parable of unmerciful servant matthew 19

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 19, Day 5: Matthew 18:21-35


Jesus tells the Parable of the Unmerciful Servant when Peter asks Jesus how many times he should forgive his brother. Jesus answers with 77 and then tells the parable of a man who owed the king money. The king was about to sell his family to pay the debt, but the man begged him to be patient with him. The king forgave his debt and let him go. However, this man did not show mercy to a man who owed him money. When the king found out, he had him tortured and ordered him to pay back the money he owed. You must forgive your brother from your heart, Jesus says.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 19, Day 5: Matthew 18:21-35

13a) That he had the same person sinning against him repeatedly.

b) That he must forgive his brother 77 times.

c) To show mercy to others as Jesus shows us mercy every day.

14a) It’s important to realize when things are just petty and don’t matter in the grand scheme of things, especially in terms of eternity.

b) I find it hard to forgive those closest to me. The hurt is just too great.

c) My parents. Unsure. Call them. Visit them.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 19, Day 5: Matthew 18:21-35

Jesus has done so much for us that it truly is little to forgive others and treat them as we want to be treated.

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 19, Day 5: Matthew 18:21-35

At the time, the accepted standard was to forgive someone three times as set forth by the rabbis. Peter probably thought he was being extremely generous when he more than doubled this number — that is, until Jesus put him in his place.

Jesus’s answer means we forgive unlimited amounts of time.

Settling accounts was a common and regular practice in biblical times.

Ten thousand talents would be worth anywhere between $12 million and $1 billion in today’s terms. It was a huge debt.

The man would never be able to pay (so how he racked up that much debt in ancient times is unclear). The selling of his family was merely a drop in the hat for payment.

The other servant’s debt was about 100 days worth of work, which was a large amount, too.

Note the plea is the same, and the forgiven man turns a blind eye.

The forgiven man seems to have no regrets over his actions, which helps to explain the harshness of the king’s judgement.

Any debt someone owes us is insignificant in comparison to the debt that Jesus paid for us on the cross.

Forgiveness can be one-sided. After all, it’s for your benefit to forgive so you aren’t consumed with bitterness.

You must forgive with the heart, or it’s meaningless and worthless.

If you will not forgive,  you cannot expect to be forgiven.

Fun Fact: Matthew, a tax collector, records Jesus’s teachings on money found nowhere else in the Gospels. He also records Jesus’s words on how to treat the poor and the needy.

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jacob agrees to work for rachel for 7 years genesis 29

BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 19, Day 3: Genesis 29:15-20

Summary of Genesis 29:15-20:

Laban asks Jacob after a month what his wages were be (in sum, what he actually wants and why he is here). Jacob responds that he will work 7 years for Rachel’s hand in marriage. Leah was the older daughter, she is described as having weak eyes, while Rachel is lovely in form and beautiful. The time flew for Jacob so in love was he.

BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 19, Day 3: Genesis 29:15-20

6) Apparently Jacob was working for Laban for free.

7a) It taught him patience to have what he wants, and it’s a fair price for his work.

b) Jacob could have offered to pay Laban; instead, he works for what he wants, which is the opposite today in this world of instant gratification

8a) Proverbs says God disciplines those He loves for His reasons and their good. Romans 8:28 is the famous verse of all things work for your good. James tells us that we are tested to develop perseverance. Peter tells us that grief proves our faith to be genuine and results in praise, glory, and honor when Jesus is revealed. We are filled with joy becaues of our faith.

b) Stay the course. Keep praying. Keep working. Keep following His lead despite the hardships and the setbacks.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 19, Day 3: Genesis 29:15-20

I think Jacob’s mistake is not leaving as soon as he could, like Abraham’s servant did with Rebekah. It gave Laban time to plot.

man in desert

End Notes BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 19, Day 3: Genesis 29:15-20

While on the surface, Laban seems to be generous, he’s seen the good work Jacob could do and wants to see what Jacob wants in exchange for continued work.

Bible scholars debate what Leah’s eyes being weak or delicate actually mean. Does it mean she has a problem with her vision? Does it mean she has no life to them like her sister? Is it just a nice way to say she wasn’t pretty? Either way, we can guess that if Rachel is more beautiful than Leah that there was a sibling rivalry between the two.

Jacob offers to work for 7 years for Rachel as a dowry. This is over-the-top generous, which was probably his downfall. It showed how much he really wanted Rachel, which Laban would exploit next. Yet it shows his love for her. He was willing to wait. This is a long time in today’s culture and rare is this “I want it now” culture seen today. Time flew for him too.

We can surmise that Jacob and Rachel probably did not see each other much. First, in these times and culture, women did not spend time with men and were often relegated to the home, whereas the men worked the fields. Second, there were no date nights back there. Social propriety was strictly enforced to ensure no one questioned the woman’s purity. However, since both were shepherds, they could have spent some time together and got to know each other more.

Jacob is now 77 years old at this time and he kept sheep for Laban Hos. 12:12 Rachel was very young, maybe even barely marriageable age, which may be another reason Jacob wanted to wait.