Summary of passages: John 20:1-18: Mary Magdalene returns to Jesus’ tomb early on the first day of the week and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance. She ran to Simon Peter and the other disciple (John) that Jesus had loved and told them that Jesus’ body had been taken.
Peter and the other disciple run to Jesus’ tomb to investigate and saw strips of linen lying in the tomb and the burial cloth that had been wrapped around Jesus’ head. The disciples returned home but Mary stood outside the tomb crying. She looked in the tomb and saw two angels in white seater where Jesus’ body had been. They asked her why she was crying and she answered because Jesus’ body was stolen and she doesn’t know where it is.
Jesus appeared at that moment. He asked her the same thing and she does not recognize him until he utters her name. He told her to go and tell his brothers that he will be returning to his Father and she did.
Luke 24:12-32: Being told by the women that Jesus had arisen, Peter ran to the tomb to see for himself since he didn’t believe them. He saw the strips of linen in Jesus’ tomb but still wondered what had happened.
On the road to Emmaus that same day, two of Jesus’ followers were wondering what was going on. Jesus appeared to them but they did not recognize him. He asked them what they were speaking about. Cleopas said he must be a stranger if he doesn’t know recent events. They recounted the story of how Jesus had been crucified and how his body was now missing and how the women had said he is risen from the dead.
Jesus called them foolish not to understand the prophets so he began with Moses and explained all the Scriptures concerning himself. They invited him to stay with them overnight. He blessed the bread and then they recognized him and Jesus disappeared.
6) “The cloth was folded up by itself, separate from the linen.” The fact that the strips of linen and cloth were neatly arranged discounted the grave robbery theory as robbers have no concern for neatness and would have hurriedly stripped off the linen to get to what lay beneath.
7a) As intimate as sheep who know their master’s voice like Mary who instantly recognized him when he spoke her name. The caregiver for all of their needs and whom they implicitly trust, obey, and follow.
b) Personal Question. My answer: This whole study has impressed upon me the importance of doing His calling for my life on this earth. How not to give up on that in the face of adversity.
8a) Personal Question. My answer: The importance of understanding the Scriptures and the prophecies of the Old Testament. The importance of listening to Jesus when he does explain them to you. And the importance of sharing those lessons learned with others as Jesus himself did. How we should pray to see Jesus in our midst. How we should pray for our hearts to be set aflame by him.
b) Personal Question. My answer: I try to explain to my kids the meanings and the intricacies of the Bible in terms they will understand. And I try to explain to you all as well what I understand. I pray to see Jesus and have him guide my heart and I pray this for others and my kids as well. I teach them he is there and we can see him with grace and love.
Conclusions: Don’t like reading John in the middle of the chapter. Read more for further understanding. Who amongst us wouldn’t have wanted to have been on that road to Emmaus to hear Jesus explain the Old Testament? Wow! What a gift! Can you imagine the power of Jesus uttering your name and you instantly recognize him? I want to hear my name spoken from his lips!
Overall, filler lesson since Matthew was not mentioned at all with a lot of personal questions. Important? Yes. For we all must learn to recognize Jesus’ voice in our lives and understand the connections of the Old and New Testaments.
End Notes: Cleopas could very well be the husband of “Mary the wife of Clopas” who stood faithfully by Jesus’ cross as he died (John 19:25).
John and Peter do not understand what they see because they have forgotten Jesus’ words. They only know something amazing has happened.
Note Mary is NOT afraid when the angels appear to her here. This is one of the few places in the Bible when someone is not afraid when angels appear to man. Her grief is such that their presence does not affect her.
Mary plans to carry Jesus away when she finds him. How she would accomplish this remains a mystery but her devotion is such she only is focused on finding Jesus.
Mary is already clinging to Jesus when he tells her to not hold onto him. This tells us he definitely has a tangible, physical body.
Note Jesus’ distinction between “my father” and “your father”. He is differentiating himself from us as he should since he is our lord as well.
If someone had fabricated this story, would they make a woman the first to see Jesus? No. Women were nothing in first century AD. This speaks to the Truth of God’s Word.
Jesus knew the 2 men on the road to Emmaus were sad when they shouldn’t be. Hence, he wanted them to understand what had truly happened. Amazing God’s care for the lost!
Jesus encourages them to tell him things even though he already knows them. As God wants us to do always.
Jesus called them foolish for not believing the testimony of others. It was a heart problem as so often it is with us.
We should pray that Jesus opens our eyes to see him who walks by our side every day. Then, as these two men did, we will see him and understand. Their hearts were set aflame by Jesus’ words. What our prayer should be every day: to be on fire for Jesus!
Map of Emmaus with great re-telling and famous accompanying artwork: http://www.jesus-story.net/emmaus.htm
Cleopas: What we know is basically what the Bible tells us of him. He is never mentioned again outside of this story. More information HERE if interested.