BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 29, Day 5: Matthew 28:16-20

Summary of passage:  The disciples go to Galilee where Jesus told them to meet him.  They worshiped him when they saw him but some doubted.  Jesus said he had been given all authority in heaven and earth and to go and baptize all in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Teach them to obey all the commands and I will be with you always to the end of time.

Questions:

11)  According to Webster’s authority means “power to influence or command thought, opinion, or behavior; persons in command; a conclusive statement; testimony; a citation used in defense or support; convincing force or weight.”

12a)  Jesus commanded his disciples to go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit and teaching them to obey all the commands.  Jesus promises to be with you always to the very end of the age.

b)  The word “all” is repeated (more times in other translations than here).  All authority, all nations, all things, all days.  Jesus is speaking to every person on this planet with eternal power.  Everyone is to know him from now (1st century AD) until the present moment and the future.  The idea of authority and command is also repeated.  Jesus has the right to tell us what to do, and therefore we must obey unconditionally.  That is the scope:  it applies to all of us without question and for all time.

c)  Baptize them in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit and teach them to obey all he has commanded.

d)  Personal Question.  My answer:  My kids just got baptized!  It was awesome!  Talk about Jesus to others everywhere I go.

e)  As our Lord, he has the right to command us.  He tells us to do something we should do it like we expect our kids to do what we tell them to do.  And he promises to be with us as we do it.  With Jesus by our side, we cannot fail.  Nothing is impossible.  Only with him and through him will we be all we were created to be.

13)  Personal Question.  My answer:

Romans 5:10:  Jesus’ resurrection gives us a new life with God.  Live as such.

2 Corinthians 4:10-18:  Fix your eyes on eternity and not the troubles of the here and now.  We carry around Jesus’ life within us and we should overflow with gratitude. Do not focus on life’s circumstances but on the greater picture to come.  Reflect Jesus to others in your daily walk.

Galatians 2:20:  Die to self; live for Christ through faith in him.  Do God’s will and not your own.

Philippians 3:10:  We share in Christ’s sufferings.  Our sufferings grow and change us, making us more like Jesus and better able to spread the Good News to others.

Colossians 3:1-4:  Set your heart and mind on heaven and not on earthly things.  For you have died and only Christ is alive in you.  Remember things here on earth are only temporary and not important.  God’s work is what matters and nothing else.

Conclusions:  The emphasis here is on the importance of doing God’s work and following His will for your life and not yours.  Also, the importance of sharing the gospel with others.  As Jesus’ last words spoken to his disciples while in physical form here on earth, don’t you think they are the most important?  So they should be to us also.

What a comfort Jesus’ last recorded words:  “I am with you always, to the very end of the age.”  Can you imagine how your life would change if at every moment of every day you knew Jesus was walking with you and present in every situation (good and bad) in your life?

God was there.  I was just blind.

End Notes:  Jesus’ authority is what sends us, guides us, and empowers us to do his commission and nothing else.

Disciples are not converts.  They are students, scholars, and learners and they are made, not born instantly.  It is a life-long process to become a disciple of Christ for it takes that long to get to know him and be like him.

Note the absence of circumcision here.  This new covenant does not require an outward sign anymore, only inward is what matters.  Yes, baptism is an outward sign to the world, but it affects the internal more than the external.

“In” is also translated “into” so into the name of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

Note also the singular “name”, meaning the Son, Father, and Holy Spirit are one, not three separate deities.

Note the teaching of “all things” and not just some things in the Bible as is popular today.

We work for and with Jesus as he is with us in every moment of every day.  He protects us, powers us, gives us peace in our daily lives.  Each footfall is next to his but more so is behind his as well as he guides us on his path to righteousness and salvation.  We cannot fail with Jesus.

Suggestion:  Read the other versions of the commission.  Mark focuses on Jesus’ chastisement of the disciples’ unbelief.  He includes what happens if people do not believe and signs of belief.  He just says to go and preach, not to make disciples.

Luke focuses as well on the disciples’ doubt.  He ate in their presence probably to help alleviate some of this.  He just mentions preaching and being sent out to the world.

John merely records Jesus interacting with Peter but here we see the commission as well:  feed and care for Jesus’ sheep and follow him.  Here, we see teach and turn to followers (disciples) of Christ.

My favorite?  Matthew’s by far.  The focus is on learning about Christ, sharing Christ, and him always being with us–in my opinion, three of the most important things about Jesus.  We need to learn about him.  We need to share him.  And he is there always.  We are never alone.

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BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 29, Day 3: John 20:1-18; Luke 24:12-32

Summary of passages:  John 20:1-18:  Mary Magdalene returns to Jesus’ tomb early on the first day of the week and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance.  She ran to Simon Peter and the other disciple (John) that Jesus had loved and told them that Jesus’ body had been taken.

