BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1: Lesson 14, Day 2: 1 Samuel 25:1-13

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Summary 1 Samuel 25:1-13:

Samuel died, and David moved to the Desert of Maon. There, a wealthy man named Nabal and his wife, Abigail, lived. His men were shearing sheep when David asked him to give him whatever he could. Nabal refused, so David prepared to fight.

BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1: Lesson 14, Day 2: 1 Samuel 25:1-13:

3) Part Personal Question. My answer: Nabal is “surly and mean in his dealings.” He is also greedy, ungenerous, and skeptical. I’m the same. I don’t believe people most of the time nor do I give out random things to people I don’t know. I bet Nabal got a lot of people begging from him, so he didn’t care who David was, the answer was no.

4) David immediately gets angry after a simple no. It seems David has gotten used to getting what he wants because of who he is since he identifies himself. He and his men put on their swords, seemingly with the intention to kill Nabal’s men and/or his livestock.

5) Personal Question. My answer: Those around me. Anger affects those closest to us. I need to be better when I don’t get my way. It all depends on what it is and how bad I want something. Still, we can’t have everything we want as David shows us here. We need to react calmly, not overreact, and move on with our lives.

Conclusions: BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1 Lesson 14, Day 2: 1 Samuel 25:1-13:

David does act impulsively, believing he is owed something by a man he had no agreement with. Maybe he and his men are starving. Still, that’s no reason to go and fight. It also seems like Samuel died unceremoniously. I’m sure he was remembered, but the writer here doesn’t care to go into it.

End Notes BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1 Lesson 14, Day 2: 1 Samuel 25:1-13:

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Samuel seemed to be unappreciated by Israel during his life (1 Samuel 8:1-7) but at least he was honored in his death. 1 Chronicles 9:22 suggests he organized the Levites in the service of the sanctuary which was completed by David and Solomon. 1 Chronicles 26:27-28 says Samuel began collecting treasures for building the temple in Solomon’s day. 2 Chronicles 35:18 reports that Samuel remembered the Passover and kept Israel in remembrance of God’s great deliverance. Psalm 99:6 and Jeremiah 15:1 commemorate Samuel as a man of great intercession. Hebrews 11:33 puts Samuel among God’s “Heroes of Faith.”

What are the 4 kinds of riches?

  1. What you have
  2. What you do
  3. What you know
  4. What you are

Nabal only was wealthy in what he had.

This was the “harvest time” for a sheep rancher, which was a time of lavish hospitality towards others.

“Sheep-shearing was traditionally celebrated by feasting with enough to spare.” (Baldwin)

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The name Nabal means fool. In ancient Israel, names were often connected with a person’s character. He was of the house of Caleb, which means dog. This was no compliment.

FUN FACT: Only Rachel (Genesis 29:17) and Esther (Esther 2:7) are described with the same Hebrew word as the one here that describes Abigail as beautiful.

Why was Abigail with Nabal?

  • We can understand it in that day of arranged marriages — a noble woman with a surly man. “It is remarkable how many Abigails get married to Nabals. God-fearing women, tender and gentle in the sensibilities, high-minded and noble in their ideals, become tied in an indissoluble union with men for whom they can have no true affinity, even if they have not an unconquerable repugnance.” (Meyer)

David believed because he protected Nabal’s sheep of his own accord that Nabal owed him compensation. How often do we do this?

Nabal had to have known who David was, because David was famous throughout all Israel (1 Samuel 18:5-7). Nabal said this as a direct insult to David – knowing who he was but refusing to recognize him. In our modern way of speaking, Nabal said, “Who does he think he is?”

Nabal looked at all of his material blessings as his instead of as God’s.

What do we learn by David’s overreaction?

This is not a high moment for David. He doesn’t respond the way God would have him respond to an insult.  We are supposed to bear insults with love and kindness, returning their evil with our good.  Whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also. (Matthew 5:38-39)

This is striking since we just saw in the previous chapter how David responds to Saul. David was able to be kind to Saul, but it seems to have been harder to do it towards someone he perceived as his equal or lower than himself. Often, this is true measure of our character – not how we treat our superiors, but how we treat our equals or those “beneath” us in some way or another.


BSF Study Questions Romans Lesson 14, Day 2: Romans 8:17-18

Summary of passage:  Since we are God’s children, we are heirs of God and Christ and share in his sufferings and glory.  Our sufferings are miniscule compared to the glory that awaits us.


3)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  Paul suffered terribly as we all know.  He was imprisoned and murdered by the Romans.  He was tortured and beaten, robbed and stoned.  He was scared for his earthly life most of the time and on the run from persecutors.  He was shipwrecked and starving.  This does not affect my understanding of these verses in any measurable way.  When I suffer, it’s nothing compared to Paul or any other 1st century human.  It’s hard to compare apples to oranges.  All I know is my suffering is miniscule to Paul’s and I try not to complain about it.

That being said disregarding Paul who lived 2000 years ago, Paul’s words are encouraging because in my suffering there is hope and a glory that is unseen.  Suffering is fleeting; glory is forever.  And when you think you have nothing you really have everything.

4a)  The definition of glory according to Webster’s Dictionary is “praise, honor, or distinction extended by common consent: renown.  worshipful praise, honor and thanksgiving.  great beauty and splendor; magnificence.”  According to Zondervan’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary, glory is “Great honor or praise; used especially of God’s majestic splendor; weight, burden, wealth, magnificence, honor.  The glory of God is the worthiness of God or the presence of God in the fullness of his attributes in some place or everywhere.”

b)  2 Corinthians 3:18:  “We all reflect the Lord’s glory and are being transformed into his likeness with ever-increasing glory, which comes from the Lord, who is the Spirit.”

