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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 29, Day 5: Matthew 28:16-20

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 28:16-20

The 11 disciples go to Galilee to the mountain Jesus told them to go. There, they met Jesus and worshipped him, but some doubted. He told them to go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit and teaching them to obey everything he has commanded them. He will be with them always to the end of time.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 29, Day 5: Matthew 28:16-20

12a) His claim: All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to him.

b) His command: Go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit and teaching them to obey everything he has commanded them.

c) His promise: He will be with them always to the end of time.

13a) Authority here means power granted by one in authority, so God. It’s the power or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce obedience. Because if we are followers of Jesus, we follow his commands. He will give us everything we need to follow him.

b) Baptizing them in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit and teaching them to obey everything he has commanded them

c) He will give me the strength to go forth and make disciples even when it’s hard or I’m discouraged.

d) Unsure. Right now, just struggling to make it through each day.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 29, Day 5: Matthew 28:16-20

I love the comfort the last verse in Matthew brings: I am with you always to the very end of the age.

Great read!

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 29, Day 5: Matthew 28:16-20

This was not their first meeting with Jesus, but it’s all Matthew records. Some disciples doubted perhaps due to the fact that this was too good to be true, and they may have felt guilty still over having abandoned Jesus at the cross. Yet, they obeyed. They did not fully understand what was happening or probably even what Jesus’s resurrection fully meant. However, obedience does not require understanding; it simply requires faith.

Jesus has authority so the disciples must obey.

His authority sends us to make disciples (scholars or learners). Note that disciples are made, not born.

The Great Commission

Christians are to:

  1. Go to others who need to know God’s word
  2. Make disciples by sharing Christ with others
  3. Baptize them in the name of the Father by the finished work of the Son and through the power of the Holy Spirit

Here, Jesus includes the Gentiles with “all nations.” Before, it was mostly Jews (Matthew 15:24).

They were to be baptized, not circumcized, which was the sign that the Jews used that they followed God.

We see the Holy Trinity here (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit).

Teach them all things, not leaving anything out.

His constant presence would strengthen them and guide them in their mission.

“Always” here means every second of every day, complete.

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Friday Digest BSF Matthew Lesson 28

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW IN MATTHEW 27:32-66 BSF LESSON 28

  • We can live a new life with a glorious future home in heaven because of Jesus
  • Jesus died willingly and clothed us in righteousness as he did
  • Jesus was separated from God so we never have to be
  • God is at work in every part of human history

TAKE AWAY: The greatest moment in human history was when Jesus died and rose for us.

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 28, Day 5: Matthew 27:57-66

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 27:57-66

When evening approached, a rich man named Joseph of Arimathea who had become a disciple of Jesus asked Pilate for Jesus’s body. He wrapped Jesus’s body in clean linen cloth and put him in his tomb. He rolled a big stone in front of it. Mary Magdalene and the other Mary sat outside the tomb.

The Romans made the tomb secure so that the disciples could not come and take Jesus’s body and tell people he had been raised from the dead as Jesus preached he would do on the third day. So Pilate ordered a guard to secure Jesus’s tomb by putting a seal on the stone and posting a guard.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 28, Day 5: Matthew 27:57-66

13) Joseph prepared Jesus’s body in rich clothes and placed in a nice tomb. Joseph used his best for Jesus.

14a) The Romans made the tomb secure so that the disciples could not come and take Jesus’s body and tell people he had been raised from the dead as Jesus preached he would do on the third day.

b) It proves that Jesus did indeed rise from the dead without any help or dark magic. No one entered or exited the tomb after Joseph placed his body there. There is no doubt that Jesus rose on the 3rd day.

15) Finding a new job. Moving states in the midst of uncertainty. Living a God-centered life always.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 28, Day 5: Matthew 27:57-66

I love how God thinks of everything. Jesus’s body has to be guarded so there is no doubt that he rose from the dead. Amazing!

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 28, Day 5: Matthew 27:57-66

Normally, the Romans left the bodies of those who were crucified to rot. But since it was Passover, no one wanted the bodies left. Plus, the fact that a rich person asked for Jesus’s body helped.

Joseph had little time to prepare Jesus’s body before the Sabbath arrived where he could not touch a dead body.

