map of olivet discourse map of mount of olives

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 5: Matthew 26:36-46


Jesus and the disciples went to the Garden of Gethesmane. He told them to wait while he went and prayed. He took Peter and the two sons of Zebedee (James and John) with him. He become sorrowful and troubled. He then left them, asking them to keep watch, and stepped further away. He prayed on his face to God to take the cup from him if it was God’s will.

He returned to his disciples who were sleeping. He chastized them for not keeping watch. He told them to watch and pray so they don’t fall into temptation.

He went away again and prayed to God to take the cup from him. He found them sleeping a second time. Then Jesus went a third time, praying the same prayer. He returned to his disciples, saying he is betrayed into the hands of sinners.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 5: Matthew 26:36-46

10a) His sorrow for humanity and all of their sins. It’s a big burden to carry all of that weight on your shoulders. His sorrow for his own death, pain, and suffering.

b) He prayed on his face, asking God, “My Father, if it is possible, may this cup be taken form me. Yet, not as I will, but as you will.”

c) He chastized them for not keeping watch and not praying so they don’t fall into temptation. Basically, he has but hours to live and his closest friends are sleeping them away.

11) He asked to not go through this, but he said only if it was God’s will. He knew it was God’s will, and he knew his destiny. He accepts it willingly, but not without remorse.

12a) Although we may not like God’s will for our lives, it is His will, so we must accept it and move forward.

b) Thank you, Jesus, for taking my sin on your shoulders and carrying it for me so I may live forever in your kingdom free from sin.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 5: Matthew 26:36-46

I did not remember that Jesus checked on his disciples three times and that he prayed the same prayer three times afterward. Love this! Even though Jesus asked three times, God answered by confirming Jesus’s destiny. So good!

map of bethany and temple in jerusalem

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 5: Matthew 26:36-46

Gethsemane is east of the temple mount area in Jerusalem and on the lower slopes of the Mount of Olives. The town was surrounded by olive trees, and Gethsemane means “olive press,” indicating the vast importance of the olive to this region.

Here, Jesus is sorrowful, in part due to the physical pain he was about to suffer, but he was also sorrowful of carrying the entire world’s sin on his shoulders.  Luke 22:43 says that angels came and ministered to Jesus in the garden. He is about to face a spiritual battle, and he keeps Peter, James, and John with him.

If there were any other way for mankind to be saved, God would never have sent His one and only Son to die as he did. Thus, it is not possible.

The cup of judgment is a symbol for God’s wrath and judgment used in the Old Testament. (Psalm 75:8)  (Isaiah 51:17)  (Jeremiah 25:15)

Jesus would bear God’s wrath; this is what he is most sorrowful about. He is about to be separated from God, His Father, for the first time as he bears the sins of humanity. It’s like a kid who is lost and begins to panic. This is pure agony.

It was here, in this garden late at night, that we all were saved when Jesus decided once and for all to take our wrath upon himself. Prayer won the day.

Note that the disciples were no help at all in supporting their leader here.

Peter failed Jesus because he failed to watch and pray. Jesus warns him here, but he fails to take heed.

Note that Jesus prayed the same prayer repeatedly. This means we are to do the same. Pray with all your heart the same prayer.

Note Jesus did not flee. He met the challenge head-on. As should we meet all of our challenges.

Jesus would finish the work he had started. Praise, God Almighty!

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peter deny christ before rooster crows matthew 26

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 4: Matthew 26:31-35


Jesus says that they will all fall away (desert him) because of him (who he is) this very night. But after he has risen, he will go ahead of them to Galilee. Peter says he never will, which is when Jesus says he will deny him 3 times before the rooster crows. Peter says no, as do the other disciples.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 4: Matthew 26:31-35

8 ) They will all fall away because of him that very night.

9a) Peter tells Jesus he won’t fall away.

b) They are all in denial. It’s ironic how they know it will happen, but they do it anyway.

c) I don’t overestimate my own strength because I know I can’t do anything without God, His strength, and His power.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 4: Matthew 26:31-35

I love how the rooster crows! We now own chickens, and we have one rooster. Although I have to say, he never stops crowing except at night.

An interesting read:

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 4: Matthew 26:31-35

Jesus tells the disciples they will desert him in order to show them that Scripture must be fulfilled. Peter, like most of us, is in denial of wrongdoings and reliant on his own strength rather than God’s. Peter would falter, but Christ never does.

Peter was smug and self-assured. He will soon be humbled beyond belief. I’d be embarrassed and feel extremely guilty. This would definitely be hard to forgive myself for this one.

