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Friday Digest BSF Matthew Lesson 22

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW IN MATTHEW 21:18-22:14 BSF LESSON 22

  • Accept Jesus and you will bear fruit
  • Pray boldly in faith
  • God will reveal truth; all you have to do is ask
  • God offers multiple opportunities to come to Him
  • Rejection means judgment
  • God sacrificed his Son so we don’t have to experience His wrath

TAKE AWAY: Live a fruitful life in every moment of every day.

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 5: Matthew 22:1-14

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 22:1-14

Jesus tells the chief priests the Parable of the Wedding Banquet where Jesus compares the kingdom of heaven to a king preparing the wedding banquet for his son. Those who have been invited refused to come, even after the food was prepared. Instead, those invited killed the messengers. Thus, the king sent his army to destroy the murderers and burn their city.

Next, the king invites anyone on the streets to the wedding banquet. Many came, good and bad. However, one came who was not wearing wedding clothes. He was tossed out. The message is that many are invited, but few are chosen.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 5: Matthew 22:1-14

13) Jesus tells the chief priests the Parable of the Wedding Banquet where Jesus compares the kingdom of heaven to a king preparing the wedding banquet for his son. Those who have been invited refused to come, even after the food was prepared. Instead, those invited killed the messengers. Thus, the king sent his army to destroy the murderers and burn their city.

Next, the king invites anyone on the streets to the wedding banquet. Many came, good and bad. However, one came who was not wearing wedding clothes. He was tossed out. The message is that many are invited, but few are chosen.

14a) Isaiah 61:10 tells us that the clothes are the garments of salvation and of righteousness. Here, they are symbolizing the acceptance of Jesus.

b) He is telling them they will be destroyed and miss out on the kingdom of heaven if they don’t turn to him.

15) It’s hard to quantify. I am truly blessed to be a Christian and everything I have and am I owe to Jesus’s sacrifice and God’s grace.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 5: Matthew 22:1-14

This parable shows us that God never gives up on anyone. Jesus keeps pleaing with the religious leaders, telling them the consequences of their actions. Similarly, God never gives up on us, either.

Great reminder about God’s plans!

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 5: Matthew 22:1-14

Jesus explains again in another parable (The Parable of the Wedding Banquet) the danger of rejecting him.

This is probably THE event of the year and decade here. A king’s son’s wedding! Think about modern royal weddings. An invitation normally would have been prized, indeed. There is no logical reason to reject such an invitation.

The king is God here. His Son is Jesus. The invitation is to accept Jesus and enter into eternal life with God.

The king tries again. Many historical scholars say that in ancient times, the Jews would send out an invite like a “save the date” card today. Then they would tell everyone when the day had arrived and everything was ready.

Note how everything is ready — it really is that simple when accepting Jesus.

They rejected the invite again; this time, the king brings judgment. We see Jerusalem’s future here.

Next, the king invites everyone (as the Gospel was extended to the Gentiles) out of grace.

Some commentators believe the king would offer his guests garments to wear. However, in this parable, we see no evidence of that tradition.

The point of the man in inappropriate clothing is that he came for the wrong reasons — for the food. He was not there to celebrate the wedding.

You can only be with God if you are clothed in righteousness (accept Jesus). Again, the man had a chance to accept Jesus when asked about his clothes. He was mute.

Those who don’t accept Christ, who are indifferent, antagonistic, and even unmoved can expect the same fate — to be bound and thrown out.

Take away: All are invited to accept the message of the Gospel. Few do.

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 4: Matthew 21:33-46

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 21:33-46

Jesus tells the Parable of the Tenants. A landowner rented out his vineyard. When it was time to collect the rent, he sent his servants to do so. The tenants beat one servant, killed another, and stoned a third. The landowner sent other servants who were treated the same way. Finally, he sent his son who was killed, too. Jesus asks what will the landowner do when he goes to his tenants. The response is he will kill them and rent out the land to others.

