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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 6, Day 5: Matthew 5:38-48

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 5:38-48

Jesus says that previously an eye for an eye was the rule, meaning if someone did you harm, you do them harm back. However, Jesus says the opposite. If someone does you harm, do not resist them. Give and lend to those who ask.

Jesus says to love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you. Love and greet everyone. God handles the evil.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 6, Day 5: Matthew 5:38-48

11) To not retaliate and to not resist. He teaches to respond in kindness, to love your enemies, and pray for those that persecute you.

12a) Most people want revenge and retaliation when they have been wronged. It can consume them.

b) Unsure. Unsure if I’m persecuted or if I have enemies.

13a) My goal is to strive to be like Jesus. Obviously, we can’t be perfect, but it’s a goal nevertheless. And goals are good things to have.

b) Galations 5:16 says to live by the Spirit and you won’t gratify the desires of a sinful nature. Ephesians 4:22-24 tells us to put on our new selves in Christ. Philippians 2:12-13 says that it is God who works in you for his purposes. The idea of “being perfect” is just to do good in your life and in others’. Use the power of Jesus to do so.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 6, Day 5: Matthew 5:38-48

I had not remembered Jesus’s call to be perfect here. While I love shooting for goals, this is one we all will never reach. However, getting better every day is a good goal to have.

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 6, Day 5: Matthew 5:38-48

You’ll find “an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth” here (Exodus 21:24). This command had been corrupted over time, which is why Jesus is clarifying it here. He says to let God be our defender when people insult us or do us wrong. Should you resist evil? Yes. However, the everyday slights and offenses shoulbe let go immediately and ignored. You just give it weight when you respond.

Jesus is using the slap here to mean insult. Obviously, if someone hits you, you defend yourself.

The cloak here is confusing. It’s referring to a Law that says that the outer cloak you were wearing could not be taken (Exodus 22:26Deuteronomy 24:13).

Going the extra mile in Jesus’s time referred to the fact that Roman soldiers could command a Jew to carry their pack for one mile. This is where our saying comes from that now means to go above and beyond expectation. Read more HERE

Love Your Neighbor

Love your neighbor is an ancient Mosaic law (Leviticus 19:18). However, the teachers of the time were adding on to hate your enemies. The Bible never says this. Instead, Jesus says love your enemies who are our neighbors, too. Respond to your enemies in love, which is what God would do.

Christians are called to be better than others because of the power of the Holy Spirit. Our responses speak volumes about our relationship with God.

To be perfect, we need God’s righteouness (Romans 3:21-22) Keeping God’s laws makes up righteous.

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 6, Day 4: Matthew 5:31-37

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 5:31-37

Jesus says that the only reason for divorce is unfaithfulness. Otherwise, if you divorce, if you remarry, you will be committing adultery. Jesus says there is not a need for an oath at all since your word should be strong enough.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 6, Day 4: Matthew 5:31-37

9a) Jesus says that the only reason for divorce is unfaithfulness. Otherwise, if you divorce, if you remarry, you will be committing adultery. Mark adds that Moses permitted divorce and a certificate of divorce because their hearts were hard.

b ) Believers can work hard to not divorce for frivolous reasons such as “irreconcilable differences.” However, divorce is a part of this broken world, and supporting others who have been through it is crucial. It is not for us to judge; it’s for us to love.

10a) You do not need to swear an oath ever.

b ) Society has developed white lies in order to spare people’s feelings. It’s important to do this; however, it’s important to be truthful in serious situations.

c ) God.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 6, Day 4: Matthew 5:31-37

Jesus makes it clear that man and woman were supposed to stay together forever. However, there are legitimate reasons to divorce. Jesus says only for unfaithfulness. I believe abuse is another reason. Either way, divorce is a result of this broken world and broken people, and we all are broken. I remember the times when BSF would not allow a divorced woman to be a leader. I’m glad they changed this rule. This, in and of itself, was judgement. If you have a heart for God and want to share it, do so, whether you are divorced or not.

Great book to help you through tough times.

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 6, Day 4: Matthew 5:31-37

The certificate of divorce is found here (Deuteronomy 24:1). Many men were divorcing their wives for frivolous reasons. Deuteronomy says that you may divorce if one is unclean. People were streteching this interpretation at this time. Jesus clarifies that “unclean” means committing adultery.

