Summary of Acts 1:1-4:
Luke (the writer of Acts) tells Theophilus that he previously wrote (in the book of Luke) about Jesus’s actions and teachings up to the day he ascended to Heaven after instructing the apostles through the Holy Spirit. Jesus gave proofs to the apostles that he was alive after he had been crucified, and Jesus continued to appear before them for 40 days, speaking about God’s kingdom. On one occasion, Jesus instructed the apostles to not leave Jerusalem until they received the gift God has promised.
Summary of Luke 24:13-49:
Two men were walking along the road to Emmaus when Jesus appeared to them after he was crucified. The men did not recognize Jesus who then told Jesus about his own death. Jesus responded by admonishes them for not believing the prophets when they spoke of Jesus’s death. Jesus then explains the scriptures (the OT) to them concerning himself (basically, how his life, death, and resurrection crowned centuries of God’s work). Jesus stayed with them, broke bread with them, and he was recognized. However, he disappeared after that. They told the 11 disciples all that had happened.
Jesus then appears before the disciples in Jerusalem. The apostles are frightened and Jesus asks why they don’t believe it’s him. “Look at my hands and my feet. It is I…” and Jesus showed his hands and feet where he had been pierced on the cross. He ate with them and reiterated how every prophecy must be fulfilled from the Old Testament. Then Jesus opened their minds so they could understand how he must suffer, die, and rise again; forgiveness of sins will be preached. But first, Jesus will send them what God has promised so they must remain in Jerusalem until they have been clothed with power from on high.
Jesus led them to Bethany where he blessed the disciples and arose into Heaven. The disciples worshipped him and returned to Jerusalem where they remained, praising God at His temple.
BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 1, Day 2: Acts 1:1-4, Luke 24:13-49
3) Personally. Jesus appears to his disciples and other believers and continues to teach them and put the pieces of his death together for them.
4) Part personal Question. My answer: Jesus still needed to teach his disciples, and he needed to have proof, or witnesses, that he was risen in the form of testimony. He also needed to explain about the Holy Spirit. I’d want to know when the Second Coming was, and I’d ask about everything else I don’ know!
5) Personal Question. My answer: It’s helpful to know that this life and troubles are temporary, that there is a better place awaiting — a place with God, Jesus, and no evil in the world.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 1, Day 2: Acts 1:1-4, Luke 24:13-49
Acts opens fairly simply with Luke casually talking about Jesus hanging out with the disciples after his resurrection. No big deal.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 1, Day 2: Acts 1:1-4, Luke 24:13-49
Yay! First Lesson of the Study of Acts and Letters of the Apostles. So exciting!
Luke, the writer of Acts, was a physician (Colossians 4:14), a Gentile, and a devoted follower of Paul (from the text of Acts, and Colossians 4:14, Philemon 24, and 2 Timothy 4:11). That’s about all we know about him.
Theophilus (Greek meaning lover of God) is the person to whom Luke is writing the books of Acts (and the book of Luke previously) to. He could have been a Christian or a Roman official. We don’t know anything else about him, although he may have held office since Luke calls him “most excellent.”
One theory has Acts as a defense book on Paul’s behalf since Luke was with Paul in Jerusalem (Acts 21:17) and went to Rome with him (Acts 27:1).
Fun Fact: “Ancient books were generally written on papyrus scrolls. It was practical to have a scroll about thirty-five feet in length. When it got any longer it got too bulky to carry around. This physical limitation has determined the length of many books of the Bible.” (Boice) Luke used two scrolls to tell his story, and one we call “The Gospel of Luke” and the other we call “The Book of Acts.”
Acts spans a period of about 30 years, and takes us up to about A.D. 60 or 61, with Paul in Rome waiting to appear before Caesar Nero. This same Nero began his infamous persecutions of Christians in A.D. 64.
Note how Jesus rose and spoke to the disciples with the power of the Holy Spirit. If the glorified, resurrected Jesus needed and relied on the Holy Spirit, so should we. This will be an on-going theme throughout Acts that we need the Holy Spirit to operate as well.
The Power of the Father (or Holy Spirit) is:
- Belongs to all
- Received by faith
- Requires patience
These 2 anonymous disciples were sad that Jesus had not redeemed Israel. Jesus appeared to set them right. They indeed were redeemed! Jesus teaches them:
- He had to suffer
- The cross was necessary
- The Messiah Moses predicted
God’s word can burn on your heart like it burned on theirs.
Jesus had to ascend to heaven so that confidence would be put in the power and ministry of the Holy Spirit, not in the geographical presence of Jesus.