melchizedek: a priest AND a king. He wasn’t even an Israelite let alone a Levite (the priests line) yet he was a priest.
Psalm says the Messiah will be greater than David and he will be “in the order of Melchizedek”, which means he will be both a priest and a king. Melchizedek establishes the precedent and the credibility to be a priest and a king.
[Explanation summarized and credited to Zondervan NIV Student Study Bible].
Fun Fact: Melchizedek was a Gentile. So from the beginning God had intended Gentiles to inherit the kingdom of God. I wonder why it was such a huge deal for the first century Christians to accept Gentiles when Melchizedek was one.
End Note: Note the order of Melchizedek’s names. He is king of righteousness and THEN king of peace. As always you must have righteousness before you can have peace. Without righteousness there is no peace. Jesus makes us right; thus we have peace with God.
Also, some commentators believe because Melchizedek remains a priest forever (verse 3) he was either a heavenly being or Jesus himself incarnate! Jesus in the Old Testament! Now that’s cool! Something to ponder at least.
Final Note: Sorry! This is a long one! I didn’t really focus on the questions this time as you might have noticed. I took the subject of Melchizedek and the passages given and investigated. I had to get this straight in my mind. I will concede we did study this last year. But we hadn’t studied Genesis yet (at least I hadn’t). In the context of Genesis and knowing Abram’s life and world, Hebrews 7 makes much more sense to me.
I often forget the HUGE differences between Old Testament way of life and New Testament living since I’m under the New Covenant. I now understand the confusion more when Jesus showed up, proclaiming he’s the Messiah. What? the people wondered. He doesn’t “fit” the Messiah.
I believe following Jesus in first century AD was a HUGE leap of faith. It was a total shift in paradigm. Myself, having grown up with Jesus, saying “Yes” to him seems easier than it did 2000 years ago. Don’t get me wrong: following him is a BIG deal and is insanely difficult. But I can see how it would be even tougher not necessarily for pagan worshippers but for God’s people.
Yes, I am sick of studying Hebrews. But what I’ve learned is this: you can’t get enough. You can’t read a passage enough times in order to have His word soak into your core. There are so many questions about God and who He is and our job is to answer as many of those as possible to draw near to Him.
Every time I read His word, I learn something about God: how compassionate He is, who He is, who Jesus is, how the Holy Spirit works inside of us, how the early Christians suffered, or even how there were 7 clean animals on the ark and not just two. But even the little details reveals God overarching omnipotence and control over this world. How everything is planned, down to God foreseeing the need for Noah to sacrifice to Him. How God’s promises are Truth.
All of this makes me a better person especially in the realm of spreading the Good News. For if we ourselves don’t know God’s word, promises, and truths, how can we explain God’s greatness and goodness to others?
Ok, I’ll stop now. You get my point.
Don’t stop reading His word. Don’t stop craving Him. For He never stops craving us.
9 thoughts on “BSF Study Questions Genesis Lesson 13, Day 5: Psalm 110; Hebrews 2:17-18; 4:14-5:10; & 6:18-7:28”
This is great and we appreciate the summary of the text each day. Iam humbled to go through the summary and blessings are in order. May the good Lord continue revealing so you can bless others as Iam.
Haven’t looked at your lessons lately and I need Genesis 11 and having trouble pulling it up. Please give me the web address for this study. Thanks
When you access AtoZMom’s site, look to your right. There you will find different highlighted words such as ACTS, Home Schooling, Genesis, etc. Click on Genesis. This will take you to the current lesson she has posted. Scroll down until you find the lessons you are looking for such as Lesson 11, Day 3 and Day 5. You may have to hit the previous arrow at the bottom. Another easier way is to use her little search engine box and type in Genesis, Lesson 11, Day 2. This will take you directly to it. The easiest is to use Google and type exactly what you are looking for such as AtoZMom, Genesis 11, Day 2. I hope this helps you. Good luck.
Well said, Atozmom, beautifully said and interesting; wow, to think Melchizedek was a non Hebrew! I love this. There’s a lot more here than I ever gave any thought to. In the past and today when I started this whole Melchizedek part of the study, I quite honestly just wanted it to be finished, but now I feel more or less connected in a strange sort of way. It’s very deep and richer than I get. Its still over my head completely. But Im kind of excited about going over and combing thru this whole Melchizedek thing again. I had almost given up and frustrated with the big secrecy thing about the big deal of why its always being gone on about and had prayed and asked why God He keeps on about him when He doesn’t explain more about him.
Thanks for your insight and getting me a little excited about something very important going on here I can’t understand
I love where Christ never stops craving us, what a wonderful realization!!!!!!!!!!
Your notes were soooooooo rich. Thank you so much as I can feel your love thru your comments.
Bless you. Diane
I agree that every time we study a passage of scripture we are blessed. For those who have been with BSF a few years, you might see repetition or reinforcement. There are many new who didn’t study last year so they are seeing thses connections with new eyes. Thank you for your study & testimony.
Melchizedek has always been important to me. Why? As a former Episcopalian and now a Catholic, the name of Melchizedek , and that Jesus is a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek is in the liturgy that we say each Mass. For 40 years I have been saying the name of Melchizedek each Sunday. Then my BFF and I were on a trip together and she, who is Baptist, asked me if I knew who Melchizedek was. Wow!! Did I ever. I whipped open my prayer book and pointed to the name of Melchizedek and told her we mention his name each and every Sunday (or each Mass). I am in my 5th year of BSF. It has enriched my worship and helped me to appreciate the many blessings the Lord has for me and for all of us.
It’s wonderful to see God working in you! I love your quote, ” you can’t get enough. You can’t read a passage enough times in order to have His word soak into your core. ” My FIL is a retired minister and still studies the bible, he’s 87 yrs. old.
Where did you get that Melchizedek is a gentile. What is the scripture reference. Is it with no mother or father?