Peter and the other disciple run to Jesus’ tomb to investigate and saw strips of linen lying in the tomb and the burial cloth that had been wrapped around Jesus’ head.  The disciples returned home but Mary stood outside the tomb crying.  She looked in the tomb and saw two angels in white seater where Jesus’ body had been.  They asked her why she was crying and she answered because Jesus’ body was stolen and she doesn’t know where it is.

Jesus appeared at that moment.  He asked her the same thing and she does not recognize him until he utters her name.  He told her to go and tell his brothers that he will be returning to his Father and she did.

Luke 24:12-32:  Being told by the women that Jesus had arisen, Peter ran to the tomb to see for himself since he didn’t believe them.  He saw the strips of linen in Jesus’ tomb but still wondered what had happened.

On the road to Emmaus that same day, two of Jesus’ followers were wondering what was going on.  Jesus appeared to them but they did not recognize him.  He asked them what they were speaking about.  Cleopas said he must be a stranger if he doesn’t know recent events.  They recounted the story of how Jesus had been crucified and how his body was now missing and how the women had said he is risen from the dead.

Jesus called them foolish not to understand the prophets so he began with Moses and explained all the Scriptures concerning himself.  They invited him to stay with them overnight.  He blessed the bread and then they recognized him and Jesus disappeared.

Questions:

6)  “The cloth was folded up by itself, separate from the linen.”  The fact that the strips of linen and cloth were neatly arranged discounted the grave robbery theory as robbers have no concern for neatness and would have hurriedly stripped off the linen to get to what lay beneath.

7a)  As intimate as sheep who know their master’s voice like Mary who instantly recognized him when he spoke her name.  The caregiver for all of their needs and whom they implicitly trust, obey, and follow.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  This whole study has impressed upon me the importance of doing His calling for my life on this earth.  How not to give up on that in the face of adversity.

8a)  Personal Question.  My answer:  The importance of understanding the Scriptures and the prophecies of the Old Testament.  The importance of listening to Jesus when he does explain them to you.  And the importance of sharing those lessons learned with others as Jesus himself did.  How we should pray to see Jesus in our midst.  How we should pray for our hearts to be set aflame by him.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I try to explain to my kids the meanings and the intricacies of the Bible in terms they will understand.  And I try to explain to you all as well what I understand.  I pray to see Jesus and have him guide my heart and I pray this for others and my kids as well.  I teach them he is there and we can see him with grace and love.

Conclusions:  Don’t like reading John in the middle of the chapter.  Read more for further understanding.  Who amongst us wouldn’t have wanted to have been on that road to Emmaus to hear Jesus explain the Old Testament?  Wow!  What a gift!  Can you imagine the power of Jesus uttering your name and you instantly recognize him?  I want to hear my name spoken from his lips!

Overall, filler lesson since Matthew was not mentioned at all with a lot of personal questions.  Important?  Yes.  For we all must learn to recognize Jesus’ voice in our lives and understand the connections of the Old and New Testaments.

End Notes:  Cleopas could very well be the husband of “Mary the wife of Clopas” who stood faithfully by Jesus’ cross as he died (John 19:25).

John and Peter do not understand what they see because they have forgotten Jesus’ words.  They only know something amazing has happened.

Note Mary is NOT afraid when the angels appear to her here.  This is one of the few places in the Bible when someone is not afraid when angels appear to man.  Her grief is such that their presence does not affect her.

Mary plans to carry Jesus away when she finds him.  How she would accomplish this remains a mystery but her devotion is such she only is focused on finding Jesus.

Mary is already clinging to Jesus when he tells her to not hold onto him.  This tells us he definitely has a tangible, physical body.

Note Jesus’ distinction between “my father” and “your father”.  He is differentiating himself from us as he should since he is our lord as well.

If someone had fabricated this story, would they make a woman the first to see Jesus?  No. Women were nothing in first century AD.  This speaks to the Truth of God’s Word.

Jesus knew the 2 men on the road to Emmaus were sad when they shouldn’t be.  Hence, he wanted them to understand what had truly happened.  Amazing God’s care for the lost!

Jesus encourages them to tell him things even though he already knows them.  As God wants us to do always.

Jesus called them foolish for not believing the testimony of others.  It was a heart problem as so often it is with us.

We should pray that Jesus opens our eyes to see him who walks by our side every day.  Then, as these two men did, we will see him and understand.  Their hearts were set aflame by Jesus’ words. What our prayer should be every day:  to be on fire for Jesus!