Having a huge stone seal the tomb was the custom of the day for the rich. Several men had to work together to move it, which ensured nothing happened to the body. This tomb was made from solid rock and was near where Jesus died (John 19:41). These tombs had a small entrance. The bodies would be laid out so that they could mummify, rot, and decay to bones. Once they bodies were bones, they would be collected and placed in ossuaries or small boxes that then remained in the tomb with loved ones.

The priests and Pharisees approached Pilate on the Sabbath, breaking Jewish law again. They were not afraid of the disciples; they were afraid of Jesus’s power of resurrection. The chief priests were probably wondering if Jesus would rise again and wanted to make sure there were no doubts.

The Romans sent their best men to guard the tomb of Jesus.

The Roman seal is significant. First, if anyone broke the seal, they would be facing death since it would be a defyment of the Roman Empire. The seal was a rope that was secured by wax. If the stone moved, the seal would break.

The Roman guard was not just one man. This was at least four men. Then, two men could watch while the other two slept. However, in this case, there may have been more. All these soldiers cared about was ensuring the seal was not broken, for then their lives would be at risk if it were.

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 5: Matthew 27:11-31

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 27:11-31

Pilate asked Jesus if he was the King of the Jews. Jesus said yes. The governor listed the testimony against him, but Jesus gave no reply. Pilate knew Jesus was innocent and only handed over to him out of envy. At the Feast, it was tradition for the crowd to free one prisoner. They could free Jesus or Barabbas. Pilate’s wife had sent him a message saying not to have anything to do with Jesus because she had suffered greatly in a dream.

The chief priests and elders persuaded the crowd to ask for Barabbas. Pilate asked the crowd what to do with Jesus. They responded to crucify him. Pilate asked why, but no one listened. Pilate washed his hands to show he was innocent of Jesus’s blood and said it was their responsibility. The crowd agreed and said it was on their children, too. Barabbas was released, and Jesus was flogged.

The soldiers stripped Jesus and put a scarlet robe on him. They put a crown of thorns on his head. Next, the soldiers put a staff in his right hand and knelt before him and mocked him. They spit on him and then hit him repeatedly. They took the robe off, put his own clothes back on him, and led him away to be crucified.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 5: Matthew 27:11-31

13a) Pilate asked Jesus if he was the King of the Jews. Jesus said yes. The governor asked if Jesus had heard the testimony against him, but Jesus gave no reply.

b) Pilate’s wife had sent him a message saying not to have anything to do with Jesus because she had suffered greatly in a dream. The chief priests and elders persuaded the crowd to ask for Barabbas. Pilate asked the crowd what to do with Jesus. They responded to crucify him. Pilate asked why, but no one listened. Pilate washed his hands to show he was innocent of Jesus’s blood and said it was their responsibility.

c) He tried to get Jesus to defend himself. He tried to have him released out of mercy. He even asked the crowd why crucify him, and he symbolicaly washed his hands of Jesus’s blood. It shows that Pilate might have understood who Jesus was, that he had mercy, that he was sympathetic to Jesus. He also knew Jesus was innocent and didn’t want to execute him.

14) Pilate did fight for Jesus, but in the end he bowed to political pressure. We must fight to the end for Jesus.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 5: Matthew 27:11-31

Powerful and sad lesson. Shows what Jesus suffered for us and how he was treated. Deepens our gratitude for Jesus and the cross.

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 5: Matthew 27:11-31

The Jews have to go through Roman law in order to execute someone. They have no authority to do it themselves. They cook up the charge of Jesus calling himself King, which is against Roman law.

Pilate does not believe the charges, and his wife’s premonitions confirm them. He appeals to Herod who only returns Jesus to Pilate. This is the recording of the second time Jesus appears before Pilate (Luke records the first  Luke 23:1-6. ). He declares Jesus innocent, but the crowd won’t relent. Since the crowd is on the verge of becoming a mob, he washes his hands of sin, but he knows he is still responsible. Jesus’s crime of “King of the Jews” is posted above the cross as a result.

The reply Jesus gives to Pilate when asked if he is king is the same reply he gave the high priests (Matthew 26:64). Pilate could not believe Jesus would not defend himself. He kept silent and let God defend him.

Pilate knew there was something special about Jesus and did not want to kill him. So he hopes the crowd will let him go free. Barabbas was a murderer  Mark 15:7

Pilate could have released Jesus on his own, but he did not. He even ignored his wife’s dream. All of this was God’s mercy, which he refused. He gave in to the multitudes. All of them sinned. People today still reject Jesus.