Philippians 3:20-21:  Our bodies will be transformed into Jesus’s glorious body.

Colossians 1:27:  Christ in us is the hope of glory and a glorious mystery.

2 Thessalonians 2:13-14:  We were called and chosen by God to share in Christ’s glory.

Hebrews 2:10:  Jesus brought us to glory through his suffering and death. (read Hebrews 2:9)

5)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  Suffering and glory go hand in hand.  You can’t have one without the other.  Christ suffered; we suffer.  Christ has glory; we have glory.  You have to suffer in order to have glory.  Suffering is a part of life.  It’s something we have to walk through.  It doesn’t last forever–heaven and Jesus are forever.  In heaven, our glory will shine.  Keeping a heavenly perspective through suffering and keeping faith in Christ gives us/me hope during the trials and tribulations of life and will go a long way towards us getting through suffering here on this side of heaven.  Glory outshines the suffering.

Conclusions:  Every question is outside of this passage.

End Notes:  Our sharing in Christ’s suffering is a condition of our future glorification.

Without a heavenly hope, Paul considered the Christian life foolish and tragic (1 Corinthians 15:19). Yet in light of eternity it is the wisest and best choice anyone can make.

This coming glory will not only be revealed to us, but it will actually be revealed in us.

God has put this glory into the believer right now. In heaven the glory will simply be revealed.

BSF Study Questions Isaiah Lesson 14, Day 2 Isaiah 34:1-7

Summary of passage: Isaiah tells all enemy nations the Lord is angry with them and He will bring his wrath and destruction upon them.  He will throw out their dead bodies to rot, the stars of the heaven will dissolve, and He will bring His sword to destroy them (Isaiah singles out Edom) and the people.  The land and dust will be soaked in blood and fat.


3a) All the enemy peoples and enemy nations of God’s people (here Israel and Judah) on Earth.  Everyone and everything need to listen.

b) All enemy nations from the time Isaiah is speaking to the end of the world.

4) He will totally destroy their armies and the slain will be left to rot.  The Lord’s sword will totally destroy the people, Edom, and Bozrah.  Here, Isaiah is using Edom as a representative of the enemy nations and what will happen to them which is ultimately they will all disappear like Edom.

Curious as to where Bozrah was I found a map:

Here’s another one I like:

Bozrah was the capital city of Edom located in modern-day Jordan east of the Dead Sea.  It’s name means sheepfold and was a pastoral city.

Spoiler Alert:  According to Isaiah 63:1-6, the Lord will come from Edom and Bozrah on the day of vengeance and the year of redemption.  Information taken from:

5) Edom was the homeland of Jacob’s twin brother, Esau.  Esau was also called Edom (which means red) because when Esau was born he was red.  Esau sold his birthright to Jacob for a bowl of stew and bread, thinking he was dying at the time.  Jacob took advantage of his brother and deceived him.  Esau (understandably) held a grudge against Jacob because as a result Jacob received his father’s (Isaac) blessing instead of himself.  Jacob is renamed Israel (Genesis 32:28-29).  So, in numbers Edom denies passage to Israel through his land as Moses was leading the Israelites up from Egypt and came against them with an army to enforce his decision.  So Israel had to go around.  The Edomites cheered the sacking of Jerusalem by Babylon and they looted the fleeing refugees.  Therefore, in Obadiah, the Lord promises in that day destruction of Edom because of the violence against his brother Jacob.  The Edomites will be covered with shame and destroyed forever.

6a) Their dead bodies will send up a stench; the mountains will be soaked with their blood.  The sword of the Lord is bathe in blood, it is covered with the fat…fat from the kidneys of rams.

b) Personal Question.  My answer:  Sin is the breaking of God’s laws.  Sin means “to miss the mark” of God’s holy standard or righteousness.  God hates sin because it is what separates us from Him–the thing He never wanted.  He created us to be like Adam and Eve before the Fall–walking with Him fully and as a part of Him.

c) To escape, we must recognize we are sinners, accept Jesus as our Savior from sin, and repent.  Jesus conquered sin and death.  2 Corinthians 7:10-11  Godly sorrow brings repentance that leads to salvation and leaves no regret, but worldly sorrow brings death.  See what this Godly sorrow has produced in you: what earnestness, what eagerness to clear yourselves, what indignation, what alarm, what longing, what concern, wheat readiness to see justice done…

Luke 13: 3  But unless you repent, you too will all perish.  Acts 17:30-31 …he [God] commands all people everywhere to repent.  For he has set a day when he will judge the world with justice…

John 14:6-7 Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life.  No one comes to the Father except through me.  If you really knew me, you would know my Father as well…

Conclusions:  Great lesson.  I now know the history of Edom and how it all relates back to Jacob and Esau.  It explains at least God’s judgment on Edom in that day.  Question 6 just re-emphasized in my mind how much God does love us:  when we think back to why He originally created us and how much it broke His heart when man Fell that He devised a way to bring us back to Him through His son, Jesus.  It also reminds us how much we should strive to walk in His ways just like our kids want to please us so should we want to please our Father.  John 14:6 just popped into my head in answer to 6c which is one we always need to remember:  “I am the way and the truth and the life.”