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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 23, Day 2: Matthew 22:15-33

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 22:15-33

The Pharisees continue to try to trip Jesus up with words. They ask him if it is right to pay taxes to Caesar. Of course, Jesus knows they are trying to trip him up. Instead, he asks for a denarius. On the denarius is a portrait of Caesar, so Jesus said give to Caesar what is his and give to God what is His.

Next, the Sadducees try to trip up Jesus. They ask him that at the resurrection, whose wife will a woman be who married all of the brothers because it was their duty to marry her. The Sadducees believe there is no resurrection. Jesus said at the resurrection there is no marriage. They will be like angels in heaven and be living.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 23, Day 2: Matthew 22:15-33

3) The Pharisees continue to try to trip Jesus up with words. They ask him if it is right to pay taxes to Caesar. They think that if Jesus answers to pay the taxes, he will alienate many Jews. If he advocates to not pay taxes, he could go to jail for breaking Roman law.

4a) Jesus knows they are trying to trip him up, so he won’t satisfy them.

b) We must submit ourselves to governing authorities, so we must pay taxes since they are our elected officials chosen by God. To God, we owe our lives, but more than that, our service and our love.

5a) The Sadducees ask Jesus that at the resurrection, whose wife will a woman be who married all of the brothers because it was their duty to marry her.

b) They don’t know the Scriptures or the Power of God. At the resurrection, we will all be living and marriage won’t exist.

6) It reveals how Jesus knows our hearts and intentions and talks about the deeper issues. He knows the Pharisees and the Sadducees are trying to trip him up, so he responds appropriately. I was not really surprised or amazed. Jesus is all-knowing, so his actions make sense to me.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 23, Day 2: Matthew 22:15-33

You can tell the Pharisees and the Sadducees don’t understand who Jesus is; if they did, they would know he wouldn’t fall into their trap. Jesus gives them many opportunities to repent. They do not.

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 23, Day 2: Matthew 22:15-33

You know it’s serious when the Pharisees are working together with the Herodians (most likely pagan Romans).

Note they compliment Jesus first, hoping to take his guard down.

They think that if Jesus answers to pay the taxes, Jesus could be accused of denying God’s sovereignty. If he advocates to not pay taxes, he would be an enemy of Rome.

There were many taxes in Judea imposed by Rome. This scene is referring to the poll tax, which is a denarius a year that everyone has to pay.

Jesus shows he is in control. God is superior over all, but government handles local and national affairs.

Fear God. Honor the king. (1 Peter 2:17)

Christians have the image of God stamped on them. We belong to God, so we are to give ourselves to Him. We belong to Him. Jesus makes it clear that there is a separation between church and state here.

The Sadducees

The Sadducees were a small group of wealthy, aristocratic elite who only believed in the first five books of Moses and even then they picked and choose what to believe in. They were more politial than religious, and with the demise of the temple in 70 AD, they disappeared as a political party. They are only mentioned by name in the New Testament about a dozen times, but when chief priests are mentioned, this referred to them, too.

The Sadducees did not believe in resurrection, as the ridiculousness of this question shows. While the premise is true that if a married man died childless, it fell to his brother to marry the widow  Deuteronomy 25:5-10, which is known as levirate marriage. Levir is a Latin word meaning “brother-in-law.”

These highly learned men did not know the Scriptures or the Power of God. God can raise people from the dead, and as Paul says, you can have Biblical knowledge, but not understand the Bible. (2 Timothy 1:13).

Jesus tells them that life in resurrection is now what we know life on earth. Jesus says angels are in heaven, meaning they are real, which the Sadducees do not believe.

In the Bible, angles are always male. (Genesis 18:216Genesis 19:1-11)

Jesus uses the patriarches of the Old Testament since that is the only part of the Bible that the Sadducees believed in. Jesus quotes God as saying, “I am,” not “I was.” This shows they are still living and God is the God of the living.

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 4: Matthew 21:33-46

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 21:33-46

Jesus tells the Parable of the Tenants. A landowner rented out his vineyard. When it was time to collect the rent, he sent his servants to do so. The tenants beat one servant, killed another, and stoned a third. The landowner sent other servants who were treated the same way. Finally, he sent his son who was killed, too. Jesus asks what will the landowner do when he goes to his tenants. The response is he will kill them and rent out the land to others.