Pilate washing his hands was meaningless. Jesus’s blood rested on him, too, since he could have stopped it.

The blood of Jesus would be on the children 40 years later when the temple was destroyed.

The Scourging of Jesus

Scourging was the treatment prisoners got before crucifixion. They were beaten with a whip that had leatehr strands with sharp bone or metal bits on it. Every time it hit the body, it made a cut. In fact, many prisoners died from scourging before they were crucified. Only women and Roman senators or soldiers were exempt.

The point of scouring you could say was merciful. It was to shorten the length of time that a prisoner hung on the cross before they died. Scourging resulted in blood loss and shock to the point of death. Crucifixion was just the final straw.

The whole garrison gathered to mock Jesus; normally only 4 soldiers (called a quaternion) did the scourging. They meant to humiliate and mock him. A scarlet robe was what a king would wear. The crown of thones would indeed hurt Jesus. The scepter was a reed, not an ornamental beauty item.

How did Matthew know about this scene? He was probably told it by one of the Roman soldiers who was present.

The procession to the cross and the execution area was a time for Rome to show what would happen to those who broke the law. A centurion on horseback would lead the way, shouting the crime of the condemned as they went. Jesus would carry the crossbar of his cross, which was probably between 75 and 125 lbs in weight. He was stripped naked, and his hands were tied to the wood. The upright beams of the cross were already in place.

No one stood up for Jesus. In the end, he was abandoned, but he never abandoned us.

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 3: Matthew 26:57-68

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 26:57-68

Jesus was taken to Caiahpas, the high priest. The elders and the teachers of the law where there. Peter followed Jesus. They were looking for false evidence against Jesus so they could kill him. Despite the many false witnesses that came forward, they could not find any. Finally, someone claimed Jesus said he would destroy the high temple and rebuild it in three days. Jesus did not answer this charge.

They ask Jesus if he is the Son of God. He answers yes and that they will see him in the future sitting on the right hand of God and coming on the clouds of heaven. The high priest tore his clothes and said Jesus had spoken blasphemy. They finally agreed to kill Jesus. They spit on him, struck him, and taunted him.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 3: Matthew 26:57-68

6) Jesus was taken to Caiahpas, the high priest. The elders and the teachers of the law where there. Peter was present, too, having followed Jesus.

7a) The witnesses came forward.

b) Jesus was silent. Sometimes it’s better not to say anything at all and just remain silent.

8a) “Tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.” Because it is exactly who Jesus is. But if he claims to be the Son of God and is not believed to be so, the priests can call it blasphemy and have him put to death as they did.

b) His reply is that they will see him in the future sitting on the right hand of God and coming on the clouds of heaven. He is speaking of his Second Coming. Psalm 110:1 says that Jesus will sit at God’s right hand until his enemies are a footstool under his feet. Daniel 7:13-14 describes his vision of the son of man coming on the clouds of heaven. Everyone will worship him and he will establish an everlasting dominion that can never be destroyed. Revelation 1:7 says that Jesus will come again with the clouds and everyone will see him.

c) The high priest tore his clothes and said Jesus had spoken blasphemy. They finally agreed to kill Jesus. They spit on him, struck him, and taunted him.

9) It means everything for a lack of better words. But it gives me hope that in a world that does not make sense that one day, it will all make perfect sense.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 3: Matthew 26:57-68

It is always shocking to read how horrible Jesus was treated and taunted by those who were supposedly Godly.

Great read!

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 27, Day 3: Matthew 26:57-68

Matthew only tells us of this one incident this night. Actually, Jesus has several different trials that night. Before Caiaphas, he was taken to the home of Annas, an ex-high priest John 18:12-14 and John 18:19-23).

The final trial was after this one in Matthew before the entire Sanhedrin. Luke 22:66-71.

It’s interesting that only Peter followed. Was he determined to prove Jesus wrong that he would not forsake him?

The reason there was a second trial of the Sanhedrin after daybreak was because this one was illegal. According to Jewish law, trials had to be in the daylight.

The Sanhedrin broke many Jewish laws in order to condemn and kill Jesus as soon as possible:

  • No criminal cases could be tried during Passover
  • Guilty verdicts had to wait overnight in case mercy arose
  • Two witnesses had to confirm evidence, and they had to be separated
  • False witnesses would be put to death

Jesus was speaking of his body as a temple. (John 2:19  John 2:21. The Sanhedrin twisted his words out of desperation.

