BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1: Lesson 10, Day 5: 1 Samuel 17:33-58

Image result for 1 samuel 17

Summary 1 Samuel 17:33-58:

Saul tells David he’s only a boy; he can’t go and fight Goliath. David says he has killed bears and lions in defense of his sheep, and God will deliver him from this Philistine like he delivered him before. Saul dressed David in his armor, but David took off the armor because he wasn’t used to them. All he took was a staff and 5 smooth stones.

Goliath approached David with his shield bearer in front of him. Seeing he was only a boy, he taunted him. David responded by saying he comes against him in the name of the Lord Almighty and he will defeat him in God’s name, showing all gathered that the battle is the Lord’s. They approached each other, and David struck with a stone and hit Goliath between the eyes, felling him.

David cut off Goliath’s head with Goliath’s own sword. The Philistines ran when they saw Goliath fall and the Israelites chased them, cutting them down. The Israelites took their plunder and David took Goliath’s head to Jerusalem and kept Goliath’s weapons.

BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1: Lesson 10, Day 5: 1 Samuel 17:14-23:

13) God protected David as he fought off lions or bear who were coming after his sheep. God also has anointed David and brought him to help Saul with his music. God has been faithful throughout David’s life, so why wouldn’t God be faithful now? David knows he will win cause God will win. It’s encouraging because God always wins and uses people and situations for your good.

14) David knew the Lord would deliver him, so he said so. By not taking any weapons of steel into the battle, David shows his utter reliance on God to use the stones to overcome. David gives God all the credit and knows it is God fighting the battle — he is only the instrument.

15) Personal Question. My answer: Same thing. Step out in faith every day in God’s plan for my life and give Him all the credit.

16)

  • Both David and Jesus represented their people. Whatever happened to the representative also happened to God’s people.
  • Both David and Jesus fought the battle on ground that rightfully belonged to God’s people, ground they had lost.
  • Both David and Jesus fought when their enemy was able to dominate the people of God through fear and intimidation alone.
  • Both David and Jesus were sent to the battleground by their father (1 Samuel 17:17).
  • Both David and Jesus were scorned and rejected by their brethren.
  • Both David and Jesus fought the battle without concern with human strategies or conventional wisdom.
  • Both David and Jesus won the battle but saw that their enemies did not give up willingly.
  • Both David and Jesus fought a battle where victory was assured even before the battle started.

Conclusions: BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1 Lesson 10, Day 5: 1 Samuel 17:33-58:

David’s confidence is what stands out here. He knows God is with him, and he knows God will do it all. He doesn’t let the fact that he’s young stop him. He doesn’t use the armor and weapons provided because he knows he doesn’t need any of that. He knows God will overcome, and he acts on this knowledge. A great lesson for us all!

For a cute, short kids video on David and Goliath, click below

End Notes BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1 Lesson 10, Day 5: 1 Samuel 17:33-58:

God had been preparing David his whole life for this moment. With every defeat of lion and bear, David grew more confident with God. God often calls us to be faithful right where we are and then uses our faithfulness to accomplish greater things. In the midst of our preparation we rarely see how God will use it.

Saul only saw the outside: a small inexperienced boy; he did not see David’s heart of God.

David increases in boldness as the story progresses. First, he said someone should fight Goliath for a righteous cause (1 Samuel 17:2629). Then he said he would fight Goliath (1 Samuel 17:32). Now he says he will kill Goliath.

Image result for 1 samuel 17

Lessons Learned from David’s Confidence with Goliath

  • God often calls us to be faithful right where we are and then uses our faithfulness to accomplish greater things.
  • In the midst of our preparation we rarely see how God will use it.
  • David knew that God’s help in times past is a prophecy of His help in the future.

Saul, still seeing the practical tactics, offers David his armor. Saul’s armor does not fit David physically nor spiritually.

Why 5 Stones to defeat Goliath?

  • David only needed one stone to kill Goliath. Some suggest because Goliath had four relatives who were also giants, whom David and his associates later killed (2 Samuel 21:18-22).
  • Always have a back up plan. God is true, but God does not work always on the first try.

David followed through on his words. He went to battle.

Goliath had to look around to even see David, he was so small compared to Goliath. When Goliath did see David, he was insulted. The Hebrew word for dog (kaleb) is used in passages like Deuteronomy 23:18 for male homosexual prostitutes. Goliath felt that sending David was an insult to his manhood.

God is the only weapon David needs.

