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BSF Matthew Lesson 27 Additional Bible Resources: Easter Edition for Women

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Here are some great additional Bible resources for Easter for women. Enjoy!

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jesus before pilate www.atozmomm.com

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 5: Matthew 27:11-31

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 27:11-31

Pilate asked Jesus if he was the King of the Jews. Jesus said yes. The governor listed the testimony against him, but Jesus gave no reply. Pilate knew Jesus was innocent and only handed over to him out of envy. At the Feast, it was tradition for the crowd to free one prisoner. They could free Jesus or Barabbas. Pilate’s wife had sent him a message saying not to have anything to do with Jesus because she had suffered greatly in a dream.

The chief priests and elders persuaded the crowd to ask for Barabbas. Pilate asked the crowd what to do with Jesus. They responded to crucify him. Pilate asked why, but no one listened. Pilate washed his hands to show he was innocent of Jesus’s blood and said it was their responsibility. The crowd agreed and said it was on their children, too. Barabbas was released, and Jesus was flogged.

The soldiers stripped Jesus and put a scarlet robe on him. They put a crown of thorns on his head. Next, the soldiers put a staff in his right hand and knelt before him and mocked him. They spit on him and then hit him repeatedly. They took the robe off, put his own clothes back on him, and led him away to be crucified.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 5: Matthew 27:11-31

13a) Pilate asked Jesus if he was the King of the Jews. Jesus said yes. The governor asked if Jesus had heard the testimony against him, but Jesus gave no reply.

b) Pilate’s wife had sent him a message saying not to have anything to do with Jesus because she had suffered greatly in a dream. The chief priests and elders persuaded the crowd to ask for Barabbas. Pilate asked the crowd what to do with Jesus. They responded to crucify him. Pilate asked why, but no one listened. Pilate washed his hands to show he was innocent of Jesus’s blood and said it was their responsibility.

c) He tried to get Jesus to defend himself. He tried to have him released out of mercy. He even asked the crowd why crucify him, and he symbolicaly washed his hands of Jesus’s blood. It shows that Pilate might have understood who Jesus was, that he had mercy, that he was sympathetic to Jesus. He also knew Jesus was innocent and didn’t want to execute him.

14) Pilate did fight for Jesus, but in the end he bowed to political pressure. We must fight to the end for Jesus.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 5: Matthew 27:11-31

Powerful and sad lesson. Shows what Jesus suffered for us and how he was treated. Deepens our gratitude for Jesus and the cross.

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 5: Matthew 27:11-31

The Jews have to go through Roman law in order to execute someone. They have no authority to do it themselves. They cook up the charge of Jesus calling himself King, which is against Roman law.

Pilate does not believe the charges, and his wife’s premonitions confirm them. He appeals to Herod who only returns Jesus to Pilate. This is the recording of the second time Jesus appears before Pilate (Luke records the first  Luke 23:1-6. ). He declares Jesus innocent, but the crowd won’t relent. Since the crowd is on the verge of becoming a mob, he washes his hands of sin, but he knows he is still responsible. Jesus’s crime of “King of the Jews” is posted above the cross as a result.

The reply Jesus gives to Pilate when asked if he is king is the same reply he gave the high priests (Matthew 26:64). Pilate could not believe Jesus would not defend himself. He kept silent and let God defend him.

Pilate knew there was something special about Jesus and did not want to kill him. So he hopes the crowd will let him go free. Barabbas was a murderer  Mark 15:7

Pilate could have released Jesus on his own, but he did not. He even ignored his wife’s dream. All of this was God’s mercy, which he refused. He gave in to the multitudes. All of them sinned. People today still reject Jesus.

Pilate washing his hands was meaningless. Jesus’s blood rested on him, too, since he could have stopped it.

The blood of Jesus would be on the children 40 years later when the temple was destroyed.

The Scourging of Jesus

Scourging was the treatment prisoners got before crucifixion. They were beaten with a whip that had leatehr strands with sharp bone or metal bits on it. Every time it hit the body, it made a cut. In fact, many prisoners died from scourging before they were crucified. Only women and Roman senators or soldiers were exempt.

The point of scouring you could say was merciful. It was to shorten the length of time that a prisoner hung on the cross before they died. Scourging resulted in blood loss and shock to the point of death. Crucifixion was just the final straw.

The whole garrison gathered to mock Jesus; normally only 4 soldiers (called a quaternion) did the scourging. They meant to humiliate and mock him. A scarlet robe was what a king would wear. The crown of thones would indeed hurt Jesus. The scepter was a reed, not an ornamental beauty item.

How did Matthew know about this scene? He was probably told it by one of the Roman soldiers who was present.

The procession to the cross and the execution area was a time for Rome to show what would happen to those who broke the law. A centurion on horseback would lead the way, shouting the crime of the condemned as they went. Jesus would carry the crossbar of his cross, which was probably between 75 and 125 lbs in weight. He was stripped naked, and his hands were tied to the wood. The upright beams of the cross were already in place.

No one stood up for Jesus. In the end, he was abandoned, but he never abandoned us.

