BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 30: Book of Matthew
2a) How incredibly blessed we all are by God’s grace and Jesus’s sacrifice for our undeserving souls. It gives me a deeper appreciation for what Jesus did for me on the cross and hopefully I can convey that better both with my actions and with others.
b) Jesus’s grace, his inclusion of all people, including women, his compassion on all people no matter who they were, his desire to always do God’s will no matter where he went.
3) There are so many it’s hard to choose. Right now in these uncertain times, we can have faith that God is in control. As the economy changes every day, we can have faith that God will provide. As events happen that we don’t understand, we can have faith that God has a purpose. Jesus prayed in the Garden for strength; so should we during these times. Perseverence, strength, and will to keep moving forward, one day at a time.
4) I did not have children in the program
5) The chance to pray for one another.
6) Good question. I am unsure. Immediately, it’s to be strong in faith for my family and to remind them of all that Jesus teaches.
7a) It’s given me such a deeper understanding of God’s grace and my undeserving nature of Jesus’s sacrifice.
b) I know that God’s plans are not my plans, so I pray for His will to be done. I know that I am here for a reason, so I try to remember that each and every day.
b) Dear Lord. I thank you for the blessings you have given me, for the life I lead, for my incredible family and their health and happiness, and for your will to be done in my life. I take each day as a blessing and try to do your work. I pray others see you through me, and I pray you continue to guide me in this life. In Jesus’s name, Amen.
A man named Simon from Cyrene carried Jesus’s cross because he could not. At Golgotha (meaning The Place of the Skull), the Roman soldiers offered Jesus wine to drink that was mixed with gall. Jesus taste it, but refused to drink more. They crucified him and divided up his clothes by casting lots. They waited for Jesus to die. They placed the sign “This is Jesus, King of the Jews” above his head.
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 28, Day 2: Matthew 27:32-37
3a) He saw Christ as the walking dead, too weak to carry Jesus’s cross. He probably heard the crowds and the soldiers, perhaps still mocking Jesus. He may have heard Jesus praying.
b) To fulfill prophecy. Leviticus 4:12, 21 describes how the sin offering is offered outside the city in a place that is ceremonially clean. The sin offering is burned. Hebrews 13:11-13 describes how traditionally the high priest carries the blood of animals into the Most Holy Place as a sin offering, but the bodies are burned outside the camp. So Jesus also suffered outside the city gate to make the people holy thorugh his own blood.
4) It tasted bad, and it would have done more harm than good. Jesus did not want his senses dulled for the most important moment in all of history.
Romans 5:6-8: God sent Jesus to die for us while we were still sinners.
2 Corinthians 5:21: Jesus took on our sin so that we may become righteous before God.
1 Peter 1:18-19: You were redeemed with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect instead of being redeemed with perishable things
1 Peter 2:24: We have been healed by Jesus’s wounds as he bore our sins in his body on a tree so that we might die to sin and live for righteousness.
1 John 4:10-11: God loved us so much that He sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins. Thus, we should love one another.
b) I love how we should love others because God loved us so much.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 28, Day 2: Matthew 27:32-37
Hard passage to read, but an important one so we can begin to understand the depth of love God has for us.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 28, Day 2: Matthew 27:32-37
Cyrene was a place in North Africa about 800 miles away. The man, Simon, was probably visiting Jerusalem for Passover and was recruited to carry Christ’s cross. Probably the man did not want to carry the cross, but since the man was an obvious foreigner, he had no choice in the matter. Many Bible scholars suggest that his sons became leaders among the early Christians based on Biblical passages (Mark 15:21 and Romans 16:13).
Golgotha (or Calvary in Latin) was the place outside of the city walls where crucifixions were held. It was called the Place of a Skull.
The wine was to dull the pain and the mind — a drug if you will. Jesus declines, wishing to be in full mind and spirit for this sacrifice.
Death by Crucifixion
Suffice it to say, crucifixion was a terrifying tortuous death that Jesus endured. He was scouraged, and then nails where physically hammered into his hands. He then hung on a cross from these wounds. It was extremely hard to breathe on the cross as gravity worked to pull the body down. The victim would have to physically lift their body in order to breathe, which would have been difficult after the torture.
The cause of death on the cross could have been many things:
Sometimes, the Roman soldiers would break the victim’s legs so that the victim could not push themselves up to breathe, so they would suffocate and die faster.
Roman citizens could not be crucified so horrible of a death this was. We get our work excruciating from crucifixion, meaning “out of the cross.”
Jesus was crucified naked.