Jesus said that the stone that was rejected will be the capstone, quoting Psalm 18:22-23. He says the kingdom of God will be taken from them (the priests and teachers of the law) and given to a people who will produce fruit (Gentiles). The chief priests wanted to arrest Jesus but couldn’t because everyone saw him as a prophet.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 4: Matthew 21:33-46

10) The landowner is God. The tenants is Israel. The servants are the Old Testament prophets. The heir is Jesus. The vineyard is the land of Israel.

11a) Jesus is the cornerstone of Christianity. Faith in Jesus is the key to the kingdom of heaven. 1 Corinthians 1:23 says Jesus is a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles. Jesus is the stumbling stone to many to God. Those who reject Jesus will never gain the kingdom of heaven, which is Jesus’s message to the religious leaders. Those who accept Jesus (the Gentiles in Jesus’s parable) will bear fruit and gain heaven.

b) Every way. People reject Jesus’s message in every aspect of their lives, picking and choosing what to believe and what not to believe.

12) It makes life harder, that’s for sure. When people don’t do the right thing.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 4: Matthew 21:33-46

The message is one of how without Jesus, you are lost and do harm to others indiscriminately like how the religious leaders are persecuting and will kill Jesus. There are severe consequences for doing so.

More ways to help strengthen your prayer life!

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 4: Matthew 21:33-46

The belief of the tenants was if they killed the heir, then they would be able to take over the vineyard for themselves. Instead, the owner would judge and destroy them.

The Old Testament uses the vineyard to represent Israel  (Deuteronomy 32:32Psalm 80:8Jeremiah 2:21, and especially Isaiah 5:1-7).

Note how the owner (God) expects his son (Jesus) to be respected. Instead, the Son is killed. (a foretelling of his own death).

The message to the chief priests is clear — they can expect severe judgment for rejecting Jesus. The leaders have shown no fruit.

Leadership would now be given to the apostles and eventually to the Church (both Jewish and Gentiles).

Jesus asks the leaders if they’ve ever read the Scriptures. They are probably much offended by this since they obviously have.

The leaders answer to Jesus’s question has them condemning themselves.

Jesus is clearly laying out the consequences of rejecting him, and he is telling them that he is the chief cornerstone from Psalm 118.

We see the cornerstone here, too:  Daniel 2:3444-45 Isaiah 8:13-15  Isaiah 28:16,

Jesus is telling the leaders to expect to lose their leadership to others. You can either be broken by submission to God or broken by judgment.

Jesus shows grace to the leaders by giving them multiple opportunities to come to him. Instead, the reject him and kill him.

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 3: Matthew 21:23-32

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 21:23-32

Jesus is questioned again by the chief priests and the elders while he was teaching at the temple courts about his authority. Jesus in turn asked them to answer one question first which was if John’s baptism was from heaven or from man. The elders conferred and couldn’t draw a good conclusion so they said they didn’t know. Thus, Jesus declined to answer their question since they could not answer his.

Jesus told the parable of the two sons. The father asked both sons to go to the vineyard to work for him. One said no, but went later in the day. The other son agreed to work, but never went. Jesus asks which of the two did what his father wanted. They answered the first. Jesus then says the tax collectors and the prostitutes are entering the kingdom of heaven ahead of many for they believed John who showed the way of righteousness.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 3: Matthew 21:23-32

6a) They asked Jesus: “By what authority are you doing these things? And who gave you this authority?” Jesus told them they must first answer a question he poses. Then he will answer their questions.

b) They were only taking into account the politics of their answer and what the people would think. They did not care what the real answer was to Jesus’s question. Since they couldn’t decide which answer would be better viewed by the people and would be “right” to say, they said they did not know. They did not care about the will of God.

7a) Probably in every aspect of my life. Really too many to say precisely.

b) Jesus has authority over the entire world. It should not be questioned.

8 ) The first son said no but had regrets and went later. This represents those who have accepted Jesus. The second son said yes but never went. The second son represents many Christians who and answer God’s call of “Will you follow me?” and they say “I will,” but in their hearts, they are not believers.

9) I’m more the first. My initial reaction is no because it’s usually something uncomfortable, but in the end, I follow. Human nature and sin prompt us to immediately say no.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 3: Matthew 21:23-32

I love the Parable of the Two Sons. How many of us do this? We say yes to God with no intention of following through.

