BSF Study Questions Romans Lesson 9, Day 4: Romans 5:18-19

Summary of passage:  Adam’s sin condemned man but Jesus’s gift of sacrificial life justifies us!  Disobedience made us sinners; obedience makes us righteous.


8 )  Part personal Question.  My answer:  Eternal hell, earthly death, judgment, wrath, anger, trouble, distress, destruction, punishment, abandonment by God, the lake of Fire.  Basically, life without Jesus at the end will be tortuous.  It motivates me to tell unbelievers about their fate if they don’t turn.

9a)  Jesus’s death on the cross

b)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  A life of obedience and faith, peace, blessings, contentment, eternal life, experiencing the love of God, a life with God, God’s power in us to do His will, a purpose.  I try my best to rely on God and live out His principles amongst the sin of this world.  I feel very blessed and honored and although I’m not perfect I hope my intent is seen by others.

Conclusions:  Did we need another day on these two verses?  Repetitive from yesterday and personal with no meat.  The questions are the same just with different words and the answer is evident:  Jesus=life.  Adam=sin & death.  Choose.

I do like the reference verses because I’d never be able to find these on my own.  This is one of the changes I’m most grateful for from BSF because you used to have to find these on your own and at the time I didn’t know the Bible at all when I first began.  Albeit time consuming, it’s fun to read all these topics sprinkled throughout the Bible and how God and Jesus touch on the same themes over and over again.

End Notes:  [Notes from yesterday repeated here.]  Verse 18 Paul summarizes.  These verses has both Adam and Jesus known as the two men.  Between them they represent all of humanity and you are either identified with Adam or Jesus.  We are all born under Adam. We are born again when we accept Jesus as our Lord and Savior.

This idea of Adam and Jesus as two representatives of the human race is sometimes called Federal Theology, or Adam and Jesus are sometimes referred to as Federal Heads. This is because under the federal system of government, representatives are chosen and the representative speaks for the people who chose him. Adam speaks for those he represents, and Jesus speaks for His people.

One may object: “But I never chose to have Adam represent me.” Yes, you did–with the very first sin you committed. Hence, Jesus stands apart.

So, once you are old enough, you choose: Adam who brings judgment and condemnation or Jesus who brings grace and justification and thus life.

The important thing to note is not all are given free life.  The gift of life is presented. However, you must choose to receive it (verse 17).  The idea that all men are saved by the work of Jesus whether they know it or not is called universalism.  Paul never propounds this belief.  He clearly states not all will be saved in all his writings.  NIV Bibles take out the word “free” to avoid this confusion.

Verse 19 sums up this entire section:  Since we were made sinners by one man, we can be made righteous by one man!  Praise God!  This is God’s fairness and justice in play.  Paul is about to discuss our change in character (sanctification) in chapters 6-8.

To be clear:  none of us can stand by ourselves.  Remember, we are filthy rags (Isaiah 64:6) in God’s eyes without Jesus.  To choose to do so is death.  I choose life!

BSF Study Questions John Lesson 9, Day 5: John 6:34-40

Summary of passage:  Jesus declares he’s the bread of life and whoever believes in him will never be hungry nor thirsty.  He has come to do God’s will which is to raise up God’s people at the last day in eternal life.


11)  Material.  No because once again Jesus chastises them with “You have seen me but still you do not believe.”

12a)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  That God shall raise up believers at the last day.  Asking God into your heart and receiving the Holy Spirit ensures you’ll be among the last.  (Similar question on Lesson 4 Day 2)

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  With Jesus my every need will be satisfied.  It frees me from fear to do His will even when I don’t understand it.  (Similar question Lesson 4 Day 4)

13)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  Jesus has come to give eternal life (life with the Father) to all who believe.  That is his fulfillment of God’s desire.  As I do His work, I am assured and content. (Similar question Lesson 8 Day 5)

Conclusions:  We’ve had many of these questions before.  Expect more repetitiveness in the weeks ahead.

End Notes:  This is the fourth question Jesus answers from the people in this scene recorded by John.  In some translations it says “always” instead of “from now on.”  The people still want material bread and they want it forever.

This is the first of the “I am” (ego eimi) in the Gospel of John and one of the most important.  There are 7 “I am ” statements (the number of completeness and perfection).  These echo the seven “I am” statements God says in Isaiah.