He was in total control of the events. Jesus was both our sacrificial lamb and our scapegoat — the goat that symbolically carried Israel’s sins on its back as it was sent into the wilderness to die.
Jesus refused the sedative so he chould instead take the cup of full suffering and God’s wrath on himself.
Roman soldiers watched over Jesus so no one could rescue him.
Someone would carry the written crime as the victim was led to be crucified as a warning to others. Then, someone would hang the charge over their head on the cross.
John John 19:21 tells us how the religious leaders did not like this title since they did not believe it. Yet, Pilate let it stand. (John 19:22).
Jesus and the disciples went to the Garden of Gethesmane. He told them to wait while he went and prayed. He took Peter and the two sons of Zebedee (James and John) with him. He become sorrowful and troubled. He then left them, asking them to keep watch, and stepped further away. He prayed on his face to God to take the cup from him if it was God’s will.
He returned to his disciples who were sleeping. He chastized them for not keeping watch. He told them to watch and pray so they don’t fall into temptation.
He went away again and prayed to God to take the cup from him. He found them sleeping a second time. Then Jesus went a third time, praying the same prayer. He returned to his disciples, saying he is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 5: Matthew 26:36-46
10a) His sorrow for humanity and all of their sins. It’s a big burden to carry all of that weight on your shoulders. His sorrow for his own death, pain, and suffering.
b) He prayed on his face, asking God, “My Father, if it is possible, may this cup be taken form me. Yet, not as I will, but as you will.”
c) He chastized them for not keeping watch and not praying so they don’t fall into temptation. Basically, he has but hours to live and his closest friends are sleeping them away.
11) He asked to not go through this, but he said only if it was God’s will. He knew it was God’s will, and he knew his destiny. He accepts it willingly, but not without remorse.
12a) Although we may not like God’s will for our lives, it is His will, so we must accept it and move forward.
b) Thank you, Jesus, for taking my sin on your shoulders and carrying it for me so I may live forever in your kingdom free from sin.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 5: Matthew 26:36-46
I did not remember that Jesus checked on his disciples three times and that he prayed the same prayer three times afterward. Love this! Even though Jesus asked three times, God answered by confirming Jesus’s destiny. So good!
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 26, Day 5: Matthew 26:36-46
Gethsemane is east of the temple mount area in Jerusalem and on the lower slopes of the Mount of Olives. The town was surrounded by olive trees, and Gethsemane means “olive press,” indicating the vast importance of the olive to this region.
Here, Jesus is sorrowful, in part due to the physical pain he was about to suffer, but he was also sorrowful of carrying the entire world’s sin on his shoulders. Luke 22:43 says that angels came and ministered to Jesus in the garden. He is about to face a spiritual battle, and he keeps Peter, James, and John with him.
If there were any other way for mankind to be saved, God would never have sent His one and only Son to die as he did. Thus, it is not possible.
Jesus would bear God’s wrath; this is what he is most sorrowful about. He is about to be separated from God, His Father, for the first time as he bears the sins of humanity. It’s like a kid who is lost and begins to panic. This is pure agony.
It was here, in this garden late at night, that we all were saved when Jesus decided once and for all to take our wrath upon himself. Prayer won the day.
Note that the disciples were no help at all in supporting their leader here.
Peter failed Jesus because he failed to watch and pray. Jesus warns him here, but he fails to take heed.
Note that Jesus prayed the same prayer repeatedly. This means we are to do the same. Pray with all your heart the same prayer.
Note Jesus did not flee. He met the challenge head-on. As should we meet all of our challenges.
Jesus would finish the work he had started. Praise, God Almighty!
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 25, Day 5: Review Matthew 24 and 25
12) We need to be prepared for Jesus’s return at any time. We do that by continually pursuing God’s will for our lives and spreading the love of Jesus, too.
13) The things we do for others is really things we do for Jesus. This is profound for me. I just hadn’t thought of it before. It helps me to be more generous and helpful when needed.
14) Matthew 24:13 “he who stands firm to the end will be saved.” This gives me strength in the bad times to stand firm. Matthew 25:21: “You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things.” This offers me hope that I will continue to be blessed in my life. Matthew 25:29: “Everyone who has will be given more.” Again, encouraging me when I want things in life.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 25, Day 5: Review Matthew 24 and 25
I thoroughly enjoyed reading these chapters of Matthew. Jesus teaching the disciples is like him teaching me. It reminds me to use my talents for the greater good.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 25, Day 5: Review Matthew 24 and 25
Jesus entered the temple area in Jerusalem and drove out all who were buying and selling there. He overturned the tables of the money changers and the benches of those selling doves. Jesus said they are making the temple a den of robbers.