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judas 30 pieces of silver painting www.atozmomm.com matthew 26

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 4: Matthew 26:69-27:10

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 26:69-27:10

Matthew 26:69-75:

Peter denied knowing Jesus three times when two servant girls and others asked him if he were with Jesus. A rooster crowed, and Peter remembered what Jesus had predicted. Peter then wept bitterly.

Matthew 27:1-10:

The chief priests and elders decided to kill Jesus. They bound him and handed him over to Pilate. Judas had remorse when he saw Jesus would be killed. He returned the 30 silver coins to the chief priests and elders, saying he had sinned and betrayed innocent blood. He threw the money in the temple and then hanged himself. The chief priests could not put blood money into the treasury, so they used Judas’s 30 silver coins he had returned to buy the potter’s field as a burial place for foreigners. This fulfilled Jeremiah’s prophecy.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 4: Matthew 26:69-27:10

10a) Peter denied knowing Jesus three times when two servant girls and others asked him if he were with Jesus. His sin progressed each time, first denial and then he took an oath. The last time, he got angry and called down curses on himself, swearing he did not know Jesus.

b) He knew/forgot Jesus’s prophecy that he would deny him three times.

11a) Judas had remorse when he saw Jesus would be killed. He knew he had sinned and betrayed innocent blood. He returned the 30 pieces of silver and then hanged himself.

b) They didn’t care about Judas or that Jesus was an innocent man about to be killed. They were in it for themselves.

c) All men have free will, and it’s a choice to sin or not. You are always responsible for your actions because you could have decided differently.

12a) Both were remorseful for what they had done. Judas tried to make his sin right, but his sorrow was not one of repentance. Peter wept bitterly, truly repentant of what he did, while Judas took his own life.

b) I feel like I’m cleansed, but sometimes I don’t and I still harbor guilt.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 4: Matthew 26:69-27:10

Such sad passages, yet this could have happened to any of us. We all let our Savior down, just in different ways. It’s important to seek forgiveness whenever possible.

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 4: Matthew 26:69-27:10

Matthew 26:69-75:

It’s scary that Peter caved to a little girl. He finally remembered Jesus’s words, but it was too late. Here, we see the beginnings of Peter. He will be restored, and Luke says just after the rooster crowed, the Lord turned and looked at Peter (Luke 22:61).

Matthew 27:1-10:

This is the next morning when it was legal to pronouce a death upon Jesus. All the Sanhedrin are present  Luke 22:66-71.

In order to kill someone, Pontius Pilate had to agree. He was the prefect appointed by Roman Emperor Tiberius Caesar over Judea. He was a cruel man according to history, and the priests brought three charges against Jesus in order to justify his death sentence:

  1. He was a revolutionary
  2. He told people not to pay taxes
  3. He claimed to be King, which was punishable by death in Roman times (Luke 23:2).

Judas was filled with remorse, not repentance. He felt sorry for the outcome, not that he did it.

When he threw the money back into the temple, he tried to put the blame onto the priests, rather than himself. Judas probably thought Jesus would redeem himself here.

The money was now unclean as blood money and could not go back to the temple. The priests didn’t want to touch the money although they had the innocent blood of Jesus on their hands.

Most Bible scholars agree Judas went to hell (the son of perdition (John 17:12).

Acts 1:18-19, tells us that Judas’ body burst open. Most Bible scholars agree this was caused by Judas’ dead body being left in the open since no burials could take place during Passover.

Although Matthew tells us this quote was spoken by Jeremiah, it is actually recorded in  Zechariah 11:12-13. Some think it’s a transcribing error. Some think it was spoken by Jeremiah but recorded by Zechariah. Others think Matthew is referring to the scroll of Jeremiah, which included the book of Zechariah.

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trial of jesus at sanhedrin www.atozmomm.com

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 3: Matthew 26:57-68

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 26:57-68

Jesus was taken to Caiahpas, the high priest. The elders and the teachers of the law where there. Peter followed Jesus. They were looking for false evidence against Jesus so they could kill him. Despite the many false witnesses that came forward, they could not find any. Finally, someone claimed Jesus said he would destroy the high temple and rebuild it in three days. Jesus did not answer this charge.

They ask Jesus if he is the Son of God. He answers yes and that they will see him in the future sitting on the right hand of God and coming on the clouds of heaven. The high priest tore his clothes and said Jesus had spoken blasphemy. They finally agreed to kill Jesus. They spit on him, struck him, and taunted him.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 3: Matthew 26:57-68

6) Jesus was taken to Caiahpas, the high priest. The elders and the teachers of the law where there. Peter was present, too, having followed Jesus.

7a) The witnesses came forward.

b) Jesus was silent. Sometimes it’s better not to say anything at all and just remain silent.

