SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 22:41:23-12
Jesus asked the Pharisees questions now: “What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?” The Pharisees answer, “The son of David.” “How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him ‘Lord’?” So he can’t be his son then. No one dared ask Jesus any more questions.
Jesus tells the disciples and the crowds to obey the teachers of the law and the Pharisees but to not be like them because they do not practice what they preach. They are only concerned about appearances and prestige. Do not call them Rabbi. Only call God Father, and Jesus is their teacher. Those who are humble will be exalted. Those who exalt themselves will be humbled.
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 23, Day 4: Matthew 22:41-23:12
9a) “What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?” “How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him ‘Lord’?”
b) The he was the Christ, the son of David.
c) A lot. Every day I see more of Jesus in me, and as I do, I grow more with Jesus and get to know him. That is my prayer. To know Jesus and to grow to be more like him every day.
10a) He told them to practice what they preach and to not be concerned with just outside appearances. Instead, have everything they do for God.
b) Honor, prestige, and recognition. They want to sit at the place of honor at banquets and in the most important seats at they synogogue. The Pharisees wanted others to greet them in marketplaces and call them Rabbis.
c) Same probably. Recognition. But I don’t know. I shun that stuff, too. God should be my motivating factor in everything.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 23, Day 4: Matthew 22:41-23:12
I love here how Jesus says to practice what you preach, which is where our saying comes from. Neat!
Learn more about the disciples!
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 23, Day 4: Matthew 22:41-23:12
Jesus now tests the Pharisees and the leaders by asking them a question and connecting it to the Old Testament by using the concept of Christ. This was similar to the question he asked the disciples about who he was Matthew 16:13-15
Bible scholars think that the Pharisees either forgot or did not know about Jesus’s connection to David with this answer. The Son of David is an Old Testament title for the Christ Jeremiah 23:5-6, Isaiah 9:6-7, and Luke 1:31-33). 2 Samuel 7,
Jesus explains the Christ is David’s Son and his Lord. Revelation 22:16 Romans 1:4 Jesus has to be both man and God.
Fun Fact: Psalm 110, is the most frequently quoted OT chapter in the NT.
Thus, Jesus says he is Son of God.
Instead of the Pharisees embarrassing and trapping Jesus, he embarrassed them. Thus, they would no longer debate him because they lost every time. Violence was next.
Now, Jesus turns to teaching his disciples and the crowds about the dangers of the Pharisees’ teachings. (Matthew 15:7). (Matthew 16:5-12). Yet, the people had to honor and respect the Pharisees because they held authority ordained by God.
Moses’ seat is like a teacher’s seat. In synogogues of the day, there was a stone seat in the front where the teacher sat at times.
The Pharisees’ teachings make following the law a burden. They added many customs and traditions that were based on their beliefs and not Biblical teaching. Jesus makes Christianity easy to carry. (Matthew 11:30).
The Pharisees did works in order to be honored by men, not God.
The phylacteries, which are small boxes that contain the Scriptures that Pharisees wore on the arm and head, and the borders of their garments were in accordance with the law (Deuteronomy 11:18, Numbers 15:38-40). However, the Pharisees had made these bigger so they could be seen by others better. They wanted others to admire and honor them.
The people are equal with the religious leaders and others should not call them Rabbi. His point is to not honor those above others.
Instances where we see these titles used:
- Jesus was called Rabbi: Matthew 26:25 and 26:49; John 1:38 and 3:26.
- Paul called himself a father: 1 Corinthians 4:15, Philippians 2:22.
- Paul called other Christians his children: Galatians 4:19.
- Paul called himself a teacher: 1 Timothy 2:7, 2 Timothy 1:11.
Greatness is how we serve and honor others; it is not measured by how many serve and honor you.
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