He healed the blind and the lame at the temple. The chief priests and the teachers of the law were indignant at what Jesus was doing. He left Jerusalem and spent the night at Bethany.
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 21, Day 5: Matthew 21:12-17
13) Jesus entered the temple area in Jerusalem and drove out all who were buying and selling there. He overturned the tables of the money changers and the benches of those selling doves. The purpose of the temple is to be a house of prayer. Jesus said they are making the temple a den of robbers.
14a) That Jesus will do whatever he sees fit to ensure justice is done. That he can get angry, too, at the defilement of the church. Nothing surprises me really except the fact that more scenes of Jesus getting angry aren’t recorded.
b) Psalm 51:10-12 has David asking for a pure heart. We have to be free and cleansed of sin to be with God. Therefore, God wants our hearts to be pure so He can be with us. David asks in Psalm 51:15-17 to open his lips to be able to praise him. 2 Corinthians 7:1 entreats us to purify ourselves to have perfect holiness out of reverence for God. Philippians 4:8 tells us to thing of what is true, nobel, right, pure, lovely, admirable, whatever is excellent or praiseworthy.
15a) Titus 3:5-7 tells us that God saved us out of mercy, through the washing of rebirth and the renewal by the Holy Spirit whom He poured out on us through Jesus. 1 John 1:7-9 tells us that Jesus’s blood purifies us. If we confess our sins, God will forgive us. Confession and acceptance of Jesus as their Lord and Savior.
b) A lot.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 21, Day 5: Matthew 21:12-17
I love this scene of Jesus. It shows us he gets angry at what he sees as unholy around him, and he makes it right. Good lesson for us, too.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 21, Day 5: Matthew 21:12-17
This is a different scene than the one in John 2:13-22,. Here, Jesus is cleansing his temple and forcing out those who cheated the people by selling them sacrificial animals at high prices. Jesus was angry at those who bought these goods, too. The prices were about 20 times higher inside the temple.
There would be about 150,000 people gathered for Passover. People here had to exchange their foreign money, which was what the money changers were doing, most likely at outrageous prices.
The merchants were in the outer courts of the temple, which was the only area Gentiles could go. Mark records Jesus quoting all of Isaiah 56:7, which included all of the nations.
These people were exploiting others. After Jesus threw out those who were defiling the temple; he got back to business, healing people and showing them mercy.
The priests and leaders were all jealous, and they saw Jesus as a threat. They completely ignored the good he was doing.
Remember this was Passover, so Jews from all of Judea were streaming into the city. It’s likely Jesus had no place to stay inside of Jerusalem so had to stay close by in Bethany. While this was close, it may have taken a bit to arrive at Bethany.
A man approached Jesus and asked him to heal his son who often has seizures and falls into fires or water. The disciples could not heal him. Jesus rebuked the demon, which left the boy and healed the boy. Jesus rebuked his disciples for being unbelieving.
The disciples later asked Jesus why they couldn’t heal the boy (even though earlier they had been granted healing powers). Jesus told them it was because they had so little faith. All they need is faith as small as a mustard seed, and nothing will be impossible.
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 4: Matthew 17:14-21
9a) The boy’s father knelt before Jesus, showing he respected who he was. He called Jesus “Lord” and asked for mercy first.
b) Jesus told them it was because they had so little faith. All they need is faith as small as a mustard seed, and nothing will be impossible. Mark 9:28-29 says the demon would come out only by prayer and fasting.
10a) All you need is faith as small as a mustard seed, and nothing will be impossible.
b) It inspires me to have more faith that things I want and desire in this world is possible if I have faith — even just little faith.
11) The little faith is you just don’t believe enough. Small faith is you believe with the right heart, and it will grow. Our faith depends on what kind of faith, not how much we have.
12a) Everything. My move. My desire to live in a new place. For God to make that happen one way or another
b) Have more faith that God will move.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 4: Matthew 17:14-21
Great lesson on faith. It’s encouraging that it’s simple and we overcomplicate it.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 4: Matthew 17:14-21
This demon worked by causing seizures in the boy. We learn the severity of this demon in Mark 9:14-29 where the boy was made deaf and dumb. The boy was “moonstruck” according to translations of the verb used.
The disciples were given the authority to cast out demons (Matthew 10:8), but this one they could not cast out. There are ranks of demonic powers as we learn in (Ephesians 6:12), and this one was particularly stubborn.
Jesus is a bit frustrated here with the faith of his disciples. Each day brings Jesus closer to his death, so he is probably feeling the pressure now to ensure his disciples are prepared for when he is gone.
