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BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 21, Day 3: Isaiah 52:13-53:12

SUMMARY OF ISAIAH 52:13-53:12

Jesus (the servant) will act wisely. He will be raised, lifted up, and exalted. His appearance was disfigured.

Jesus was despised. He had no beauty of majesty. Nothing in his appearance that we should desire.

Yet, he bore our suffering. He was pierced for our transgressions, crushed for our iniquities. He suffered our punishment that brought us peace. By his wounds we are healed.

We’ve gone astray and turned away.

Yet, Jesus was slaughtered like a lamb for us. It was God’s will this happen, the servant our sin offering. Jesus will be great.

BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 21, Day 3: Isaiah 52:13-53:12

6a) Jesus (the servant) will act wisely. He will be raised, lifted up, and exalted. His appearance was disfigured. Jesus was despised. He had no beauty of majesty. Nothing in his appearance that we should desire. Yet, he bore our suffering.

b) Just as there were many who were appalled at him[b]—
his appearance was so disfigured beyond that of any human being
and his form marred beyond human likeness—
15 so he will sprinkle many nations,[c]
and kings will shut their mouths because of him.
For what they were not told, they will see,
and what they have not heard, they will understand.

He was despised and rejected by mankind,
a man of suffering, and familiar with pain.
Like one from whom people hide their faces
he was despised, and we held him in low esteem.

7a) Jesus willingly suffered for my sins. He died and was punished because of me. He brought me peace with God.

b) There are powerful verbs here: pierced, crushed, despised, rejected, oppressed, afflicked, slaughtered. Jesus, who was sinless, suffered terrible pain for our sins. It shows me the depth of the love that Christ holds for me, which is hard to comprehend.

8a) It’s really quite simple: Jesus bore our sins and died for us. He was arrrested; he stood trial; he was forsaken; he was convicted; he was mocked; he was crucified.

b) God always (and still does) have a plan for all of humanity and for me who plays a role in humanity. He wanted his people to know that the ulitmate home was coming; that God would save all.

9) Dear Lord. Thank you for having a plan, for bringing that plan to fruition to save the world, and for having a plan for the future when we’ll all worship you here on earth. Thank you for making the ultimate sacrifice of your son for us. We are so blessed, so in awe of you. We humbly worship you. Thank you. Amen

Conclusions BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 21, Day 3: Isaiah 52:13-53:12

I love how God is so good to reveal His plans to us. So humbling what Jesus did that it’s hard to put into words.

End Notes BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 21, Day 3: Isaiah 52:13-53:12

This is Servant Song #4.

Matthew 8:16-17 says that this passage is Jesus.

Jesus will be exalted, but he will suffer. He was beaten so badly that he was disfigured.

His work will cleanse many nations (sprinkling often means cleansing from sin as seen in the Old Testatment (Exodus 24:8Leviticus 3:8Numbers 19:21Ezekiel 36:25).

Jesus appeared as you and I do. He was normal. Jesus knew grief and was rejected because of it. People withdrew from him.

He bore our sins. We have gone astray and need Jesus. Jesus died for us as was God’s plan.

Jesus willingly died; he offered no resistance.

Jesus will be rewarded for his work Philippians 2:10-11

We now can be with God forever.

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BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 21, Day 2: Isaiah 49-52:12

SUMMARY OF ISAIAH 49-52:12

Isaiah 49

God called Isaiah to be his servant before Isaiah was born. God will display His splendor thorugh Isaiah. He told Isaiah he would bring back Israel, Jacob, and the Gentiles to him. Isaiah chose you. God will restore Israel. The people will not hunger or thirst. God will have compassion on them. The Lord comforts His people. He does not forsake them.

Other nations will bow down to Israel. God will have his revenge on Israel’s enemies. Then all will know that God is the Savior and Redeemer of Jacob.

Isaiah 50

The Lord tells Israel that they were exiled because of their transgressions. God tells Isaiah what to say. God helps him. He has awakened Isaiah’s ears to hear and his eyes to see. He has not been rebellious or turned away like Israel. He is confident in the Lord.

Isaiah 51

The Lord has blessed Israel and looks with compassion on them. He will bring justice, righteousness, and salvation. He will bring salvation forever, and God’s righteousness will never fail. He entreats the Israelites to awaken. He will rescue and comfort them. They are His people, and God will set them free.

Ruin has come to Israel because they rebuked him. However, the Lord will take the cup of his wrath from them and give it to their tormentors instead to drink. He defends His people.

Isaiah 52:1-12

The Lord tells his people to awaken and to know His name. Yet, God reigns and will bring salvation to earth.

BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 21, Day 2: Isaiah 49-52:12

3a) God called Jesus to be his servant before he was born. God will display His splendor thorugh Jesus. He told Jesus he would bring back Israel, Jacob, and the Gentiles to him. Kings will bow before Jesus. God chose Jesus. God will restore Israel.

b) God tells Jesus what to say. God helps him. He has awakened Jesus’s ears to hear and his eyes to see. He has not been rebellious or turned away like Israel. He is confident in the Lord.

4a) Everyone expected the Messiah to be a Savior, a warrior, and very kingly. No one expected him to be humble, a healer, and a peacemaker. Eternal salvation.

b) It strokes the ego to have others adore you and admire you. In addition, being a servant is hard work.

5) Isaiah 49:1: Before I was born the Lord called me;
    from my mother’s womb he has spoken my name.

It just gives me cofmort to know that the Lord has had a plan since the beginning of time, and it is playing out. It also gives me comfort to know that God knew me before I was born. It gives me a purpose to do His purpose because I matter to Him at the very least.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 21, Day 2: Isaiah 49-52:12

Long passages of reading again, so hang in there! These can be confusing with the alternating of Isaiah speaking and God speaking and God speaking to Isaiah and to his people. The gist is that the Messiah has a mission to save and redeem the world and God’s people, so we can find comfort in that and be joyous.

End Notes BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 21, Day 2: Isaiah 49-52:12

Isaiah 49

Isaiah 49 discusses the Messiah’s mission. We see Jesus called and be prepared for his role before birth. The reference to Israel is a reference to Jesus.

Jesus blesses Israel and the nations. Jesus is to bring Israel back to the Lord and to bless the Gentiles, too.

Jesus is the covenant to the people.

The Lord is faithful to Zion and promises to bless them. He will not forget them.

Servant Song #1: Isaiah 42:1-9. Jesus is the light to nations.

Servant Song #2: Isaiah 49:1-13: The Messiah’s mission

Isaiah 50

Israel is questioning if God cares about them. God declares His love for them and is seen in Jesus’ submission to the Lord.

Jesus speaks to his people and challenges them to submit to God, too.

Servant Song #3: Isaiah 50:4-11: The Servant obeys, while Israel fails.

Isaiah 51

God’s past faithfulness will bring future blessing.

He says “Listen to me” three times here to get His people’s attention.

He will bring salvation and righteousness forever.

The people should fear God, not men.

The Lord is powerful, yet full of wrath.

Isaiah 52

The Lord will redeem Israel and He will vindicate His name before all who blasphemy it.

Be confident in the Lord.

Servant Song #4: Isaiah 52:13-53:12: The suffering of God’s servant in order to rid us of our sin forever.

God will send His promised Messiah to establish His kingdom, but the Messiah will suffer and will accomplish God’s purpose.

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Friday Digest BSF People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 20

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW IN BSF PEOPLE OF THE PROMISE: KINGDOM DIVIDED LESSON 20

  • God is faithful
  • True strength can be found only in God
  • God is instoppable
  • Stand on the strength of God’s Word
  • God has a purpose for you
  • God uses others to accomplish His purposes
  • God is comfort
  • God’s plan always prevails
  • God is the only one who can save you
  • Let God rescue you today

TAKE AWAY: Trust God in everything and for everything.

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BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 20, Day 3: Isaiah 41:1-44:23

SUMMARY OF ISAIAH 41:1-44:23

Isaiah 41

Let the idolatrous nations speak. God declares He’s the one who has made all of Creation. The nations tremble. God is with Israel. He strengthens them. God helps His people and redeems them. He will not forsake His people.

He tells the idolaters to present their case, but they can’t because they are false.

Isaiah 42

God speaks of His servant (Jesus) who will have his Spirit on him. He will establish justice on earth and be a light to the Gentiles. The Lord will be praised, and He will never forsake His people. God calls out to those who are deaf and blind to Him to turn to Him. The pain of life is meant to draw them back to God.

Isaiah 43

God created us. That we are His. That He is with us. We will not drown nor be burned. For God is our God. We are precious and honored in His sight. He loves us.

Gather the nations to see if their gods are right. God’s people are His witnesses; He’s the only one who can save. God will have revenge on Babylon. He tells Israel to forget their exile, as He will do new things. Their sins will be forgiven.

Isaiah 44:1-23

God tells His people to not be afraid. He will pour out His spirit on us.

There is no other god than Him. Idols are worthless and those who make idols are nothing. They know nothing and see nothing.

