Summary of passage: John points out Jesus as the Son of God since he saw the Spirit come done and remain on Jesus.
6a) Jesus’ baptism allows the Holy Spirit to live inside of someone and gives them the saving waters of God. John’s baptism is only to cleanse the soul and prepare to receive Jesus. John cleanses. Jesus bestows.
b) Personal Question. My answer: Everything. I walk with Jesus and in his ways–not in mine. I work for him, not me. It’s all about him.
7a) The lamb was a sin offering for the Jesus people, a sacrifice they must make on the altar to atone for their sins. Isaiah says how lambs are led to the slaughter. In calling Jesus the Lamb of God, John the Baptist is saying Jesus is the sacrifice that must be made to atone for their sins. The difference is this is final. No more sacrifices will have to be made.
b) Personal Question. My answer: It’s a vivid image on the meekness of Jesus and the sacrifice he bore for our sins. It makes me more worshipful.
Conclusions: I will probably be saying “everything” a lot this year to personal questions because Jesus is our everything.
End Notes: Here we’ve skipped ahead. Most scholars believe this passage is after John baptized Jesus (since that’s when the Holy Spirit descended on Jesus: Matthew 3:13-17) and after the 40 days of temptation in the wilderness (Matthew 4:1-11; Luke 4:1-13; Mark 1:12-13). Jesus came back to see John the Baptist in his work.
John could have described Jesus as any thing here: the king, the conqueror, the Savior, the mighty, the great, etc. Instead, he chooses the Lamb. How powerful! Jesus as the sacrifice–the whole reason we are saved and how we get to God. Remember that.
Fun Fact: “Lamb of God” is found in the Bible only twice: here and in verse 36.
This whole sentence is perhaps the most concise description of Jesus in the Bible and the most important: “Look, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!”. John sees Jesus first, calls him by his role, and tells us what Jesus does for us.
Note how many times we’ve seen the lamb in the Old Testament: The lamb slain before the foundation of the world, the animal slain in the Garden of Eden to cover Adam and Eve’s nakedness, the lamb provided to Abraham in place of Isaac, the Passover lamb, and the guilt offerings required by God to cleanse Israel of its sins.
Taking away is bearing.
Note it’s sin (singular), not sins (plural). All of humanity’s sin is bore by Jesus.
Jesus was before John like he was before all of us: since the beginning of time. Remember, John the Baptist is older than Jesus so he’s speaking of eternal existence here.
The Greek word for “man” here connotes head of household, Jesus’ superiority over man and women.
Jesus already had the Holy Spirit. It was merely made visible by God to John so he could witness to the people.