Remember the times Jesus lived in. It was common for the Romans to be unfaithful outside their marriage with no repercussions.

(Exodus 20:7) tells us to not take the Lord’s name in vain. Here, Jesus tells us that every oath you take is by God and must be honored. Jesus says that your word is good enough so you don’t need to swear an oath. That being said, we see oaths in the Bible, even by God himself. Hebrews 6:13 and Luke 1:73, in a court of law Matthew 26:63-64 and more Romans 1:92 Corinthians 1:23Galatians 1:202 Thessalonians 2:5.

Oaths are allowed just are not needed.

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BSF 7-Day Challenge: Day 7 — Returning to Israel: Matthew 2:19-23

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 2:19-23

An angel of the Lord appeared again to Joseph after Herod had died and told them to return to Israel. Archelaus, Herod’s son, followed Herod on the throne of Judea. Joseph was afraid to return. Joseph was warned in a dream so he went to Galilee to a town called Nazareth, fulfilling the prophecy of Jesus being called a Nazarene.

QUESTIONS FOR BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 7: RETURNING TO ISRAEL: MATTHEW 2:19-23

1 ) Archelaus, Herod’s son, followed Herod on the throne of Judea. Joseph was afraid to return. Consequently, Joseph was warned in a dream so he went to Galilee to a town called Nazareth, fulfilling the prophecy of Jesus being called a Nazarene.

2 ) The Bible foretold the King would come from Nazareth.

3 ) In truth, all of us come from unexpected places since no place is truly more significant than another. Anything good can come from anywhere.

4 ) In every way. God has always guided me and protected me throughout all of the events of my life.

CONCLUSIONS TO BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 7: RETURNING TO ISRAEL: MATTHEW 2:19-23

God draws us to Him one step at a time. The journey of our faith doesn’t happen by leaps and bounds; it’s in the little faithful doings when we say “Yes, Lord” when we grow until one day, we are His.

COMMENTARY TO BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 7: RETURNING TO ISRAEL: MATTHEW 2:19-23

God and Jesus’s glory will never be snuffed out. If you continue on God’s path, yours won’t either. Take his hand, and walk with him today!

Thank you for joining me in this 7-Day Challenge! I hope you feel very prepared to continue with our study of Matthew throughout this year and feel ready to grow with God as we follow Jesus’s growth! It is all about Him!

Other short studies of BSF HERE

Contact me with questions today!

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BSF 7-Day Challenge: Day 6 — Escape to Egypt: Matthew 2:13-18

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 2:13-18

An angel of the Lord appears to Joseph and tells him to go to Egypt for Herod is searching for Jesus to kill him.  Mary, Joseph, and Jesus all fled in the middle of the night. They stayed there until Herod died. Herod had all of the boys in Bethlehem and the surrounding area under the age of 2 killed in an effort to kill Jesus. Hosea prophesied this.

QUESTIONS FOR BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 6: ESCAPE TO EGYPT: MATTHEW 2:13-18

1 ) The threat to his crown

2 ) God sends an angel of the Lord to protect Jesus and his family. Joseph obeyed immediately, fleeing in the middle of the night. When God calls, you answer. There is no room for hesitancy.

3 ) God’s people frequently flees to Egypt for protection, like during the famine. This is for protection and survival. Jesus will redeed us from sin like Moses did the ancient Israelites when he led them out of Egypt to the Promised Land. Hosea predicted this so this shows the legitimacy of the Bible.

4 ) Killing innocent children.

5 ) Proverbs 21:30 “There is no wisdom, no insight, no plan that can succeed against the Lord.” The insecurity of my future. Nothing happens without God and it being in his plan.

CONCLUSIONS TO BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 6: ESCAPE TO EGYPT: MATTHEW 2:13-18

I don’t remember this either. It amazes me to what lengths mankind will go to to try to circumvent God. They lose every time.

COMMENTARY TO BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 6: ESCAPE TO EGYPT: MATTHEW 2:13-18

Joseph, Mary, and Jesus fled 225 miles to Egypt. This was a long journey in ancient times, which shows again that God doesn’t usually take the easy way. In fact, God often uses ordinary means. Herod’s fear turns to murdering children. God weeps for them.