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the last summer by leonardo da vinci

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 3: Matthew 26:17-30


When Passover arrived on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the disciples asked Jesus where he wanted them to make preparations. He sent them into the city to a man’s house. That evening, Jesus told the disciples that one of them will betray him. All of the disciples ask if it is them. Jesus says it will be the one who has dipped his hand into the bowl, and it would be better if that man would not have been born. Jesus tells Judas it is him, when he asks Jesus.

At the Passover meal, Jesus took the bread and broke it, passing it to his disciples. He said this is his body and for them to eat it. Then he took the cup and told the disciples to drink, as it represented his blood of the covenant, which is poured out in order to forgive them all. Jesus says he will not drink it until the day he drinks it anew in his Father’s kingdom. They sang a hymn and then went out to the Mount of Olives.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 3: Matthew 26:17-30

6a) Passover and it commemorated how God spared the Israelites from judgment while they were in Egypt and delivered them out of Egypt.

b) The Israelites sacrificed a lamb and marked their homes with the lamb’s blood so that God would passover their house and spare them. Jesus is the Passover lamb. He was sacrified for our sins so God will, in effect, pass over us when we stand before him. The Passover was an act of redemption of his people out of slavery. Similarly, Jesus redeems us from our slavery to sin and brings us to him forever.


Luke 22:19-20: The bread and the wine of communion represent us remembering Christ’s sacrifice for our sins on the cross. We cleanse ourselves with his body and blood so we can stand before God.

John 6:51-58: Jesus says that he is the living bread, so anyone that eats of the communion bread will have eternal life. The bread is his flesh, which he gives for the life of the world, and the wine his blood.

1 Peter 1:19: Jesus is a lamb without blemish, meaning he is perfect as is his blood. Thus, when you take communion, you are drinking of Christ’s perfection.

1 Peter 2:24: By Jesus’s wounds, we are healed. He bore our sins on his body so we could die to sin and live for righteousness.

1 John 1:7: Jesus’ blood purifies us from all sin.

b) Taking communion helps us to remember Jesus and what he did for us on the cross. He established the New Covenant so we could be closer to him and God. Whenever you take communicy, you proclaim his death and declare your faith in him and his sacrifice for us until his return. We are to remember Jesus via the communion until he comes again.

c) It helps to reflect on everything that Jesus did for us and our sins and give praise to God and Jesus because of it.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 3: Matthew 26:17-30

I love taking communion. It’s such a great time to be with the Lord and thank Him for all that He has done and will do.

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 3: Matthew 26:17-30

Most Bible scholars agree that Jesus had this Passover meal with his disciples before Passover because he knew he would be crucified. It should be called The Last Passover rather than the Last Supper since Jesus’s death effectively ended Passover.

Why does Jesus announce that one of the 12 disciples will betray him? Because, out of his infinite mercy, he is giving Judas one last opportunity to repent.

It is notable that the other disciples did not accuse the others. They simply asked Jesus if it were them that betrayed him. Note that none of the other disciples understood Jesus’s answer to Judas when he confirmed Judas was the betrayer.

Judas was an intimate friend of Jesus  Psalm 41:9  Jesus’s love for Judas is greater than Judas’s treachery of him.

Here, Jesus institutes the Lord’s Supper for all Christians.

John tells us that Jesus washes the disciples’ feet (John 13:1-11) and then Judas leaves (John 13:30). However, the exact timing of it all is unclear and unknown. Many contend Judas never partook of the Lord’s Supper.

The Passover Meal

Everything at the Passover meal has significance:

  • The bitter herbs is the bitterness of slavery
  • The salt water is the tears everyone shed as slaves
  • The lamb was the sacrifice

The bread now is Jesus’s body that was sacrificed and beaten for us. He gives us strength and provides all we need.

The wine now is Jesus’s cleansing and redeeming blood.

The New Covenant

Jesus institutes a new covenant with mankind that allows us to be with God from an inner cleansing Jesus offers. God’s word and Himself live in us (via the Holy Spirit).

There is considerable debate about if the bread and wine represent the actual blood and body of Christ (known as transubstantiation in Christian theology) or if it is the blood and body of Christ by faith alone (known as consubstantiation). Others say Jesus’s presence in the bread and wine is real, but only spiritual, not physical.

We TAKE the bread (so choosing Jesus is a choice). We EAT the bread (we are alive when we eat food, so we’re alive in Jesus).

Fun Fact: “Thanks” in ancient Greek is the word “Eucharist,” which is why the Lord’s Supper is sometimes called the Eucharist.

Jesus will gather all of his people at the Second Coming once again and have a great supper. (Revelation 19:9).

Jesus sang and worshipped God, as should we. Can you imagine heading to church and Jesus is the worship leader? Pretty cool!

Jesus sang the night before his crucifixion. He is at peace with God and His will. We should be, too.

Passover traditionally ended with three Psalms sung  Psalms 116-118. We can presume Jesus sang these here.

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