Note Jesus easily defeats this demon. He is King.
The question here is: what is your faith in?
Prayer and fasting show you are earnest in your faith and belief.
Jesus went up a mountain with Peter, James, and John. Jesus was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as light. Moses and Elijah appeared and spoke with Jesus. Peter offers to build three shelters for them — one for each of them. Then, a bright cloud enveloped all of them and God spoke, saying, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased. Listen to him!”
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 2: Matthew 17:1-5
3a) They saw Jesus’s face that shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as light. Moses and Elijah appeared and spoke with Jesus.
b) Peter says he was an eyewitness of his majesty. He received honor and glory from God when God spoke at the Transfiguration.
4) Both Moses and Elijah were dead, so this shows God’s power to raise the dead. This shows how Jesus fulfills the Old Testament prophecy, and it’s where Jesus can shine his glory, too.
5) Peter offers to build three shelters for them — one for each of them. This is a culture where hospitality rules, so Peter probably thought Moses and Elijah might stay awhile and would need a comfortable place to sit and talk.
6a) This moment was not about meeting earthly needs, like shelter, but instead was about shining God’s glory on and through Jesus. God did not want Peter to distract anyone or taper the message at all.
b) Listen to Jesus’s calling on my life.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 2: Matthew 17:1-5
I wonder why Jesus chose only these three disciples to go with him. This would be something I wouldn’t want to miss!
Love this book with this lesson! God calls us to listen to Jesus; Jesus listens to us!
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 2: Matthew 17:1-5
The Transfiguration takes place approximately three years into Jesus’s three and a half years of ministry. It is about one week after Jesus first tells his disciples he will be killed. The whole point is to reinforce to these three disciples who he really is. Transfiguration comes from the Latin “trans,” which means across and “figura,” which means shape or form. Thus, a change in shape.
Why did Jesus only take these three disciples? No one knows, as we are not told. Some say Jesus only took three because he wanted the Transfiguration to remain a secret (Matthew 17:9). Others say he only needed a few witnesses.
No one knows which mountain the Transfiguration took place on. There are guesses:
Jesus was transformed both inside and outside. Many Bible scholars point out that the real miracle was that Jesus appeared an ordinary man for so long and hid his glory from all. The disciples see Jesus’s true glory.
Moses and Elijah
Moses was the first great lawgiver, and Elijah was the first great prophet. In addition, Moses had been dead 1400 years and Elijah 900 years.
Here, we have the law (Moses) and the prophets (Elijah) represent the Old Testament at this moment. They appeared in order to show the two institutions that Jesus had come to fulfill.
They spoke of the cross. How cool!
The Greek word for departure is “exodos,” where we get Exodus from. Thus, Jesus delivers as he departs. Cool!
Peter (of course) is the one to speak. The problem is he didn’t know what he was saying (Mark 9:6 and Luke 9:33 His words put Jesus at an equal level as Moses and Elijah — not good.
God appears in a cloud to save Peter from himself essentially. This is the same cloud of Glory God appears in in the Old Testament known as shekinah. As you know, no one can see God’s face and live, so this is fitting since the disciples are there.
Here, we clearly see Jesus above all else and everyone else.
Jesus blesses Simon, saying God revealed to him who he was. He names him Peter, which means rock, and he will build his church that Hades (hell) cannot overcome. Jesus will give Peter the keys to the kingdom of heaven and whatever he binds on earth will be bound in heaven and whatever he loosed on earth will be loosed in heaven. He told his disciples not to tell anyone he was the Christ.
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 17, Day 4: Matthew 16:17-20
9) Jesus blesses Simon, saying God revealed to him who he was.
10a) Jesus will be the rock (the foundation) of the church.
b) He will build his church that Hades (hell) cannot overcome. Whatever he binds on earth will be bound in heaven and whatever he loosed on earth will be loosed in heaven, meaning whoever believes he is the Son of God will be free from sin; those who don’t will be bound forever.
11a) The Gospel frees those from Old Testament laws.
b) In every way (such a broad question with so many answers). Freedom allows me to follow Christ’s path for me.
Conclusion BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 17, Day 4: Matthew 16:17-20
My answers are short here. See more explanation in the End Notes.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 17, Day 4: Matthew 16:17-20
God divinely inspired Peter when he spoke, saying who Jesus was.
Jesus renamed Peter the rock, and he would become a rock for the disciples after Jesus’s death.
“This rock” is Jesus. The church will be built upon Jesus, although some Bible scholars say the rock here is Peter or even the confession itself.