We should expect opposition to as we follow Jesus. Instead of lamenting it, use God’s strength to grow stronger in faith and overcome. Contact me with questions!

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BSF 7-Day Challenge: Day 5 — Magi Visit the King: Matthew 2:9-12

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 2:9-12

The Magi went on their way after talking to King Herod. They followed the star until they saw where it had stopped over the place where Jesus was. They saw Jesus with Mary and worshipped him. The Magi gave Jesus gifts of gold, incense, and myrrh. They did not report back to Herod (having been warned in a dream), so they returned home a different way.

QUESTIONS FOR BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 5: MAGI VISIT THE KING: MATTHEW 2:9-12

1 ) The Magi followed the star until they saw where it had stopped over the place where Jesus was. God wanted to make it clear who the real King was to them. God is gracious, indeed.

2 ) You should go to great lengths to worship Jesus and God. The Magis traveled very far on a long journey to see this King and give him gifts and worship. You and I, too, should go to great lengths to worship him, too.

3 ) Remembering all that Jesus did for me, all of my blessings, and praising him for those blessings and my life.

4 ) The Magi were warned in a dream to not go back to Herod. This ensured Herod would not find Jesus and kill him.

CONCLUSIONS TO BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 5: MAGI VISIT THE KING: MATTHEW 2:9-12

This is a great example of ignoring what your leaders tell you when it puts others in harm’s way. Also, this is a great example of going out of your way to worship the One, True King.

COMMENTARY TO BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 5: MAGI VISIT THE KING: MATTHEW 2:9-12

Note God’s control over the entire situation (every situation, in fact), as well as his control over Herod. He guides the Magi to the precise location of Jesus. They worship him with expensive gifts. God sends a dream (one of five dreams in Matthew 1-2) that will protect Jesus from the Enemy.

God is great and actively working in your life. Seek Him today!

Contact me with questions!

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BSF 7-Day Challenge: Day 4 — Following the Star: Matthew 2:1-8

It’s not too late to join our study! Download HERE

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 2:1-8

During the time of King Herod, Jesus was born. Magi came from the east to Jerusalem looking for the king of the Jews to worship him. King Herod heard about the birth of Jesus and was disturbed. He knew Jesus would be born in Judah in Bethlehem as Micah had foretold.

Herod found out from the Magi the exact time the star had appeared and then told them to report back to him where Jesus was so that he could worship him, too.

QUESTIONS FOR BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 4: FOLLOWING THE STAR: MATTHEW 2:1-8

1 ) The Magi heard that the king of the Jews was born and went to find him to worship him. King Herod was disturbed at the news of the birth of the Messiah and secretly planned to find out where Jesus was from the Magi.

2 ) Skepticism. Belief. Cherry-picking the parts that work and don’t work.

3 ) By sending challenges my way, as well as victories.

CONCLUSIONS TO BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 4: FOLLOWING THE STAR: MATTHEW 2:1-8

I don’t remember this part of Matthew’s account! How King Herod used the Magi to discover where Jesus was. King Herod was a weak man and a weak ruler. He was threatened by the birth of Jesus and probably harbored nefarious inklings towards Jesus. No one had a problem killing infants in ancient times. No doubt that was on Herod’s mind.

COMMENTARY TO BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 4: FOLLOWING THE STAR: MATTHEW 2:1-8

While there are many questions surrounding the Magi, such as who they were, were exactly did they come from, and why would they even care about the King of the Jews being born, Matthew focuses on the facts. Magi arrived from the east looking to worship the King of the Jews. They followed a star to find him (another question that Bible scholars cannot answer. What kind of star? And how did the Magi know to follow it?). Regardless, you have a foreign trip seeking to worship the One, True King. This shows God’s inclusion into His plan for the world.

Herod was one of many “Herods” in the Bible. They were the ruling dynasty that reigned over the Jews during the time of the Roman Empire. Obviously, he wanted to keep power, and the birth of a foretold king did not help the situation. He would do anything he could to snuff out Jesus’s life, including use the Magis.

Fun Fact: Matthew is the only one of the four Gospels that tell the tale of the Magi. This beloved part of the Christmas story holds more significance than just gifts — it shows how God always intended for Jesus to be for everyone. Contact me today!