God tells Israel to remember He made them. He will not forget them. He has redeemed them.

BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 20, Day 3: Isaiah 41:1-44:23

6a) Idols are worthless. They can’t do anything. They are merely creations of mankind. God created mankind, so only He is worthy of worship and belief. When people believe in something other than God, they have nothing — no hope, no strength, no future. God is a jealous God, and when someone worships idols, it angers Him.

b) Anything can be an idol, and people make idols out of others, material possessions, and anything they put above God in their lives.

7a) Jesus

b) Jesus’ mission is to bring forth justice to the Gentiles. He will speak to the deaf and the blind of Israel. He will bring justice to the nations. In him there is hope.

8 ) It’s good to remember that God created us. That we are His. That He is with us. We will not drown nor be burned. For God is our God. We are precious and honored in His sight. He loves us. When we feel unloved or abandoned, remember God’s promises. We are not alone; we never have been. So, hold God tight.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 20, Day 3: Isaiah 41:1-44:23

LONG passages and lots of reading. The gist: only Jesus and God can save. Idols are worthless.

End Notes BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 20, Day 3: Isaiah 41:1-44:23

Isaiah 41

God calls all lands to renew their strength, even those who don’t believe in Him. God asks them who is in charge of human history. God says he has.

The lands are afraid, but they turned away from God, not to Him.

But Judah is God’s servant and should not fear Him. He is with them and will strengthen them. No obstacle is too great with the Lord. God is a God of abundance.

God asks idolaters to present their case, but there is nothing to present. Therefore, idols are worthless.

Fun Fact: This is the only place in the Bible where God uses the title “King of Jacob.” The King of Israel is used 138 times in the Bible.

Fun Fact: God uses the words “I Will” in this chapter 14 times, all in reference to how He will help His people.

Isaiah 42

God speaks of His servant, Jesus, the Elect One. God delights in Him who will bring forth justice to the Gentiles. He will hold Jesus’ hand and keep him. He will be the light to the Gentiles.

I am the Lord, that is My name. This is the four letters of God: Y H U H. No one knows how to pronounce it. It is known as the tetragrammaton.

God praises the work of Jesus. All who serve false gods will be punished.

Jesus will heal the deaf and the blind.

God will defend His people.

Isaiah 43

God tells his people to not fear Him because he has redeemed them. God is with them.

He calls to those who are blind and deaf to Him to prove their case or accept God.

God commissions witnesses for Him. There are no other gods before or after him. Only God can save.

God will judge Babylon for what they did to God’s people. God will make a new path for them.

Even though His people have hard hearts towards Him, He will show mercy and forgive their sins.

Isaiah 44:1-23

The Lord made His people and will pour out His spirit on them. We are God’s. He alone is God.

Those who make idols are useless. They do not know or understand. Idols cannot deliver or redeem.

We should praise God’s greatness and glory. He has redeemed us.

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Friday Digest BSF People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 19

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW IN BSF PEOPLE OF THE PROMISE: KINGDOM DIVIDED LESSON 19

  • God’s judgment is always perfect and right
  • God offers undeserved forgiveness
  • God’s character never changes
  • God defines what is good
  • God’s purposes prevail
  • All people are accountable to God
  • God is a God of infinite mercy
  • There is purpose even in pain

TAKE AWAY: Jesus is our only hope.

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BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 19, Day 3: Selected Passages From Isaiah 1-39

BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 19, Day 3: Selected Passages From Isaiah 1-39

7a) Isaiah 7:14 with Matthew 1:20-23: Isaiah prophesied: Therefore the Lord himself will give you[a] a sign: The virgin[b] will conceive and give birth to a son, and[c] will call him Immanuel. In Matthew Mary gave birth to Jesus who was a virgin who conceived by the Holy Spirit.

Isaiah 9:6-7 with Philippians 2:9-11: Isaiah prophesied: A son will be born who will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. Philippians tells us that God exalted him to the highest place and gave him a name above all names. At the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11 and every tongue  acknowledge that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

Isaiah 11:1-5 with Matthew 3:16-17: Isaiah prophesies the Messiah shall be from the branch of Jesse. The Spirit of the Lord will rest on him— the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of might, Righteousness will be his belt and faithfulness the sash around his waist. In Matthew, we see this Spirit rest on Jesus:  As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting on him. 17 And a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.

Isaiah 11:10 with Romans 15:8-13: Isaiah prophesies: In that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations will rally to him, and his resting place will be glorious. Romans tells us that Christ will be a servant of both the Jews and the Gentiles.

b) I like Isaiah 9:6-7 with Philippians 2:9-11 because it speaks to the life everafter. Every knee will bow one day — a day I’m looking forward to!