David responds, confident God is the only weapon he needs. We can imagine Goliath’s deep, deep, bass voice reverberating against the tall hills surrounding the Valley of Elah. The sound struck fear into the heart of every Israelite soldier, and probably even some of the Philistine soldiers! Then David answered with his teen-age voice, perhaps even with his voice cracking. The Philistines laughed when they heard David practically screaming in his cracking voice and the Israelites were both horrified and embarrassed.

This battle was for the fame and glory of God alone, which David makes sure to emphasize in his every word. He never uses the word “my” or “I”. It is God’s battle, and he stands for all of Israel. This battle will prove to all (including the Israelites) that God is the ruler of all and can give victory without sword or spear.

Image result for 1 samuel 17David runs out to meet Goliath. He doesn’t stop and pray. He doesn’t run. He doesn’t hesitate. God does it all, but we take action as well.

While a shepherd, David talked to God and took a lot of target practice with his sling. Now his communion with the LORD and his skill with the sling are both used by God. Bible scholar Clarke says, “In the use of the sling it requires much practice to hit the mark; but when once this dexterity is acquired, the sling is nearly as fatal as the musket or bow.”

What does David see that no one else sees in Goliath?

  • Everyone else thought, “Goliath is so big, I can’t beat him.” David thought, “Goliath is so big, I can’t miss him.”

Just as the Philistine god Dagon fell on his face before the LORD (1 Samuel 5:2-5), so now the worshipper of Dagon, Goliath, falls on his face.

God loves to use the weapons of  Satan against him (David using Goliath’s sword to cut his head off).

The Philistines agreed to surrender to Israel if their champion lost (1 Samuel 17:9). We should never expect the devil to live up to his promises. But the soldiers of Israel pursued and defeated the Philistines. David’s example gave them great courage and faith in the LORD.

Since it was many years later that Jerusalem was conquered (2 Samuel 5:6-10), this likely means David eventually brought Goliath’s head to Jerusalem. But David will use the sword of Goliath later (1 Samuel 21:9). David had some enduring reminders of God’s great work.

Bible scholars are unsure if Saul recognized David or not.

  • Some think David played behind a screen or a curtain for Saul so Saul never saw his face.
  • Others think because of the distressing spirit, Saul was not entirely in his right mind.
  • We also know David did not spend all his time at the palace but went home to tend sheep (1 Samuel 17:15). It’s possible David’s appearance changed during a time when he was away from Saul, so Saul didn’t immediately recognize him.
Advertisements

BSF Study Questions Romans Lesson 10, Day 5: Romans 6:9-11

Summary of passage:  We are no longer slaves to sin since Christ’s death has freed us from sin.  Since Christ rose from the dead, he lives!  As do we.

Questions:

12)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  Jesus was raised from the dead.  He cannot die again since he defeated death through this act.  He died to sin and its power forever.  He lives now to God.  Sin now no longer has power over us either and we are now alive to God in Christ (righteous and sanctified and justified).

13)  Personal Question.  My answer:  In my home, community, work, and church, my life is the same:  sin’s power is broken.  I live for God.  He rules.  The end.

Conclusions:  There is nothing new here and BSF is obviously out of questions to ask since we just regurgitated yesterday’s lesson.  Now I see how answering only 6 questions has come about:  because of the repetitive nature of these questions!

End Notes: [Pulled from YESTERDAY]

Jesus’s death broke our slavery to sin and death since now we have eternal life.

Our new life is a life we live to God–we live the life God wants not the life we want. Ezekiel predicted this in Ezekiel 36:26:  “I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you; I will remove from you your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh.”

We now want to do God’s will and with practice and perseverance we will overcome!

We are dead to sin but alive in Jesus.

Summation of Romans 6:1-11:  Spirit baptism brings the regenerated person into a redemptive relationship through his participation in and identification with the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ and the subsequent infusion of the merit of that death and resurrection into the life of the believer, by which he may live as one dead to sin but alive to God.

Fun Fact:  The first occurrence in Romans of “in Christ”, which is often found in Paul’s writings.  True believers are “in Christ” because they have died with Christ and have been raised to new life in union with him.

BSF Study Questions John Lesson 10, Day 5: John 6:60-71

Summary of passage:  Many of Jesus’ converts were offended by his bread and blood analogies and abandoned him.  Jesus, of course, knew this would happen because the Father did not draw them to him.  He directly asked the 12 disciples if they want to leave him too.  Simon Peter says no, they believe him, and besides, where else will they go? (Not the best logic here, Peter).  Jesus said he chose them but one of them is from the devil (Simon Iscariot who will betray Jesus).

Questions:

11)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  The flesh (our physical bodies) will rot away.  Only the Spirit remains.