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BSF 7-Day Challenge: Day 3 — God’s Plan for Mary: Luke 1:26-38

SUMMARY OF LUKE 1:26-38

Luke records how the angel of God reassured Mary, too. We are told that the angel, Gabriel, went to Nazareth in Galilee to a virgin named Mary. Gabriel told Mary that the Lord was with her and that she is highly favored. However, Mary was afraid, but the angel said that God has favored her and chosen her to bear His son to be named Jesus. He will inherit the throne of David and will reign over God’s people for eternity.

The Holy Spirit will come upon her. Her relative, Elizabeth, will have a child (John the Baptist) in her old age for nothing is impossible with God. “I am the Lord’s servant,” Mary answered, and the angel left.

QUESTIONS FOR BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 3: GOD’S PLAN FOR MARY: LUKE 1:26-38

1 ) Gabriel told her that the Lord was with her and that she is highly favored. The angel said that God has favored her and chosen her to bear His son to be named Jesus. He will inherit the throne of David and will reign over God’s people for eternity. The Holy Spirit will come upon her. Her relative, Elizabeth, will have a child (John the Baptist) in her old age for nothing is impossible with God.

2 ) The Holy Spirit. Because it is God’s child, his Son, the Savior of the World.

3 ) “I am the Lord’s servant,” Mary answered. “May it be as you have said,” she told the angel Gabriel upon hearing she would bear God’s Son.

4 ) How I can see everything working in my life that He planned, not me. To impact my little corner of the world as He sees fit. Everything has come to this moment.

CONCLUSIONS TO BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 3: GOD’S PLAN FOR MARY: LUKE 1:26-38

I asked myself when reading Mary’s reply to the angel, “Is that how I respond to God when He calls?” I doubt it because I am usually the type that goes kicking and screaming to what God wants. In addition, I love how God reassures Mary that this is His will and she accepts without question. This is my prayer for you and for me.

angel gabriel in Luke 1:26-38 www.atozmomm.com

COMMENTARY TO BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 3: GOD’S PLAN FOR MARY: LUKE 1:26-38

Curiously enough, no writer of the Old Testament ever mentioned the town of Nazareth. This tells you how insignificant it truly was. Until this moment when God chooses the human parents of Jesus, Mary and Joseph. They live in Nazareth. Here, we get the term “Jesus of Nazarth” plus the Nazarenes, or followers of Jesus.

One could say we are all favored, blessed, and have the Lord in the form of the Holy Spirit with us.

Mary’s mind turns to the practical when asking how she will have a baby when she has never had sex. Does this show a lack of faith? No. It simply is a question that most of us would ask. How will this happen?

“Overshadow” has the same meaning as cover with a cloud what God appeared in (Exodus 16:1019:924:1634:540:34) and when Jesus was transfigured (Matthew 17:5Mark 9:7Luke 9:34). The cloud is God or the Holy Spirit.

The example of Elizabeth strengthened Mary’s faith in the the angel’s words.

Mary will face scrutiny from man for her pregnancy. Yet, God’s words are stronger.

Fun Fact: Note in no other culture does a virgin birth occur.

Contact me with questions!

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BSF 7-Day Challenge: Day 2 — God Reassures Joseph: Matthew 1:18-25

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 1:18-25

Mary became pregnant while betrothed to Joseph. Joseph, knowing that he was not the father, wanted to divorce Mary but in a quiet way. An angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph as he slept and reassured him that Mary is faithful. Mary’s child she carries is from the Holy Spirit and is to be named Jesus, meaning “the Lord saves.” This fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah in Isaiah 7:14.

Joseph believed the angel. He took Mary as his wife but did not lie with her until after the birth of Jesus.

QUESTIONS FOR BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 2: GOD REASSURES JOSEPH: MATTHEW 1:18-25

1 ) Joseph’s immediate thought was to divorce Mary, but he cared for her, so he was willing to do it quietly so she would not be disgraced.

2 ) An angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph as he slept and reassured him that Mary is faithful. Mary’s child is from the Holy Spirit and is to be named Jesus, meaning “the Lord saves.” This fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah in Isaiah 7:14.

