Summary of passage: Again, the Pharisees along with followers of Herod set out to trap Jesus. They asked him whether it is right to pay taxes to Caesar or not. If he said yes, then he’d lose his supporters. If he said no, he’d be arrested for breaking Roman law.
Of course, Jesus knew their evil intent and told them to give to Caesar what is Caesar’s and give to God what is God’s. The Pharisees and Herodians left, amazed.
That same day the Sadducees approached Jesus with a question. They asked him if a woman marries seven brothers because she is following Moses’ law of marrying the brothers when her husband dies, whose wife will she be at the resurrection?
Jesus told them they had it wrong. At the resurrection there will be no marriage and everyone will be like the angels in heaven. God is the God of the living, not the dead.
3a) Most Jews hated paying the taxes (who does?) yet it was Roman law to pay taxes. They were trying to either alienate Jesus’ followers if he said pay them (which would put Rome above God in the minds of the Jews) or get him thrown in jail if he said don’t pay them, which would be undermining Roman authority.
b) Questions on abortion, gay marriage, divorce, adultery, etc.
c) You owe Caesar (or the government) everything you owe God because God has established the government and rebelling against the government means rebelling against God. Thus, you owe both taxes, revenue, respect, and honor.
4a) They do not know the Scriptures or the power of God.
b) It is the source of a lot of sin in this world. A lot of unbelief. A lot of misinformation. And tragically a lot of unsaved lives.
5a) Luke says believers are God’s children and will be resurrected. God is the God of the living and even Moses knew the dead would rise.
b) Personal Question. My answer: That my permanent home is with God, living.
Conclusions: I think we started out strong and petered out in the end. I like the Romans passage since it is very apropos with tax season being upon us. 4b was way too broad. The answers are infinite so I kept it simple by summing it up with sin, which covers a lot of the infinite.
I didn’t get much out of the resurrection bit probably because I believe in it. I did find it interesting how Luke said Moses knew he’d be resurrected. It makes me wonder just how much Moses did know and how cool it would be to be that close to God. Can you imagine?
End Notes: The religious leaders are now trying their best to trap Jesus. They flatter Jesus, hoping he wouldn’t see through it. The Jewish people were strongly against this tax as Rome was pagan and therefore they thought had no right to demand it from them. It would be a sign of submission when only God was worthy of submission. Our soul is God’s and everything material is Caesar’s.
The Sadducees did not believe in the Resurrection. They only believed in the first 5 books of the Bible (the Torah). They were the wealthy, aristocratic class but small in number. Their question was meant to show how ridiculous the idea of resurrection is by the ridiculousness of the scenario. Deuteronomy 25:5-10 is the law the Sadducees are referring to.
The Sadducees did not understand the Scriptures. They knew what it said but had no idea what it meant. Nor did they embrace anything unseen. Hence, they didn’t believe God could do the unseen.
Jesus points out that life in heaven will be different than life here on earth. He specifically uses the angels because the Sadducees didn’t believe in angels and Jesus uses Moses who is in the Torah to make his points.
By God using the present tense, “I am the God of Abraham” instead of the past tense “I was the God of Abraham”, this means that Abraham is still alive. Hence, Abraham is resurrected.