SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 10:1-15
Jesus called his disciples together and gave them the ability to drive out evil and heal every disease and sickness. The 12 are: Simon (Peter), Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James, Thaddaeus, Simon, and Judas.
Jesus sent the 12 out to the lost sheep of Israel, not to the Gentiles or the Samaritans. Preach the message that the Kingdom of Heaven is near. Heal the sick; raise the dead; drive out demons; heal lepers. Freely give as they have received. Take no money, bag, extra clothes or sandals for the worker is worth his keep.
They are to stay at others’ homes while traveling. Bless the home if it is worthy. Move on if it is not.
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 11, Day 3: Matthew 10:1-15
6) He gave them authority to drive out evil spirits and to heal every disease and sickness.
7a) To the lost sheep of Israel. They were to not go to the Gentiles or the Samaritans.
b) Matthew 28:19-20 is the Great Commission, as Jesus sends out his disciples to go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, The Son, and the Holy Spirit. Acts 1:8 says that the disciples will receive the Holy Spirit, and with this power they are to witness in Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria, and all the ends of the earth. Romans 1:16 says that the power of the Gospel (God’s Word) can give salvation to those that believe. Believers will experience honor and peace according to Romans 2:9-11. Unbelievers will experience trouble and distress.
8 ) Preach the message that the Kingdom of Heaven is near. Heal the sick; raise the dead; drive out demons; heal lepers. Freely give as they have received. Take no money, bag, extra clothes or sandals for the worker is worth his keep. They are to stay at others’ homes while traveling. Bless the home if it is worthy.
9) Because hospitality was big in ancient times and was supposed to be given no matter what. Those who rejected the Gospel will face an eternity in hell, which is worse than what Sodom and Gomorrah experienced as burning sulphur rained down.
10) As you meet people, be aware if they may be open to Jesus. Preach the Good News, but if their hearts are closed, Jesus will judge them. You do your part by sharing.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 11, Day 3: Matthew 10:1-15
I love the emphasis on going on and giving freely, but dusting the dust off your feet if your message is not received. We cannot let it bother us when others don’t turn to Jesus. God puts it on others hearts to follow Him or not by hardening hearts or loosening them. Our job is to share the message since we don’t know God’s sovereign will. He awakens dead hearts, not us! And give freely as we have been given to. Great stuff here!
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 11, Day 3: Matthew 10:1-15
The 12 Disciples
Really cool synopsis on the Apostles HERE
The disciples are listed in Matthew, Mark, Luke, and Acts, but not the book of John. Matthew 10:2-4, Mark 3:16-19, Luke 6:13-16, and Acts 1:13. Note they are of various backgrounds, as are all believers. 1 Corinthians 1:26-29. There are also other similarities: Peter is always first, and Judas is always last. The brothers are always paired together. Bible scholars see three groups of four, as if each had a leader:
- Peter, Andrew, James, and John
- Philip, Bartholomew/Nathanael, Thomas, and Matthew
- James, Thaddaeus/Judas, Simon, Judas
Jesus equips those he calls to do their job (here, Jesus gave the 12 powers). The 12 have a future role in eternity (Matthew 19:28), helped found the church (Ephesians 2:20)., and shall be remembered always. (Revelation 21:14).
Fun Fact: This is the only time in Matthew the 12 are called apostles, meaning “one who is sent out.”
Iscariout may mean “man of Kerioth,” which is a town in southern Judea, or may mean “traitor.”
Bible Scholar Clarke notes that first the 12 are disciples Matthew 10:1 before apostles Matthew 10:2.. You must learn about God before you can preach about God.
The 12 Disciples Commissioned
It has always been God’s chosen people first (Romans 1:16), then the Gentiles. So it is with the disciples here.
Jesus needed help, so he sends his 12.
Note Jesus called them “the house of Israel.” To God, they will always be Israel, whether they have a state or not.
We are all lost sheep. (Isaiah 53:6). Jeremiah 50:6
Jesus gives them the message he is delivering: The Kingdom of Heaven is near (Matthew 4:17)
Jesus tells them that God will meet their needs, like He meets our today. He will provide food, clothing, and shelter for them. They are to preach for free, and not charge for it. Give for free as you have received for free.
The 12 disciples who founded the church reflect the 12 Tribes of Israel who founded the nation of Israel. Israel was to be the light of the world. When they rejected him, the Gospel spread to the rest of the world.
The dusting of feet is symbolic of the Jews dusting their feet when they visited a Gentile nation so they would be clean.
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