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 3: Matthew 21:23-32

Remember that the previous day Jesus had just cleansed the temple by throwing out the money lenders and price gougers. The priests were curious what right he had to do those things.

The answer to the question Jesus posed the religious leaders is the answer to the question of Jesus’s authority. The answer “men” would upset the crowd who revered John. The answer “heaven” would have shown them to be hypocrites since John believed Jesus to be the Messiah.

When the leaders failed to acknowledge Jesus’s authority, they rejected God at the same time.

God will reveal truth; all you have to do is ask.

Jesus knew this was another trap by the religious leaders. He had no compassion for them.

The Three Parables of God’s Judgment

  1. The Parable of the Two Sons
  2. The Parable of the Tenants
  3. The Parable of the Wedding Banquet

Remember a parable is a story that aims to reveal truth in an understandable way. Jesus’s parables are merciful to the receptive and informative of your fate if you reject him. At each parable, the religious leaders could have repented. They did not.

The Parable of the Two Sons

Since the sons lived in the father’s household, it was expected they work for him. He asked the sons individually, not collectively. He addressed them as son.

The first son said no but had regrets and went later. (This represents all of humanity).

The second son said yes but never went. (This represents the teachers of the law who profess obedience to God, but don’t accept Christ).

Both rejected the father’s authority (the father is God in this story).

The second son represents many Christians who and answer God’s call of “Will you follow me?” and they say “I will,” but in their hearts, they are not believers. You will forever be lost without acceptance.

Actions are what matter, not your words.

Tax collectors and prostitutes were regarded as the lowest class. This should have made those who don’t follow Jesus repent.

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 2: Matthew 21:18-22

SUMMARY OF MATTHEW 21:18-22

Jesus is on his way back to Jerusalem. He was hungry and hoped to find fruit on a fig tree. When he found none, he told the fig tree to never bear fruit again, so it withered. The disciples were stumped (no pun intended), so Jesus explained what had happened. Jesus told them if they have faith and do not doubt, mountains will throw themselves into the sea on command, too. If you believe, you’ll receive whatever you ask for in prayer.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 2: Matthew 21:18-22

3) Jesus was hungry, but when he found no fruit to eat, he told the fig tree to never bear fruit again, so it withered.

4a) The fig tree was supposed to have fruit for it had leaves. The fig tree reprenents those who are all show, but no actions.

b) They do not believe so they don’t bear fruit. They were all show with no real faith at all.

5a) Jesus told them if they have faith and do not doubt, mountains will throw themselves into the sea on command, too. If you believe, you’ll receive whatever you ask for in prayer. He encouraged them to ask and it will be given and they will bear fruit because of it. The miracle was an act of prayer with faith. He encourage his disciples to have this kind of faith, trusting that God will answer.

b) It both challenges me to have faith and helps me to ask for things in prayer and have faith, too.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 2: Matthew 21:18-22

This is an often-forgotten story of Jesus hidden in this chapter that serves to remind us to have faith in God to answer our prayers.

Great for strengthening your prayer life!

End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 22, Day 2: Matthew 21:18-22

This is one of two destructive miracles of Jesus. We read about the first one when Jesus cast out demons into pigs Matthew 8:30-32

Note Jesus does not harm humans.

The fig tree represents those in Israel who do not accept him. Outwardly, they look like they are followers of God. Inwardly, they are not and thus they bear no fruit. Jesus knows their hearts.

Here, he judges the tree, as he will you and me. Those who fail can expect death.

Take away: Pray with faith to receive.

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Friday Digest: BSF’s Study of Genesis Lesson 22

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW IN GENESIS CHAPTERS 34-36:

  • Saving power of grace
  • God’s people should stand above others in all things, including behavior
  • Repaying evil with evil is never justified
  • Only God can overcome sin
  • God uses crises to move you back to Him
  • The story of Jacob is the story of God, not of the man himself
  • All of us have highs and lows for and towards God
  • Retribution is God’s alone
  • The path to God is always open

Take Away: Sin is omnipresent; only Jesus can make you whole.