Conclusions BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 19, Day 3: Selected Passages From Isaiah 1-39

I like how BSF does the work for us of telling us where we can find the parallel verses!

End Notes BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 19, Day 3: Selected Passages From Isaiah 1-39

This is a treat as we get to see how Isaiah’s prophecies were fulfilled in Jesus — our great hope and savior! This is proof of God’s greatness and Jesus’s saving grace. These are great verses to keep in mind, too, when speaking to others about Jesus since they are so full of hope!

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Friday Digest BSF People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 18

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW IN BSF PEOPLE OF THE PROMISE: KINGDOM DIVIDED LESSON 18

  • Encounters with God change us
  • God calls us to where we are at for His purposes
  • God’s power accompanies those He calls
  • God allows us to come near to Him because He is near to us
  • God alone holds our hope
  • God speaks even when we don’t want to hear
  • God wants us to flourish; so are you?

TAKE AWAY: When you view God rightly, you view yourself rightly.

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BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 18, Day 5: Isaiah 6:9-13

SUMMARY OF ISAIAH 6:9-13

God describes Isaiah’s mission, which is to preach to people who won’t hear except for the remnant until destruction/judgment comes. But a holy seed (Jesus) would rise from the stump of David to save us all.

BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 18, Day 5: Isaiah 6:9-13

12a) God gives Isaiah his commission. He tells him to preach to the people even though they won’t hear him, but this would prove their guilt.

b) Till destruction or judgment comes. Until the cities are laid waste and without inhabitant, The houses are without a man, The land is utterly desolate, The LORD has removed men far away, and the forsaken places are many.

13a) Unsure as of the moment. I need healing of my knee right now that is inhibiting me from one task I believe. Unsure on any others. All of my tasks seem difficult at the moment.

b) He gives His word, His hope, and strong will to keep pressing on. The glimpses of hope are enough.

14) That there will be a remnant who hears His word and turns to Him. So all of his preaching wouldn’t be in vain.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 18, Day 5: Isaiah 6:9-13

I love how God calls people. Clear and concise in this case. Now, we just need to hear Him in the same way.

End Notes BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 18, Day 5: Isaiah 6:9-13

God gives Isaiah his commission. He tells him to preach to the people even though they won’t hear him, but this would prove their guilt. God’s word can bring you understanding, make him return to Him, and bring healing to your life.

It’s hard to preach fruitlessly to those who won’t hear, so Isaiah asks for how long. God answers till destruction comes. Yet, there will be a remnant who will hear.

The message is always more important than the messenger.

We know that Isaiah saw God in His glory, which would be Jesus before he was human. We are priviledged to have this knowledge because the Apostle John quotes Isaiah 6:10 and says so (John 12:41).

But God tells Isaiah there is hope: a holy seed (Jesus) would rise from the stump of David to save us all. Hope we all need.

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BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 18, Day 4: Isaiah 6:5-8

SUMMARY OF ISAIAH 6:5-8

Isaiah deems himself unworthy to see the Lord. A seraphim touched him with a hot coal and said his sin was atoned for. The Lord asked for someone to send, and Isaiah replied, “Here am I. Send me!”

BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 18, Day 4: Isaiah 6:5-8

9a) Isaiah deems himself unworthy to see the Lord.

b) We often don’t understand just how much greater the Lord is than us, which means we see ourselves in a more prideful way than we should.

10a) God cleansed Isaiah of his sin and uncleanliness. He took away his guilt and atoned for his sins when the seraphim touched his lips with a live coal.

b) Humbly.

c) If you don’t acknowledge yourself as a sinner, then you can’t be sorry for your sins, confess them and repent, and receive forgiveness. As humans, we all sin and are prone to sin, and it is only through God’s power that we can overcome sin and move towards holiness.

11a) Isaiah responded immediately. God is always looking to send people out into His kingdom.

b) Not as responsive as I’d like. I usually resist, in fact. My selfishness and comfort hold me back. I need to be better at responding in the affirmative about this.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 18, Day 4: Isaiah 6:5-8

This is one of my favorite Bible passages because we see God having mercy, compassion, and grace on people, cleansing and forgiving them, and then sending people out for him. And Isaiah’s response is how we all should be.

End Notes BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 18, Day 4: Isaiah 6:5-8

Seeing the holiness of God allowed Isaiah to more clearly see his unholiness. Many other great Biblical figures feel the same way in the presence of the Lord:

We sin a lot with our lips and our words, which is why Isaiah chose it here.

