BSF Study Questions Romans Lesson 2, Day 2: Romans 1:18-20

Summary of passage:  God is angry at those who suppress the truth about Him.  Since the creation of the world God has been known so there is no excuse to deny Him.

Questions:

3)  According to Webster’s Dictionary, wrath means “strong vengeful anger or indignation; retributory punishment for an offense or a crime; divine chastisement.”

Man is suppressing the truth of God through wickedness.

4a)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  All of creation is amazing.  Only an omnipotent being could design a world where everything fits together and has a purpose–from ants to eagles to mankind.  Nature always instills an appreciation for what God has done for me, a gratitude, and a desire to go deeper with Him.  When speaking with unbelievers, this verse is a go-to.  All you have to say is “Look around.  How do you explain what you see?”

b)  We can’t learn who God is completely.  We can’t learn his wrath at sin.  His purpose for mankind in His Son, Jesus.  We can’t see his justice.  We learn this through the Bible, prayer, and study of Him and who He is and His Son is.

5)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  According to Webster’s Dictionary, suppress means “to put down by authority or force; subdue; to keep from public knowledge; to inhibit the growth or development of.”  I’m unsure of this question as I don’t think I’m suppressing any truth about God or Jesus.  This would be a question more for unbelievers unsure if God is God.

Conclusions:  This is one of my favorite passages in all the Bible.  I hate excuses and this is the ultimate excuse.  If you don’t see God in nature and all around you, you still go to Hell if you don’t believe in Him.  The whole created world reveals Him.  I blogged about this a long time ago HERE  God is angry all the time when man is evil and denies Him.

End Notes:  God’s anger/wrath is righteous anger.  It is not man’s anger which is motivated out of jealousy and selfishness.  It is the greatest peril facing mankind.

Great definition of wrath by Murray:  “Wrath is the holy revulsion of God’s being against that which is the contradiction of his holiness.”

Paul speaks of salvation in this letter.  But what are we saved from?  Many things but most importantly the wrath of God which we rightly deserve.  His goal is to show the absolute necessity of God’s plan of salvation for mankind.  We all sin and we all need God’s righteousness.  We’ll see the Gentiles (Romans 1:18-32), the Jews (Romans 2:1-3:8), and everyone (Romans 3:9-20).

Godlessness is man’s offenses against God.  Wickedness refers to the sins of man against man.

Every truth revealed to man by God has been fought against, disregarded, and deliberately obscured.  He reveals His wrath.  It’s not limited to the end-time judgment of the wicked.  Here we see God abandon the wicked to their sins.

Besides creation, God has planted within the heart and mind of every individual the spark of Himself.  It is when we reject Him when we know He’s there that leads to no excuses.

BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 2, Day 2: Acts 2:1-13

Summary of passage:  On the day of Pentecost the 120 were all in one place (presumably praying still and waiting for the gift).  A sound like a blowing violent wind came from heaven and filled the house where they were sitting.  They saw tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them.  All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in tongues through the power of the Holy Spirit.

A lot of people in Jerusalem heard this sound and came together to see what was happening.  They were bewildered because each was speaking in his own language.  They asked, “Aren’t these all Galileans?  How is it we hear them in our own language?  What does this mean?”

Some made fun of them and said they were drunk.

Questions:

2a) Blowing of a violent wind

b) Tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them

c) All spoke in other tongues (foreign languages)

d) All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit

3a) In Acts, the Holy Spirit brought understanding.  The believers (the 120 whom God blessed with the Holy Spirit) spoke in different languages so everyone could understand what was happening.  In Genesis, the Lord gave the people different languages so they could not understand.

b) Personal Question.  My answer:  God is in control.  God will use all His powers to reward and rebuke men.  God will us all His powers to be understood; to be clear in what He likes and doesn’t like; to show He alone is God, omnipotent.

4)  Because there were so many different nationalities with no common language.  It was important God’s message and actions of giving the Holy Spirit was understood so its ramifications would be understood by all.

Conclusions:  I found this lesson fairly straight-forward although I did read online different interpretations of the speaking in tongues, which albeit interesting, I didn’t quite believe.

One interesting thing I learned was Galileans were considered at that time to be poor speakers and uncultured, which contributed to the shock of the Jews when they could understand these believers.

We tend to think of speaking in tongues today as weird (which when overused or used incorrectly or is not from God is) but this example shows clearly it was originally from God and is acceptable as long as it remains so.

End Note:  Yeah!  Map Time!  My favorite!

In my Bible Atlas (Zondervan’s Atlas of the Bible by Carl Rasmussen P. 218) there is a great map called “The Near East at the Time of Pentecost” with all the locations mentioned in this passage marked.

This map is the best one I can find and looks like the one in my Atlas:

http://www.searchingthescriptures.net/main_pages/free_bible_land_maps/map116.htm

My Atlas says these pilgrims had come to celebrate three Jewish festivals: Passover/Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks, and the Feast of Tabernacles.