The bread of life may mean “the bread that is living” or “the bread that gives life”.  Jesus expands on verse 33 here by explaining what he means by the bread of God.  This is repeated in verses 41, 48 & 51.

Come to Christ out of your heart and desire.  That is all that is required to come.  It’s very simple like when someone asks you “to come here.”  That is what Jesus is doing here.

Coming to Jesus begins with God and all who come get God.  To do God’s will.  Mentioned by Jesus before in John 4:34.

This is an invitation to all believers and all in general.  Whoever comes willingly, gets God. Period.

True believers persevere because Christ holds onto them.

Fun Fact:  “The last day” expression is found only in John in the New Testament.  This probably refers to the day of resurrection followed by the day of judgment at the End Times.

BSF Study Questions John Lesson 9, Day 4: John 6:30-33

Summary of passage:  The people ask Jesus for a miraculous sign so they can believe he is the son of God (verse 29).  Jesus says he is the bread of God who comes from heaven to give life to the world.


8 )  The Israelites received manna from God every day for 40 years in the desert for food.  They received it because they grumbled against God for bringing them to a desert with nothing to eat.

9a)  “the bread of God is he who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.”  God.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I live my life for Him now.  Follow His calling.  Obey.  Pray.  Listen.  And love like Jesus.  Try to walk in his ways and shine his light to the world.

10)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  “miraculous”  I haven’t demanded a miraculous sign from Jesus and it’s inappropriate to gossip about others.  That is between that person and God.  (Very similar question from Lesson 3 Day 4 when the people asked for a miraculous sign as well).

Conclusions:  I thought there was a lot here that got lost in the personal questions.  Very simply:  Jesus is our daily bread.  Feast on him!

End Notes:  So these people have just experienced the miracle of the feeding of the 5000.  However, the Jewish leaders have arrived (Matthew 15:1, John 6:41; Mark 7:1) and they want to see another miracle.  The people who got the free food are in it as well for free stuff!

The people brought up manna and Moses in hopes Jesus would do the same thing:  free bread for life!

Jesus corrects them by pointing out that the manna in the wilderness did not come from Moses but from God and that the Father still gives (present tense) the true bead from heaven (life through the Son).

Jesus replies with:  Yes, indeed, God gave you bread.  And here is the True Bread from God–me!  And then you’ll have eternal life.  Let’s move on from the physical to the spiritual.

BSF Study Questions John Lesson 9, Day 2: John 6:22-27

Summary of passage:  The crowd, realizing Jesus and the disciples had departed, followed to Capernaum.  When the found Jesus, asked when he got there.  Jesus answered they are looking for the wrong reasons:  he is the food that endures to internal life.


3)  “Rabbi, when did you get here?”  “I tell you the truth, you are looking for me, no because you saw miraculous signs but because you ate the loaves and had your fill.  Do not work for food that spoils, but for food that endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you.  On him God the Father has placed his seal of approval.”  “I tell you the truth.”

4)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  The people are following Jesus because he fulfills their immediate and physical needs.  They need to know he fulfills their eternal and spiritual needs.  Reverent.

5a)  Work for food that endures to eternal life.  Helping others.  Worshipping God.  Doing God’s work for you here on earth.  Evangelizing.  Do not work for food that spoils.  Work with no purpose.  Work that leads to sin.  Everyday food.  Earthly treasures and power.

b)  God the Father, by the miracles which had been performed by Jesus (water into wine, healing the official’s son and the paralyzed man, feeding the 5000, walking on water), had shown that he had sent him, that he approved his doctrines, and ratified his works.  The miracles were to his doctrine what a seal is to a written instrument.  We learned last year that those who are saved through faith in Jesus receive God’s seal (Revelation 7:2-3; Revelation 13:16-17).  It is God’s mark of approval.

Conclusions:  Thought the personal side of question 4 was out of place.  Not sure how studying the Bible correlates to Jesus telling the people to do heavenly works.  Question 3 was straight copying.  I love how people think they know what to ask Jesus and what’s important in their lives and Jesus just completely ignores them and points out what actually matters:  him and nothing else.  Awesome!

End Notes:  This is the day after the feeding of the 5000 and the walking on water.  This is the same crowd who were there and the same crowd who wanted to crown Jesus as king.  Some people got into boats.  Others had to have walked.