Jesus did not defend himself although he could have. He accepted his fate.

The high priest was frustrated by Jesus’s silence and the fact he had nothing on Jesus, so he asked him if he was the Son of God.

Jesus answered truthfully, and said one day, he would judge them.

Jesus spoke no blasphemy since he was the Son of God.

Did they believe Jesus to be the Son of God? No one knows, and since everyone is an enemy of God (Romans 5:10Colossians 1:21), they may have delighted in slapping God in the face.

It’s amazing that God watched sinful man do this to Jesus. This speaks volumes of God’s mercy on mankind. Jesus was patience defined.

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 25, Day 4: Matthew 25:31-46

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 25:31-46

Still on the Mount of Olives, Jesus tell about when he returns. He will have all of the angels with him, and he will sit on his throne in glory. He will separate everyone like a shepherd separates his sheep and goats. The sheep will go to his right; the goats on his left. Jesus blesses the sheep on his right, and they will have their inheritance, the kingdom prepared for them since the creation of the world. For they cared for Jesus, giving him food, drink, and clothes.

Confused, the righteous wondered when they did these things. Jesus responded that they did it for him every time they did it for one of their brothers.

Those on the left will be cursed to the eternal fire for they did nothing for him or his people. They will have eternal punishment, while the righteous has eternal life.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 25, Day 4: Matthew 25:31-46

9) He will have all of the angels with him, and he will sit on his throne in glory. He will separate everyone like a shepherd separates his sheep and goats.

10a) The sheep on his right are blessed and will have their inheritance, the kingdom prepared for them since the creation of the world. For they cared for Jesus, giving him food, drink, and clothes and they cared for Jesus every time they cared for one of their brothers. They are believers.

b) Those on the left will be cursed to the eternal fire for they did nothing for him or his people. They will have eternal punishment. They are unbelievers.

c) We are here to help others, which is what Jesus would do. Since he is not here, we are to take his place.

d) Luke 6:45 says good men brings good things stored up in his heart. Faith has action associated with it, according to James 3:14-17. Faith and deeds go hand-in-hand. 1 John 3:16-18 says we are to love with action and truth. Because Jesus laid down his life for us, we are to do the same for our brothers. This is how we will know we belong to truth (verse 19)

11) I would say more in the little things I do. Smiling to others. Lending a helping hand. Volunteering. And helping those close to you, such as family and friends, when they need help. Donating time and money to worthy causes and those who need the help.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 25, Day 4: Matthew 25:31-46

I love the emphasis on doing things for others because that’s what Jesus would do. This needs to be more on our minds.

Classic book! I wish more modern children’s authors would write on Jesus.

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 25, Day 4: Matthew 25:31-46

Jesus gives more details about his Second Coming here. His throne will be on earth.

Fun Fact: Jesus usually called himself “Son of Man” when speaking of himself.

Most Bible scholars agree that this judgment is different than the Great White Throne Judgment in Revelation 20:11-15.

  • The Great White Throne Judgment happens after the 1,000 year reign of Jesus. This judgment happens right after Jesus returns.
  • This Judgment of Nations only includes the nations, or Gentiles, who are judged on their care of others. The Great White Throne Judgment is everyone.

Goats and sheep usually naturally separate themselves when it gets cold at night because the goats huddle for warmth, but sheep don’t need to.

Some Bible scholars believe this Judgment of Nations will happen after the Great Tribulation Matthew 24:21 The rapture will have already happened  1 Thessalonians 4:16-17)

Jesus separates those who will receive the kingdom of heaven and those who will not. Jesus judges them by their works here.

This is a lesson to us all to help others whenever we can for Jesus may come at any time.

God prepared Hell for the devil, his angels, and now those who are condemned.

The purpose of the Judgment of Nations is to separate people before the beginning of Jesus’s millennial kingdom.

Jesus came first to free us from sin.

Jesus will come again to judge and rule.

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 24, Day 3: Matthew 24:15-26

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 24:15-26

Jesus continues describing the End Times to his disciples on the Mount of Olives. He describes what will happen and says that those in Judea should flee. Don’t take anything with you. If their flight takes place in winter or on the Sabbath, there will be great distress. However, those days will be cut short for the sake of the elect. False Christs and false prophets will appear and perform great signs and miracles to deceive you.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 24, Day 3: Matthew 24:15-26

6a) The destruction of the Jewish temple

b) Flee

c) Jesus will confirm a covenant with many. Forces will desecrate the temple and abolish daily sacrifices. There will be 1,290 days from the time the daily sacrifice is abolished and the abomination that causes desolation is set up.