8a) “Tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.” Because it is exactly who Jesus is. But if he claims to be the Son of God and is not believed to be so, the priests can call it blasphemy and have him put to death as they did.

b) His reply is that they will see him in the future sitting on the right hand of God and coming on the clouds of heaven. He is speaking of his Second Coming. Psalm 110:1 says that Jesus will sit at God’s right hand until his enemies are a footstool under his feet. Daniel 7:13-14 describes his vision of the son of man coming on the clouds of heaven. Everyone will worship him and he will establish an everlasting dominion that can never be destroyed. Revelation 1:7 says that Jesus will come again with the clouds and everyone will see him.

c) The high priest tore his clothes and said Jesus had spoken blasphemy. They finally agreed to kill Jesus. They spit on him, struck him, and taunted him.

9) It means everything for a lack of better words. But it gives me hope that in a world that does not make sense that one day, it will all make perfect sense.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 3: Matthew 26:57-68

It is always shocking to read how horrible Jesus was treated and taunted by those who were supposedly Godly.

Great read!

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 3: Matthew 26:57-68

Matthew only tells us of this one incident this night. Actually, Jesus has several different trials that night. Before Caiaphas, he was taken to the home of Annas, an ex-high priest John 18:12-14 and John 18:19-23).

The final trial was after this one in Matthew before the entire Sanhedrin. Luke 22:66-71.

It’s interesting that only Peter followed. Was he determined to prove Jesus wrong that he would not forsake him?

The reason there was a second trial of the Sanhedrin after daybreak was because this one was illegal. According to Jewish law, trials had to be in the daylight.

The Sanhedrin broke many Jewish laws in order to condemn and kill Jesus as soon as possible:

  • No criminal cases could be tried during Passover
  • Guilty verdicts had to wait overnight in case mercy arose
  • Two witnesses had to confirm evidence, and they had to be separated
  • False witnesses would be put to death

Jesus was speaking of his body as a temple. (John 2:19  John 2:21. The Sanhedrin twisted his words out of desperation.

Jesus did not defend himself although he could have. He accepted his fate.

The high priest was frustrated by Jesus’s silence and the fact he had nothing on Jesus, so he asked him if he was the Son of God.

Jesus answered truthfully, and said one day, he would judge them.

Jesus spoke no blasphemy since he was the Son of God.

Did they believe Jesus to be the Son of God? No one knows, and since everyone is an enemy of God (Romans 5:10Colossians 1:21), they may have delighted in slapping God in the face.

It’s amazing that God watched sinful man do this to Jesus. This speaks volumes of God’s mercy on mankind. Jesus was patience defined.

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garden of gethsemane www.atozmomm.com matthew 26

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 2: Matthew 26:47-56

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 26:47-56

Judas arrived in the Garden of Gethsemane after Jesus was done praying. He came with a large crowd who were carrying swords and clubs. They were sent by the chief priests and the elders. Judas had arranged ahead of time that the one he kissed was Jesus.

Judas went up to Jesus and kissed him. Jesus was arrested. One of the 12 took out his sword and cut off the ear of one of the servants of the high priest. Jesus told him to put his sword away for if he wanted he could call down 12 legions of angels. Instead, he must fulfill Scripture. Jesus asks the crowd why they are carrying swords and clubs. He taught peacefully in the temple, and now the writings of the prophets will be fulfilled.

The disciples all deserted Jesus.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 2: Matthew 26:47-56

3a) Judas arrived and kissed Jesus as the signal to arrest him.

b) They arrested Jesus.

c) One of the 12 took out his sword and cut off the ear of one of the servants of the high priest. Then the disciples all deserted Jesus.

d) Jesus was calm, accepting his fate to save the world. He chastized the one who cut off the servant’s ear, and he went along willingly without a fight.

4) Jesus knows what he has to do and he does it calmly. He knows he will die, and he is ready. God’s plan is perfect, and it is coming to fruition soon, too. God is in control.

5) I can be calmer like Jesus and realize that everything happens for a reason and realize that more in the moment rather than afterward.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 2: Matthew 26:47-56

Such calm in the midst of chaos. That’s my dream.

Great read!

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 2: Matthew 26:47-56

Judas was a common name for Jewish men in those times. It is the Greek form of Judah. He was the only disciple from Judea, and he was the treasurer. No one knows why Judas betrayed Jesus. Bible scholars speculate that he wanted a powerful king and Messiah, not a Savior.

The servants thought Jesus was dangerous, which is why they came with swords and clubs.

Note that Judas knew where to find Jesus. Jesus was not hiding from God’s plan.

Kisses were customary greetings in that time. Judas still could have turned away up to the moment of the kiss.

The disciples flee out of fear for their lives.

The unnamed swordsman is Peter John 18:10

A Roman legion was 6,000 foot soldiers and 700 calvary. This number of angels could have destroyed all of Rome since one angel killed up to 185,000 soldiers in one night (2 Kings 19:35).

Note how Peter used the sword but could not pray for Jesus for one hour.

It seems that Peter was impulsive, and things could have gone very badly here. Jesus had to heal the wound (Luke 22:51). I so picture Jesus here as being frustrated with Peter.

Jesus was in control this entire time.

Note that all of the disciples forsake Jesus in his moment of most need. Hopefully, we don’t do that to those we love.

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