Summary of Acts 23:12-35:
The next day, 40 Jews plot to kill Paul, but Paul’s nephew warns Paul and tells the commander. The commander then arranges for Paul to be transferred to Caesarea via Antipatris to the governor. The governor agrees to hear Paul’s case when his accusers arrive, having Paul kept prisoner in Herod’s palace in the meantime.
BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 25, Day 5: Acts 23:12-35
12) They are still angry that Paul is teaching the Gentiles, claiming that they can come to Christ just as easily as the Jews can. They may believe the lie that Paul did indeed sneak a Gentile past the Court of Gentiles, that he was anti-Jewish, and that he didn’t observe their laws anymore. The Jews have long believed they were superior to everyone as God’s chosen people, so this offends this belief.
13) There is no true reasons, but some include: jealousy, the need to hate someone or blame someone for their problems, miscommunications, misconstrued beliefs, etc.
14) Personal Question. My answer: I have no situation compared to Paul’s where my life is in danger. Unsure here. I am looking for a new job, perhaps, but I’m in no hurry.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 25, Day 5: Acts 23:12-35
If you have to lie to accomplish what God “tells” you, then it’s not from God.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 25, Day 5: Acts 23:12-35
In the days of Paul and Jesus, there was a secretive group of Jewish assassins who targeted the Romans and their supporters. They were dagger-men, because they often concealed daggers and stabbed Roman soldiers as they walked by. It seems that these same kind of assassins now targeted Paul. Zeal and devotion by themselves never prove that someone is right with God.
Their lie was a sin; and men who should have been committed to the law of God were instead happy to sin against Him. They were zealous, but still willing to lie and sin to accomplish their supposedly godly goals.
Fun Fact: This is the only mention in the Bible of Paul’s family.
God had to protect Paul because Jesus promised that he would go to Rome to testify of Him (Acts 23:11).
Paul had committed no crime; yet he was a prisoner. Because the Roman commander suspected he might be a revolutionary of some kind, Paul had to be kept in custody until the facts of the case could be discovered.
470 trained Roman soldiers would escort Paul out of Jerusalem. It was as if God wanted to exaggerate His faithfulness to Paul, and show him beyond any doubt that the promise of Jesus was true.
Not only did Paul escape Jerusalem alive, he did so riding a horse – actually, several horses were made available to Paul.
In his letter, Lysias implied that he learned of Paul’s Roman citizenship right away, and he said nothing of the way Paul was bound twice and almost scourged for the sake of interrogation.
For Luke, this was the important line in the letter. It is possible that Roman officials reviewed the Book of Acts before Paul’s trial before Caesar. Here, Luke showed that other Roman officials had judged Paul “not guilty.”
“One of Luke’s prime motives in writing his twofold history is to demonstrate that there is no substance in this charge of subversion brought not only against Paul but against Christians in general – that competent and impartial judges had repeatedly confirmed the innocence of the Christian movement and the Christian missionaries in respect of Roman law.” (Bruce)
The 200 soldiers only went as far as Antipatris because the most dangerous part of the road was only up to this point.
Apparently, learning that he was from Cilicia meant that Felix would indeed be responsible to hear and rule on his case.
This would be Paul’s first opportunity to speak to someone at this level of authority (the governor). This was the beginning of the fulfillment of the promise made to Paul some 20 years earlier: that he would bear the name of Jesus to kings (Acts 9:15).
Paul’s Next 5 Years
This began a two-year period of confinement for Paul in Caesarea. After that he spent at least two years in Rome. Taken together with travel time, the next five years of Paul’s life were lived in Roman custody.
Paul lived many years with great freedom, and had to trust the promises of God through those years. He also had to trust the promises of Jesus in his years of little freedom – and to know that God could work just as powerfully through those more difficult circumstances.
Paul needed to receive the promise of Jesus – both promises from 20 years before, and promises recently made – to receive them with confident faith, allowing those promises to make a difference in how he thought and felt. Every believer must do the same.