Summary of passage: Those who have Christ Jesus in their hearts are now free from condemnation and live according to the Spirit. With Jesus’s death believers were set free. He served as our sin offering forever and did what the law could not do due to man’s sinful nature.
3a) Before Jesus’s death, it was not possible to be free from the Law (that is why God’s people lived under the law). Now, after Jesus’s sacrifice we are free from the Law and under no condemnation or death and are saved.
Condemnation according to Zondervan’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary describes the judgment against someone or treating a person as guilty. It could also refer to the specific penalty for the guilt.
In this passage, Christ made salvation possible by bearing the sin of men and women, because thus he “condemned sin” (Romans 8:3); that is, he showed the guilt of sin and bore its consequences, so that “there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.” (Romans 8:1)
b) Personal Question I could do without. My answer: It doesn’t. The only changes are the ones I constantly pray/ask for: to make me more like Jesus. To catch my shortcomings/sins before they happen. To not judge or condemn others quickly. I know I am free and harbor no guilt.
4) God sent Jesus who brought the Holy Spirit to us to guide us. God was in charge of sending His Son to save us forever from our sins and implant the Holy Spirit in our hearts to be our guide.
5) We fulfill the righteous requirements by being washed in the blood of Jesus. The how is accepting Jesus as our eternal sacrifice. The Holy Spirit serves as our guide in obedience to God’s “laws” (way we should behave).
Conclusions: Paul finally goes into the Great Hope: our life now with Jesus as our Savior! Such a gift God has given us all with the Holy Spirit. So amazing!
End Notes: Since God the Father does not condemn Jesus, neither can the Father condemn those who are in Jesus. They are not condemned, they will not be condemned, and they cannot be condemned.
The “Therefore” is Paul proving his argument logically.
“In Christ”: Christ is in believers by His Spirit, and believers are in Christ by faith.
If you are not in Christ, then you are condemned.
Romans 8 is the peace from the conflict of Romans 7.
We are free from the guilt and power of sin.
Paul uses the word “law” in several different ways in Romans. Here, it means controlling power. God’s law (Romans 2:17-20; 9:31; 10:3-5). The Pentateuch (Romans 3:21). The Old Testament as a whole (Romans 3:19). Principle (Romans 3:27).
The law guides us and teaches us and we obey out of love of God and by the power of the Holy Spirit, but it can never please God nor sanctify us.
Manson said, “Moses’ law has right but not might; sin’s law has might but not right; the law of the Spirit has both right and might.”
The law detects sin; Jesus defeats sin. The law is weak because of human nature. Hence, Jesus came “in the likeness of” meaning Jesus can’t be sin in order to defeat sin. Jesus was righteous and since we are in Jesus we hence are righteous as well. Jesus is our substitute.
Those who walk according to the Spirit means their life is directed by the Holy Spirit in continued and progressive motion. Obedience is on display, not rebellion. The flesh is always present, but it is powerless.
Fun Fact: Romans 8 begins with no condemnation; it ends with no separation, and in between there is no defeat