Jesus said that the stone that was rejected will be the capstone, quoting Psalm 18:22-23. He says the kingdom of God will be taken from them (the priests and teachers of the law) and given to a people who will produce fruit (Gentiles). The chief priests wanted to arrest Jesus but couldn’t because everyone saw him as a prophet.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 4: Matthew 21:33-46

10) The landowner is God. The tenants is Israel. The servants are the Old Testament prophets. The heir is Jesus. The vineyard is the land of Israel.

11a) Jesus is the cornerstone of Christianity. Faith in Jesus is the key to the kingdom of heaven. 1 Corinthians 1:23 says Jesus is a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles. Jesus is the stumbling stone to many to God. Those who reject Jesus will never gain the kingdom of heaven, which is Jesus’s message to the religious leaders. Those who accept Jesus (the Gentiles in Jesus’s parable) will bear fruit and gain heaven.

b) Every way. People reject Jesus’s message in every aspect of their lives, picking and choosing what to believe and what not to believe.

12) It makes life harder, that’s for sure. When people don’t do the right thing.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 4: Matthew 21:33-46

The message is one of how without Jesus, you are lost and do harm to others indiscriminately like how the religious leaders are persecuting and will kill Jesus. There are severe consequences for doing so.

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End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 4: Matthew 21:33-46

The belief of the tenants was if they killed the heir, then they would be able to take over the vineyard for themselves. Instead, the owner would judge and destroy them.

The Old Testament uses the vineyard to represent Israel  (Deuteronomy 32:32Psalm 80:8Jeremiah 2:21, and especially Isaiah 5:1-7).

Note how the owner (God) expects his son (Jesus) to be respected. Instead, the Son is killed. (a foretelling of his own death).

The message to the chief priests is clear — they can expect severe judgment for rejecting Jesus. The leaders have shown no fruit.

Leadership would now be given to the apostles and eventually to the Church (both Jewish and Gentiles).

Jesus asks the leaders if they’ve ever read the Scriptures. They are probably much offended by this since they obviously have.

The leaders answer to Jesus’s question has them condemning themselves.

Jesus is clearly laying out the consequences of rejecting him, and he is telling them that he is the chief cornerstone from Psalm 118.

We see the cornerstone here, too:  Daniel 2:3444-45 Isaiah 8:13-15  Isaiah 28:16,

Jesus is telling the leaders to expect to lose their leadership to others. You can either be broken by submission to God or broken by judgment.

Jesus shows grace to the leaders by giving them multiple opportunities to come to him. Instead, the reject him and kill him.

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 21, Day 4: Matthew 21:1-11

map of jesus enters jerusalem www.atozmomm.comSUMMARY OF MATTHEW 21:1-11

As Jesus and his disciples approached Jerusalem, they came to Bethphage on the Mount of Olives. He sent two disciples ahead to borrow a donkey and her colt. This fulfilled the prophecy of Zechariah 9:9 that the king will come riding on a donkey. The disciples brought the donkey and colt and placed their cloaks on them. Jesus sat on them. A crowd spread their cloaks on the road, while others cut branches and put them on the road.

The crowds shouted, “Hosannah,” or “save” in Hebrew. Jesus entered Jerusalem, and the crowds proclaimed him as he entered.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 21, Day 4: Matthew 21:1-11

10a) That Jesus knew ahead of time what others would ask so he told the disciples what to say.

b) This fulfills prophecy

11a) The crowds: A crowd spread their cloaks on the road, while others cut branches and put them on the road. The crowds shouted, “Hosannah,” or “save” in Hebrew. They understood who Jesus was, and the crowds proclaimed him as he entered.

The disciples: We are not told what the disciples were doing when Jesus enters Jerusalem. Presumably walking by his side.

b) Jesus comes humble on a donkey. He makes no fanfare of his own. He goes to his destiny willingly.

12) I love how every moment is choreographed like an exquisite dance. Jesus is the center in a simple, powerful way.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 21, Day 4: Matthew 21:1-11

The crowds here make this scene powerful. It’s as if most everyone realizes what a moment this is.

Insanely good movie.

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 21, Day 4: Matthew 21:1-11

Jesus enters Jerusalm publically, embracing what is to come.