The burning coal was so hot that the seraphim had to use tongs to touch it.

The altar is like the one in the holy of holies. (Exodus 30:1-10), (Exodus 25:9). Fire is often used in the Bible for cleansing of sins.

Note the sequence here: Isaiah met God, was convicted of his sin, was cleansed, and then served. This is the pattern we all should follow.

Note God goes from singular (I) to plural (us), which is a reference to God as Three in One. People on God’s missions are sent.

Isaiah responded promptly and wanted to be sent.

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BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 18, Day 2: Isaiah 1:1 and Others

ISAIAH 1:1

“The vision concerning Judah and Jerusalem that Isaiah son of Amoz saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.”

BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 18, Day 2: Isaiah 1:1 and Others

3a) Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah

b) The spiritual climate was tumultuous to say the least. The people were ungodly and were moving further away from God, as were some of Judah’s kings. Uzziah and Jotham did what was right in the eyes of the Lord. Ahaz did not. He practiced child sacrifice amongst others horrors. and Hezekiah did what was right. The service of the temple of the Lord was reestablished under his reign.

4)

1:2-3: God’s children have rebelled against him (His people).

1:16-18: Isaiah beseeches God’s people to stop doing wrong.

9:19; 22:5: God will bring judgment on those who have turned from Him by scorching the land and the people.

9:6; 11:1-3: Jesus will save God’s people.

27:6; 32:1-2: 40:1-2; 43:1-2: Israel will be saved. Kings will rule in righteousness and with justice. Israel’s sins will be paid for; they will be redeemed.

5a) I loved the redemption (Isaiah 43:1-2). God will summon me by name and be with me. It’s so full of hope.

b) God’s promises.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 18, Day 2: Isaiah 1:1 and Others

Isaiah was my first study in BSF so many years ago, and I am looking forward to this part of the study again!

End Notes BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 18, Day 2: Isaiah 1:1 and Others

About the Book of Isaiah

This is the first and largest of the Major Prophets books.

Isaiah was a prophet mainly to the Southern kingdom of Judah from between 740 to 680 B.C.  Israel, the Northern kingdom fell to the Assyrians in 722 B.C. during Isaiah’s ministry.

This was the time period we’ve been studying (2 Kings 15 through 21 and 2 Chronicles 26 through 33)

Isaiah was a prophet with Hosea and Micah. The other prophets Elijah, Elisha, Obadiah, Joel, Jonah, and Amos had already passed.

Keep in mind, before Isaiah, the judges ruled Israel. Then Saul, David, and Solomon ruled. Israel broke into two kingdoms in 917 B.C.

Israel in the north had 18 kings who did evil in the eyes of the Lord.

Judah in the south had 11 kings before Isaiah, with some bad and some good.

Israel is in the crosshairs of Egypt, Assyria, and Babylon who were all fighting for power.

Fun Fact: Isaiah is the most quoted prophet in the New Testament. In fact, he is quoted more than any of the other prophets combined (21 times).

Isaiah predicted the Son of God a lot in his book.

Fun Fact: There are seven men in the Bible called Isaiah, which mans “salvation of the Lord.”

When you consider that Jesus began his ministry by quoting Isaiah (Luke 4:16-21), that should tell you the importance of this book.

Facts About Isaiah

  • Isaiah was married
  • He was the father of at least two sons (Isaiah 7:3 and 8:3)
  • He lived in Jerusalem (Isaiah 7:322:137:238:5, and 39:3)
  • He was advisor to the kings of Judah
  • The book of Isaiah was written about the same time as Homer was writing The Illiad and The Odyssey
  • Isaiah is the most eloquent book in the Old Testament
  • Isaiah speaks about the nature of God and His plan for the earth

Organization of Isaiah

  • Isaiah 1-12: Isaiah warns Judah when the nation is prosperous under Jotham and Ahaz
  • Isaiah 13-23: Isaiah speaks to the nations around Judah
  • Isaiah 24-35: Earth’s future and messages to Judah as Assyria is about to invade
  • Isaiah 36-39: The crises of King Hezekiah (an interlude)
  • Isaiah 40-48: Prophecies of Babylon 200 years into the future
  • Isaiah 49-55: Hope through Jesus
  • Isaiah 56-66: Warnings to Judah and more about the future

Fun Facts about the Book of Isaiah

  • The Bible has 66 books; Isaiah has 66 chapters
  • 1st 39 chapters address judgment and hope like the Old Testament
  • Last 27 chapters announces hope in Christ like the New Testament
  • Sin, salvation, and hope are the major themes like the New Testament

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