3 ) Jesus and Immanuel. Jesus is the Greek form of Joshua, meaning “the Lord saves” or “Yahweh is Salvation.” Immanuel means “God with us.” While Joshua saved his people from marauders in the Promised Land, Jesus would save his people for all of eternity.

4 ) Joseph believed the angel. He did not divorce Mary. Instead, he took Mary as his wife but did not lie with her until after the birth of Jesus.

CONCLUSIONS TO BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 2: GOD REASSURES JOSEPH: MATTHEW 1:18-25

It was so important to tell Joseph that Mary was caring Jesus that God sent an angel to do so. After all, this is the son of God. If Joseph had decided to go ahead and divorce Mary, she would have been disgraced. This would have jeopardized the life and livelihood of Mary and Jesus’s stature would have been forever marked at illegitimate. Plus, it would serve to discredit Mary’s story that her baby was from God.

God chose Mary and Joseph to be the earthly mother and father of Jesus for a reason. God had to make sure both parents would raise Jesus.

COMMENTARY TO BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 2: GOD REASSURES JOSEPH: MATTHEW 1:18-25

Having Jesus come from a divorced family would have been akin to a social outcast in the time of ancient Israel. This was not in God’s plan. Mary and Joseph were Godly people, and God needed both to achieve his mission. God left no room for Jospeh to doubt his course: to marry Mary. Would this end sociatal suspicion? No. But it would guarantee Jesus’s parents. That was what mattered to God.

Remember that Joseph is the direct relative to King David. Mary is a direct relative through Nathan, David’s son. So, it was crucial that Joseph be the father in order to preserve Jesus’s credibility as the chosen king in the eyes of the Jewish people. We see Jesus’s human genealogy next to his divine conception and incarnation on earth as Immanuel. This sets the stage for Jesus’s growth and work that would lead to the cross. Brilliance by Matthew and his divine inspiration.

What Do We Learn?

We learn that following God’s will is not easy. We learn that God provides us with all that we need to follow his will. All we have to do is TRUST and FOLLOW. Contact me with questions!

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BSF 7-Day Challenge: Day 1 — The Genealogy of Jesus: Matthew 1:1-17

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 1:1-17

Matthew lists the genealogy of Jesus in these 17 verses. You’ll find a mix of characters here, from prostitutes, such as Rahab to kings, such as David and Solomon.  Most of the names are simply that — names of people whom the Bible does not talk about. However, God chose all to be a relative of Jesus. How cool is that?

Consider that there were 14 generations from Abraham to David, from David to the time of the Babylonian exile, and from the exile to the Messiah. Why the number 14? Matthew leaves out generations in order to create this numeric lineup. The letters of the Hebrew alphabet represented numbers, too. The letters in David’s name add up to 14, which is used to show that Jesus was the son of David, but also that Jesus is greater than David.

QUESTIONS FOR BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 1: THE GENEALOGY OF JESUS: MATTHEW 1:1-17

1 ) It was super important in the Jewish culture at that time to know that Jesus, the son of God, came from those whom God chosen, including Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and David, and that he was of royal birth as the King of Kings. It lent credibility to the fact that Jesus was indeed the Messiah of the world as it proved Jesus’s royal line.

2 )

Tamar — Genesis 38

  • Tamar disguised herself as a prostitute to lay with Judah, her father-in-law. This was because Judah would not give her his son as her husband as he was required to do by law.

Rahab — Joshua 2; 6:17

  • Rahab hid the spies sent by Joshua from the king of Jericho and so only her and her family was spared when Jericho was conquered. She turned away from her gods to the One, True God and was rewarded for it. She then married Salmon and became a direct relative of Jesus.

Ruth — Ruth 1; 4:13-17

  • Ruth was a Moabitess who accompanied Naomi, her mother-in-law back to Bethlehem when her husband had died. She faithfully provided for Naomi, garnering the attention of Boaz, her kinsman-redeemer. They were married, and the rest is history.

“Wife of Uriah” — 2 Samuel 11; 12:15, 18, 24

  • The wife of Uriah was Bathsheba. David committed adultery with her, and she ended up conceiving. However, this child died as punishment for David’s adultery. The next son that was born was Solomon.

Mary — Luke 1:26-56

  • God chose Mary to bear Jesus who was miraculously conceived.