Jesus rode on the colt. Mark and Luke tell us the colt had never been ridden. (Mark 11:2) Yet, it is calm. The mother helps.

Jesus is fulfilling every bit of prophecy. (Daniel 9:24-27).

A colt is what royalty rode in ancient times.  Judges 10:412:14. However, recently, royalthy had switched to riding horses, and donkeys had transitioned to creatures of burden by Jesus’s time.

The laying of clothes and branches is honoring Jesus and recognizing who he was.

Palms and branches wer ea symbol of victory and success.  1 Maccabees 13:51; 2 Maccabees 10:7; and Revelation 7:9

Hosanna is the crowd looking to Jesus to save them. We see this elsewhere in the Bible towards kings.  2 Samuel 14:4 and 2 Kings 6:26

We missed Jesus’s weaping over Jerusalem, as this was only reported in Luke (Luke 19:41-44).

Ironic that these same people who were begging for Jesus to save them would in a mere five days condemn him to death. Man is so fickle.

Note Jesus is still called “Jesus of Nazareth.”  (Matthew 2:23).

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 14, Day 5: Matthew 13:51-58

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 13:51-58

The disciples say they understand. Jesus says then they are like the owner of a house who brings out of his storeroom new and old treasures.

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http://www.thebiblejourney.org

Jesus then traveled to his hometown of Nazareth to teach. They were amazed by his wisdom and miraculous powers. They knew he was Mary’s son and his brothers were James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, and his sisters. The took offense because they couldn’t see how he could have these powers. Jesus told them he was without honor amongst those who knew him. Since they lacked faith, Jesus did not do many miracles there.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 14, Day 5: Matthew 13:51-58

11a) The responsibility to teach others.

b) The “old” treasures refer to the Old Testament laws and the “new” treasures refer to Jesus and the redemption he brings. Alternatively, you can think of this as the “old” as the truths and mysteries that Jesus (the “new”) fulfilled.

c) Having both the knowledge of the Old and the New Testament gives you a full picture of how to live your life on this side of heaven. The treasures God has given me is helping others through this medium know him. And, helping my family and those I know understand God’s Word, too.

12a) They took offense.

b) He did not do many miracles there because of their lack of faith.

c) Some people will never turn to the Lord no matter what they see or hear.

13) None, in truth.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 14, Day 5: Matthew 13:51-58

I always love the idea of old and new, like putting on your new self (Ephesians 4:22-24). It gives me hope when I sin that I can be new again.

Great resource!

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 14, Day 5: Matthew 13:51-58

The disciples say they understand, but how many times have you said you understood when in reality, you had no clue? More would be revealed as time goes on, which is how our journey in Christ looks, too. The more we know, the deeper we grow with God and the more we understand.

The parable of the household or homeowner is Jesus’s last parable of the kingdom of heaven.

You bring items out of a storeroom to share.

Since the disciples understand, they must now impart that knowledge to others. Teachers of the Word must understand so that the people do.

No one can believe a lowly carpenter’s son can do such things. He was a normal boy when they knew him.

We can infer that most people of extraordinary talent or ability are normal people.

Note how important belief is again in Jesus’s healing and helping others. You must believe if you are to be helped.

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Summer Bible Study: WordGo’s Study of Ruth: Week 3, Day 2: Ruth 3:1-4

SUMMARY OF RUTH 3:1-4

Naomi desires Ruth to be provided for. She tells her to go down to the threshing floor where he will be winnowing barley. Get all clean and washed and put on your best clothes. She tells her to note where Boaz lies down and then uncover his feet when he does and lie down at his feet. Boaz will then tell her what to do. Ruth agrees.

QUESTIONS FOR RUTH 3:1-4

3 ) Naomi desires Ruth to be provided for. The reward is that Ruth and her will be provided for if Boaz agrees to marry Ruth. The risk is that Ruths reputation could be tarnished by being there and that Boaz could become angry, reject her, and quite provided for the two women as he has been. 4 ) Naomi deeply cares about the well-being of her daughter-in-law. In addition, Ruth cares for and respects Naomi because she immediately agrees without question. She’s trusts Naomi’s wisdom and has faith in her. Furthermore, Ruth is willing to have Boaz as a husband so it shows she cares. 5 ) Someone whom you respect , you will listen to. Someone whom you don’t trust, you will take their advice with a grain of salt. Most people wouldn’t take any major risk on the advice of someone they don’t have faith in. Friendship, trust, and experience with that person matters , too.