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BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 22, Day 5: Genesis 36

Summary of Genesis 36:

Esau moved to a land some distance from Jacob because the land could not support both of their livestocks.  Esau settled in Seir.

BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 22, Day 5: Genesis 36

13) Esau intermarried with Canaanite women. God still blessed him as he had to move away from Jacob because their livestock were too great in number. Esau was the father of the Edomites.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 22, Day 5: Genesis 36

Esau was important enough in God’s eyes to have all of his descendants listed in the Bible.  He was loved despite his sins and blessed beyond what was deserved.  God is faithful even when we aren’t!  Can you imagine the blessings He has in store for those who are faithful?

End Notes BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 22, Day 5: Genesis 36

Genesis lists the families not in the line of Messiah first. After this, we’ll hear no more of Esau and his line; it will be all about Jacob’s line.

Seir is the land south of the Dead Sea.

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God blessed Esau because he was Abraham’s descendant and not for what he did. Again, God can do what He likes, even if we don’t agree with it. Kings came from Esau.

Fun Fact: Edom is mentioned more than 130 times in the Bible.

God loved Jacob and hated Esau (Malachi 1:2-3 and Romans 9:13).

Amalekites came from Amalek in this list. They were Israel’s enemies (Exodus 17:8-16Deuteronomy 25:17-191 Samuel 15:1-8).

It’s cool to see history played out.

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BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 22, Day 2: Genesis 34:1-12

Summary of Genesis 34:1-12:

Dinah, daughter of Jacob, decided to go visit the women of the land (unsure why).  Shechem, the son of the ruler of the area, Hamor, took her and raped her. He fell in love with her. Jacob and his sons were angry over this. Hamor asked Jacob for Dinah’s hand in marriage for his son, Shechem, and invited them to intermarry with them, trade, and own property in the land.

BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 22, Day 2: Genesis 34:1-12

3) “They were filled with grief and fury.” Who wouldn’t be angry that their sister had been raped? Plus, Dinah would not be able to marry not being a virgin in that time.

4a) Shechem wanted to marry Dinah. Hamor offered Jacob and his family to settle among them, marry their daughters, live in the land, trade in it, and own property.

b) God’s people were called to not intermarry with the pagan cultures around them because then they will turn away from God to other gods.

5a) All cruelty bothers me.

b) Definitely pray about it. It can be overwhelming the sheer amount of evil in the world, but knowing God’s god it gives me peace. Help those I can.

Conclusions BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 22, Day 2: Genesis 34:1-12

Unsure why Dinah went to town in the first place, and it sounds like she went by herself so she violated that rule/culture at the time. Now, they had little choice but to let Dinah get married.

End Notes BSF Study Questions Genesis: Lesson 22, Day 2: Genesis 34:1-12

map of Shechem www.atozmomm.com Genesis 34This story is used to prove the verity of the Bible. After all, who would record such evil deeds except God?

God had called Jacob to Bethel (Genesis 31:13), not Shechem. Inevitably, when you disobey God, bad things can happen.

It falls on Jacob for allowing Dinah to go unsupervised to the city. Yet, nothing is mentioned of that fact. In those times, it seems unsupervised women were raped. Dinah, as a teen, did rebellious things that have consequences as most teenagers do.

Was it love since Shechem raped Dinah? This was probably more a desire to have something more so than love.

Jacob’s sons are more angry than Jacob himself it seems. Jacob should have done something. Instead, the sons felt obligated to, and their choice was infinitely worse without guidance from the head of the family. In ancient times, however, the revenge of the brothers was commonplace.

The marriage proposal threatened God’s plan for all of humanity. God did not want intermarriage of his people, wanting them distinct from other cultures. The fix proposed by Shechem was not a fix at all. It would set a dangerous precedent.

They thought money could erase what happened. Imagine how Dinah felt. Being raped is one of the most vile crimes on this planet, leaving a lifetime full of sorrow and pain. Dinah probably wanted nothing to do with Shechem.