Map of Emmaus with great re-telling and famous accompanying artwork:  http://www.jesus-story.net/emmaus.htm

Cleopas:  What we know is basically what the Bible tells us of him.  He is never mentioned again outside of this story.  More information HERE if interested.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 29, Day 2: Matthew 28:1-15

Summary of passage:  Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to Jesus’ tomb after the Sabbath at dawn.  An angel of the Lord came down from heaven and rolled the stone back.  He appeared like lightning in all white.  The guards were afraid of him and fainted.

The angel told the women to not be afraid and that Jesus has risen.  Come and see and then go and tell the disciples that Jesus is in Galilee.  The women did as told and on the way Jesus met them.  They worshipped him and Jesus told the women the same message as the angels said.

The guards went into Jerusalem and told the chief priests what had happened.  The chief priests and elders bribed the guards to say that the disciples had come and stolen Jesus’ body and they would keep the soldiers from getting into trouble because of it.  The soldiers agreed.

Questions:

3a)  Three days after he was crucified on the Sabbath.  Mark 16:1 says when the Sabbath was over.  Luke and John both say the women arrived early on the first day of the week.

b)  Mary Magdalene and the other Mary.  Mark 16:1 says Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of Jesus and Salome.  Luke does not name them until verse 10, saying Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and others.  John just mentions Mary Magdalene.

c)  Jesus had already risen.

4a)  A violent earthquake had accompanied the angel.  His appearance was like lightning and he single-handedly opened the tomb.  Mark tells us that the tomb was already open and a young man dressed in a white robe was sitting in Jesus tomb.  They were afraid as well because Jesus’ body was missing.  Luke says that two men in clothes gleaming like lightning suddenly appeared beside the women in the tomb that had already been opened.  John says Mary Magdalene saw tow angels in the tomb seated where Jesus’ body had been.  She was crying and then Jesus himself appears to her.

[Fear is a natural human response to supernatural events and things the mind cannot comprehend nor understand.]

b)  They came to him, clasped his feet, and worshiped him.  The other gospels’ versions are too different here to compare.

c)  The same thing the angels told them to do:  “Go and tell my brothers to go to Galilee; there they will see me.”  The other gospels’ versions are too different to compare.

d)  Personal Question.  My answer:  With Jesus, fear is masked by a hope and a knowledge of what is to come.  Everyone is afraid at times in their life especially as children since there is just so much we do not know yet.  We are afraid of people, of evil, of bad things happening, of death of ourselves or of loved ones, of the unknown, of circumstances that spiral out of control, etc.  But with Jesus we can be calm as the storm swirls around us and find comfort in him.

With the Holy Spirit, he is always present within so we don’t have to be alone when frightful things happen in this world.  Pray and he will be there–always.

5a)  Jesus’ friends:  With joy and worship.

The guards:  With fear.

The Jewish leaders:  With fear and denial and deception.

The Jewish people:  Not told in Matthew.  Luke leads us to believe confusion.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  The disciples didn’t understand themselves Jesus’ death and purpose yet so how could they invent such a story of resurrection?  Also, they doubted as well what they had seen until Jesus himself appeared to them.  Furthermore, they had no motivation to invent such a story.  They would only be persecuted more for saying such a thing.  Why bring that upon themselves?

Conclusions:  A better question for 5b would have been “Which group in part A could you identify with and how do you respond to Jesus’ Resurrection?”  Overall, liked this lesson.  Interesting how again the story and the details vary amongst the disciples.  Love how the priests are still trying to be in control of earthly events and to maintain their power.  But money cannot hide the Truth.

End Notes:  The women were headed to properly embalm and care for Jesus’ body.  Jewish law strictly forbade handling dead bodies during the Sabbath and since he died during a Sabbath celebration they had to wait for its conclusion.

Matthew is the only one who notes the earthquake.  The earth shook at Jesus’ death and at the announcement of his resurrection.

Jesus is the first one recorded in the Bible to be resurrected with a new body.  He is still resurrected in heaven.

Jesus had already left the tomb when the angel appeared.  The only reason the stone was rolled away was for the benefit of the witnesses to testify that Jesus was not there.  Note how it’s the same people who watched Jesus’ body being placed in the tomb who witnessed to its being gone.  This proves the truth of their words.

Jesus’ resurrection proved that he had paid our sins with the Father and that it was accepted.

If you are running towards Christ, it is likely he will meet you.  If you are moving slowly, there is more chance of failure along the way.  So run to him!

Historically speaking, there is more evidence for Christ’s resurrection than most other events in history.  Doubters are those like the priests:  they know the truth but reject it.  And for that they will pay the price.

Fun Fact:  This is the first time Jesus calls his disciples “Brothers”.