Jesus, again, does not answer their question.  It would have been:  Well, I walked across the Sea of Galilee.  Not exactly something Jesus wants to promote.

Later in this chapter, John tells us that this took place at the synagogue in Capernaum at a Sabbath service (John 6:59). Also, according to Matthew 15, Jewish leaders from Jerusalem came to Capernaum to question Jesus. They were also part of this crowd.

Instead, Jesus tells the people why they themselves came.  This is a lesson to us: ask ourselves why are we asking God for something.

This is classic:  material needs versus spiritual needs.  Which one do we work for?

Jesus uses the title “Son of Man” because it was unknown at the time.  It wasn’t “Messiah” which would convey to the people he was here to conquer Rome.  He wanted to emphasize why he was here:  for their soul not their country.

A seal was a mark of ownership and a guarantee of contents.  God the Father has sealed Jesus for us–by his testimony, his baptism, his miracles.

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 9, Day 5: Revelation 4:9-11

Summary of passage: John sees four living creatures honoring and thanking God and when they do, the 24 elders fall down as well and worship him forever and ever, saying God is worthy of worship as the Creator of all things.


10)  They are falling down before God, laying their crowns at God’s feet, and worshiping Him, giving Him all the glory, because He is the Creator of all things and it is by His will they even exist.  It’s important to note the elders are following the creatures lead.

11)  Part personal question.  My answer:  Worship.  We were created to worship and that’s what we will do non-stop in heaven.  It’s what we should do here.  Everything we do should be worshipful in some way to God.  I will try to be more cognizant of this and ask myself if what I’m doing is worshipful or not.  If not, then I will not do it.

12)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Needs to be more about Him and not me or others around me.  At church it’s easy to look around and see what others are doing.  I need to focus more on God.  Focus more at home on God.  Analyze if what I am doing is worshipful or not.  Strive to put more worship in my daily life.

Conclusions:  Great application to the passage here.  Worship is central to God, who He is, and why we were created.  It can get lost in all of our busy-ness.  God’s will needs to be done on earth.  We each were given a job by God to accomplish here on earth and that needs to be central to our lives.  Discovering it and fulfilling it.  Along the way, we need to acknowledge it’s Him and praise Him for that.  That is our purpose.  Period.

End Notes: Four living creatures full of eyes are cherubim (Ezekiel 1:4-14; 10:20-22). The eyes show their intelligence all their job is to worship the Lord. Satan used to be one of these (Ezekiel 28:14).

The 24 elders are either human or angels. Either way they represent man (12 tribes and 12 apostles–all of Israel and all of the Church) or divisions of the priests (1 Chronicles 24). Most scholars think they are human in glory (the white). Believers will be crowned (1 Corinthians 9:25; 2 Timothy 4:8; 1 Peter 5:4). Saints have white robes (Revelation 6:11, 7:9, 13-14). Thus, man is joint heirs with Christ, sitting on lesser thrones in heaven (Romans 8:17, 2 Timothy 2:12).

We see the Lord WORTHY. The 24 elders all wearing crowns symbolizing their authority lay down their crowns, giving God all authority under heaven.

Can you see it? The living creatures are crying out God’s holiness and in response the 24 elders fall down before God and proclaim His infinite glory and worthiness and power. This scene never stops repeating itself.

In days of old, lesser personages would lay down their crowns at the feet of rulers as a sign of submission. In Roman times, the emperor would then give the crowns back to these lesser rulers most likely ones the Romans had conquered as a symbol that their authority comes from Rome. Same symbolism here.

The crowns are the crowns of victory and rewards for deeds (Greek stephanos) like those given at Olympic games, not royalty. The elders are giving their achievements over to God.

Smyrna was promised a crown of life for faithfulness (Revelation 2:10) and Philadelphia was told to hold onto their crown so no one will take it from them (Revelation 3:11).

Spurgeon points out the 24 elders acted as one and says how we all should be unified in our desire for God.

God is worthy because He is the creator of all things and He allows us to exist. King James Version says “for thy pleasure they are and were created.” We were created to please God and for nothing else. We don’t fulfill our purpose here on Earth until we do.

The elders represent us. God is waiting for us. We each have a crown in heaven and a throne in heaven and a song in heaven and a part in giving God all the glory He deserves.