7a) “Unequaled from the beginning of the world till now — and never to be equaled again.” “No one would survive” “How dreadful it will be for pregnant women and nursing mothers.” “Pray that your flight will not take place in winter or on the Sabbath.”

b) You should take the warnings very seriously. They should respond with prayer.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 24, Day 3: Matthew 24:15-26

I’m wondering how the disciples felt hearing from this. I would have been afraid.

An interesting read on the Olivet Discourse.

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 24, Day 3: Matthew 24:15-26

The abomination of desolation is when the Jewish temple will be destroyed and an idolatrous image will be set up in the holy place. This act brings desolation.

Daniel describes the complete desecration of the temple, and Paul discusses this event more in 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4

There will be 3.5 years after the sign is set up before the consummation of all things.

When the abomination appears, you (the Jewish people) must flee immediately.

Bible scholars believe that the destruction of the Jewish temple in 70 AD and the subsequent fleeing of God’s people was a foreshadowing of the coming End Times.

God will remove His church before the Great Tribulation (1 Thessalonians 4:16-17).

The Great Tribulation will be terrible, indeed.

All will know that Christ has arrived by his sign. Many will look for false prophets to save them.

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 5: Matthew 22:1-14

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 22:1-14

Jesus tells the chief priests the Parable of the Wedding Banquet where Jesus compares the kingdom of heaven to a king preparing the wedding banquet for his son. Those who have been invited refused to come, even after the food was prepared. Instead, those invited killed the messengers. Thus, the king sent his army to destroy the murderers and burn their city.

Next, the king invites anyone on the streets to the wedding banquet. Many came, good and bad. However, one came who was not wearing wedding clothes. He was tossed out. The message is that many are invited, but few are chosen.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 5: Matthew 22:1-14

13) Jesus tells the chief priests the Parable of the Wedding Banquet where Jesus compares the kingdom of heaven to a king preparing the wedding banquet for his son. Those who have been invited refused to come, even after the food was prepared. Instead, those invited killed the messengers. Thus, the king sent his army to destroy the murderers and burn their city.

Next, the king invites anyone on the streets to the wedding banquet. Many came, good and bad. However, one came who was not wearing wedding clothes. He was tossed out. The message is that many are invited, but few are chosen.

14a) Isaiah 61:10 tells us that the clothes are the garments of salvation and of righteousness. Here, they are symbolizing the acceptance of Jesus.

b) He is telling them they will be destroyed and miss out on the kingdom of heaven if they don’t turn to him.

15) It’s hard to quantify. I am truly blessed to be a Christian and everything I have and am I owe to Jesus’s sacrifice and God’s grace.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 5: Matthew 22:1-14

This parable shows us that God never gives up on anyone. Jesus keeps pleaing with the religious leaders, telling them the consequences of their actions. Similarly, God never gives up on us, either.

Great reminder about God’s plans!

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 5: Matthew 22:1-14

Jesus explains again in another parable (The Parable of the Wedding Banquet) the danger of rejecting him.

This is probably THE event of the year and decade here. A king’s son’s wedding! Think about modern royal weddings. An invitation normally would have been prized, indeed. There is no logical reason to reject such an invitation.

The king is God here. His Son is Jesus. The invitation is to accept Jesus and enter into eternal life with God.

The king tries again. Many historical scholars say that in ancient times, the Jews would send out an invite like a “save the date” card today. Then they would tell everyone when the day had arrived and everything was ready.

Note how everything is ready — it really is that simple when accepting Jesus.

They rejected the invite again; this time, the king brings judgment. We see Jerusalem’s future here.

Next, the king invites everyone (as the Gospel was extended to the Gentiles) out of grace.

Some commentators believe the king would offer his guests garments to wear. However, in this parable, we see no evidence of that tradition.

The point of the man in inappropriate clothing is that he came for the wrong reasons — for the food. He was not there to celebrate the wedding.

You can only be with God if you are clothed in righteousness (accept Jesus). Again, the man had a chance to accept Jesus when asked about his clothes. He was mute.

Those who don’t accept Christ, who are indifferent, antagonistic, and even unmoved can expect the same fate — to be bound and thrown out.

Take away: All are invited to accept the message of the Gospel. Few do.

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