3 ) None of these women are perfect. Tamar used deceit to conceive. Rahab was a prostitute. Ruth was a foreigner. Bathsheba committed adultery. Mary was a virgin. They all tell of how God uses whom he chooses for his purposes.

CONCLUSIONS TO BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 1: THE GENEALOGY OF JESUS: MATTHEW 1:1-17

It feels good to dig into Matthew, doesn’t it? I’m seeing a list of people God chose who are all of different backgrounds, who are all imperfect, but who all fit his plan. This is us today — imperfect, different, and doing his purpose for our lives.

COMMENTARY TO BSF 7-DAY CHALLENGE DAY 1: THE GENEALOGY OF JESUS: MATTHEW 1:1-17

The fact that Matthew even mentions women at all breaks with ancient culture since women were of no value beyond wives back then. The five women are important. Three have Gentile backgrounds. One is a widow of a Gentile. And Mary was a virgin. This serves to prove God’s faithfulness to his people to bring forth a Savior as He promised and his mercy and grace to forgive. Jesus identifies with sinners and brings women to a place of importance from here on out.

Matthew has always been the first book in the New Testament. Many ancient Jews believed Matthew to have been written first, although most Bible scholars disagree with that today. It transitions well from the end of the Old Testament. It is Jewish-focused, proving that Jesus came from the Son of David and from Abraham. Those that Matthew leaves out he does so for a reason — most were wicked and cursed and posed problems that Matthew did not want the Jewish people to be hung up on. Plus, genealogies of the time frequently left geneations out.

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BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 28, Day 5: Genesis 48:15-22

Summary of Genesis 48:15-22:

Jacob/Israel blesses Joseph. Joseph tried to move his father’s hands, being displeased that Jacob had switched the order. Jacob refused, saying Ephraim would be greater than Manasseh. Jacob told Joseph that God would be with him, take him back to his fathers, and he gives him the ridge of land he took from the Amorites.

BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 28, Day 5: Genesis 48:15-22

13a) God is the God of Abraham and Isaac, has been his shepherd, and now may the boys be called by the names of Abraham and Isaac, too.

b) God has led him his entire life. To find his wife, Rachel, and now back to Joseph.

14) Jacob knows more than Joseph and he tells him so.

15) He used COVID-19 to move us so we can start a new life.

16) God would be with him, take him back to his fathers, and he gives him the ridge of land he took from the Amorites. Jacob believed God enough to switch the blessing and tell Joseph he would be taken back to Canaan too when he died.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 28, Day 5: Genesis 48:15-22

Cruised through this lesson till I got here. This one is most definitely difficult to interpret because it involves God’s ways and not ours.

End Notes BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 28, Day 5: Genesis 48:15-22

By Jacob blessing Joseph’s sons, he is blessing Joseph as well. Ephraim would be the greater tribe and that name was even used occasionally to refer to all of the northern portion of Israel.Isaiah 7:87:17, and 11:13).

Fun Fact: We see the first time God as a shepherd is used in the Bible.

We see here that firstborn is more meaning first in position rather than a direct connection. For I am a Father to Israel, and Ephraim is My firstborn (Jeremiah 31:9).

David was the youngest son as well. (1 Samuel 16:11 and Psalm 89:27).

Jesus was firstborn, but he was not created. (Colossians 1:15),

We see the last of the three patriarchs dying.

Joseph is now one portion above his brothers since his two sons each got a portion. On maps of the 12 tribes of Jacob, you will see that Joseph’s name has been left out, replaced by his two sons.

This Amorite land is not recorded in Scripture as being taken. Joseph’s descendants will see this land.

Spurgeon called Joseph the best picture of Jesus in the Bible. Indeed, there are many similarities. The highlights are here:

  • Both were hated and rejected
  • Both were condemned
  • Both were sold
  • Both were falsely accused
  • Both were betrayed
  • Both were given a Gentile bride
  • Both began their life’s work at the age of 30
  • Both blessed the world
  • Both saved the world

The firstborn normally receives the priesthood, the kingship, and the double inheritance. Here, Jacob’s 11th son, Joseph, receives the double inheritance. His 4th son, Judah, receives the kingship via the Messiah, and Levi, his 3rd son, gets the priesthood.

Jacob led a blessed life, indeed. He embraces his stages in life and made the most of them.