CONCLUSIONS TO WORDGO RUTH 3: 1-4

I love how Naomi knows exactly what to do. If it weren’t for her, it may have taken a lot longer for Boaz to ask for marriage (if at all) because Ruth does not know the practices of God’s people. Great example too of someone taking the advice of their elders. So many young people don’t do that these days. Contact me if you have questions on the Ruth Bible study today!
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Summer Bible Study: WordGo’s Study of Hebrews: Week 3, Day 6: Hebrews 10:21-22

PASSAGE IN HEBREWS

“…and since we have a great priest over the house of God, let us draw near to God with a sincere heart and with the full assurance that faith brings…”

Hebrews 10:21-22

REFLECTION QUESTIONS FOR HEBREWS 10:21-22

15) God puts you where He wants you. Opportunities open up, and you walk through them.

16) “You need to persevere so that when you have done the will of God, you will recevie what he has promised.” Hebrews 10:36

CONCLUSIONS TO WEEK 3 OF WORDGO’S STUDY OF HEBREWS

Keep pushing is all I can do. Persevere, and keep faith and hope alive.

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Summer Bible Study: WordGo’s Study of Hebrews: Week 3, Day 5: Hebrews 8-10

REFLECTION QUESTIONS FOR HEBREWS 8-10

13) God’s intentions were from the beginning and were/are perfect. His story in the Bible is the story of the world. The Old Covenant was always meant to be temporary until Jesus came.

14) There’s always hope to find Jesus. Once unbelievers find him, all of their sins will be forgiven.

CONCLUSIONS TO WORDGO HEBREWS 8-10

Very powerful chapters showing Jesus as our High Priest, the one and only perfect sacrifice to take away our sins. Love the perseverance part.

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Summer Bible Study: WordGo’s Study of Hebrews: Week 2, Day 5: Hebrews 4:14-7

REFLECTION QUESTIONS FOR HEBREWS 4:14-7

13) God has everything perfectly planned from the beginning. Jesus has always been the plan, and we can take comfort in that, especially when events in the world happen that we don’t understand.

14) It matters because before Jesus the only way to God was via a priest. Since Jesus is the perfect and permanent priest, we can now have access to God directly.

CONCLUSIONS TO WORDGO HEBREWS 4:14-7

Admittedly, this passage was more relevant to first century Jews than to us. That being said, it still shows us the perfect plan of God and explains how Jesus is the final and only way to Him.

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Summer Bible Study: WordGo’s Study of Hebrews: Week 1, Day 2: Hebrews 2

SUMMARY OF HEBREWS 2:

The writer of Hebrews warns us to pay attention to what you hear so you don’t drift away from God. The salvation you need to hear by announced by God and confirmed by those that heard him. Plus, there were signs, wonders, and miracles to confirm it.

Everything was put under Jesus, including the angels and subject to him. Jesus is made perfect through suffering.

Jesus was made human so that he could share in their humanity. His death destroyed the devil’s power over them and freed them from the fear of death. Jesus became a merciful high priest to God to atone for humanity’s sins. He can help those who are tempted because Jesus was tempted, too.

QUESTIONS FOR HEBREWS 2:

4) Everything was put under Jesus, including the angels and subject to him. Jesus is made perfect through suffering.

Jesus was made human so that he could share in their humanity. His death destroyed the devil’s power over them and freed them from the fear of death. Jesus became a merciful high priest to God to atone for humanity’s sins. He can help those who are tempted because Jesus was tempted, too.

5) The writer of Hebrews warns us to pay attention to what you hear so you don’t drift away from God. The salvation you need to hear by announced by God and confirmed by those that heard him. Plus, there were signs, wonders, and miracles to confirm it. The consequences could result in punishments.

6) Fear I’ll not have enough time to accomplish God’s role for me here. Jesus has the power to defeat every sin. Trust in him.

CONCLUSIONS TO WORDGO HEBREWS 2

I love the book of Hebrews and am super excited to be reading it again. I love this passage about Jesus being like us for us. He did so much for us. Paying attention to him is what we need to do more of.