Fun Fact: This is the first use of the word ‘church’ in the Bible. Fitting it is spoken by Jesus.
Jesus was prophesizing the founding of the church.
The Greek word for church, ekklesia, meant group. Thus, the church is a group.
Note Jesus says “my church.” We belong to him.
Hell will not penetrate the church, meaning God’s people will overcome sin, death, and Satan.
Peter the Disciple
Jesus will give Peter the keys to the kingdom of heaven. This is why Peter is usually depicted in art with keys. This symbolizes Jesus giving Peter the authority to unlock the Gospel to the world.
This passage is a basis for many images of Peter. There is no doubt that Peter was special. Some think he stands at the gates of heaven, letting people in or blocking their entrance.
He is always listed first when the disciples are listed in the Bible.
Binding and loosing is an idea during that time that pertained to the law. To be bound was to be prohibited and be put under the law. To loose was to permit and be free from the law. Here, Jesus gives Peter and the disciples the power to define the New Covenant church and set the rules.
Sinners would be set free from sin and death (loosed). Those who refuse to believe are bound in sin.
Jesus set the rules for the disciples, which explains them taking the grains in the fields (Matthew 12:1-8).
Peter and the disciples would set the New Covenant, including dietary rules. Still, Jesus was not ready for all to know he was the Christ (probably because the disciples were not ready and he needed more training time).
Jesus and his disciples were walking through fields of grain. His disciples were hungry, so they began to eat the grain heads. The Pharisees claimed this was unlawful. Jesus responded that David ate consecrated bread when he was hungry and the priests desecrate the day by doing temple work. He says one greater than the temple is here, since he, the Son of Man, is Lord of the Sabbath.
The Pharisees ask Jesus if it’s lawful to heal on the Sabbath. He uses the example of if a sheep had fallen into a pit on the Sabbath, would they not rescue it? It’s lawful to do good on the Sabbath. Jesus healed a man with a shriveled hand, and the Pharisees plotted how to kill Jesus.
Jesus withdrew and healed all the sick, telling them to tell no one who he was. This fulfilled prophecy in Isaiah.
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 12, Day 4: Matthew 12:1-21
9a) No. The law was to do no work on the Sabbath. Picking heads of grain was not only allowed according to Deuteronomy 23:25, but it most definitely is not work. The law did not say, “starve on the Sabbath.”
b) Jesus responded that David ate consecrated bread when he was hungry and the priests desecrate the day. He says one greater than the temple is here, since he, the Son of Man, is Lord of the Sabbath. Mark 2:23:27 says the Sabbath is made for man and his rest. In 1 Samuel 21:4-6, we read that the priests gave David and his men consecrated bread to eat as long as they had kept themselves from women. Jesus meant that as Lord of the Sabbath, he can do what he pleases.
10) He cared more about people than laws.
11) The Pharisees are beginning to plot against him. Jesus knows he still has work to do before he is called home to God, so he withdraws to protect himself. He’s trying to keep a low profile and not draw attention to himself, so he tells those to not tell others, so he can continue his ministry here on earth.
12) I love how in his name, there is hope. Jesus’s name is so powerful that all we need to do is hope in him.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 12, Day 4: Matthew 12:1-21
Human nature is to bring those down around you who are more successful than you, more popular, and who are helping others. Here, we see Jesus begin to suffer for his goodness.
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End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 12, Day 4: Matthew 12:1-21
This passage shows us how the Bible can be misinterpreted and the consequences thereof. The Pharisees would have Jesus and his disciples starve because in their minds they were doing work on the Sabbath. This is not what the Bible says at all.
Jesus, of course, never broke a law; he did break man’s interpretation of that law, and sometimes on purpose, to make a point.
Here, human need is more important than the rules of the Sabbath. Besides, Jesus says, the priests break the laws of the Sabbath constantly by performing their rituals, which is work. Mercy is more important than sacrificing for principles (Hosea 6:6)
Jesus once again proclaims his deity with his declaration that he is Lord of the Sabbath and greater than the temple, which was everything to the Jewish people at that time. He himself is worthy of love, admiration, honor, sacrifice, service, and worship.
Jesus Healing on the Sabbath
Jesus sets the example of us going to church on the Sabbath.
The Pharisees try to set Jesus up with a man who needs healing, knowing Jesus will have compassion on the man and heal him.
Here, the Pharisees turn from just rejecting Jesus to plotting to murder him.
Jesus withdrew to preserve God’s plan for him. He healed all who came to him in faith, and this probably took a long time.