12)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  They were offended by Jesus’ bread and blood analogy and just couldn’t accept it.  Not similar teachings on the truth.  Teachings on the untruth, yes, have offended me and I won’t listen.  I just found a different church that spoke the truth.

13)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  Both agree there is no one else to turn to and God/Jesus is their refuge.  “God is the strength of my heart and my portion forever.”  There is no one else but God.  There is nothing on earth but Him.  I live and breathe for Him alone.

Conclusions:  I love here how Jesus knows everything.  How he knows who’ll reject him, but he never quits.  He faces it head-on.  What an example of power to follow.

End Notes:  Jesus’ words were hard to accept, not understand.  I think most people understand Jesus as the way, the truth, and the life.  But accepting that is what is the stumbling block for most.

Jesus offends and that is ok.  Jesus takes nothing back.  He keeps telling the Truth.  It will offend some.  Some, however, will see the light.  That is who Jesus is fighting for here.

Here was probably were many of his groupies realized the free stuff was going to end.  Following Jesus was much, much more.  Much more difficult and challenging and sacrificing.  Some preferred the easy life.  They are the ones who abandoned him.  Can you imagine?

Jesus says better to be offended now than when he ascends in glory to the judgement throne!

Jesus repeatedly emphasizes it’s the Spirit, not the flesh, that matters.

“From this time” could mean “because of this”

Scholars believe only the 12 were left standing.  Hence, Jesus asked them if they would leave as well.  This must have been excruciatingly painful for Jesus to see so many lost souls reject him.  Many would return.  But the point had to be made:  I’m not here to increase your wealth or ease in life.  I’m here for your souls!

Jesus asks the question with the answer “no” expected.

Peter speaks for the 12 here.  He calls Jesus “Lord”.  He recognizes there are no alternatives.  He realizes it’s about the spirit and eternal life.  He calls Jesus the Messiah or Holy One of God.

Jesus chose the 12 disciples (remember, he called them).  Devil is better translated as slanderer or false accuser.

There are Judases even today amongst God’s people who are in church undetected.  We must always be wary and never let anyone (nor them) cause us to stray from God’s path for our lives.

It’s bad when Jesus Christ, the Savior of the world, calls you a “devil”.  Judas is a prime example of a man who let one sin lead to other, bigger sins–a trap all of us can get caught in.  If you take your sins to Jesus, he will forgive.  Don’t let shame and remorse overcloud you and lead to despair.  Nothing is too big for Jesus.

Judas was from Karioth, as we learn from all four gospels.  All call him Iscariot, which means ‘a man of Karioth’, which was a city in the southern part of Judah (Joshua 15:25), south of Hebron in the dry Negeb.  Map HERE

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 10, Day 5: Revelation 5:11-14

Summary of passage:  Angels encircled the throne and the living creatures and angels and sang.  Then every creature in heaven and earth and in the sea sang and the elders fell down and worshipped.

Questions:

11a)  Part personal question.  My answer:  Power, wealth, wisdom, strength, honor, glory, and praise.  He is worthy because he died for our sins and thereby justified us for God.  It means everything to me.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Worship includes unrestrained singing and praising and shows me I need to be more vocal in my worship as well.

12a)  Angels and every creature in heaven and earth and in the sea.  Because Jesus is the Savior who paid the penalty for man’s sins.  He is the Creator as the Triune God.  All should praise him for they would not exist without Him.

b)  Genesis says God created man in his own image and gave him the power to rule over all creatures on land and in the sea.  Psalms reminds us that God created everything and knows everything and all belongs to Him.  In essence, as the Creator of the Universe, all is His and He rules over all and He can snuff us out if He so desired.

Who But God Could Create Such Marvels?
Who But God Could Create Such Marvels?

13a)  He heard every creature in heaven and on earth and in the sea singing praises to Jesus and God, honoring and glorifying them forever.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Christians worship Him, honor Him, and give Him the glory.  Animals exist–do what God gave them the ability to do.  Man cares for the animals as God has ordered him too.  As God is in control of non-Christians as well, they respond to His will unknowingly and therefore we see more of God’s creations cared for and this in turn inadvertently praises and honors God.

Conclusions:  Too many personal questions that were repetitive.  11a is the same as 6b in this Lesson and essentially 8c.  We looked at worship in Lesson 9 Day 5 similarly to 11b.

End Notes:  In Revelation 5:9-10, only the elders are singing the song of the redeemed because as far as we know angels are not redeemed.  Here, it is the angels turn to praise Jesus because of his ability to redeem (1 Peter 1:12 and Ephesians 3:10).

The number of angels is infinite.

The ancient Greek word for worship entails complete submission.  Being in a time of kings, people were accustomed to bowing down before the one who rules over them.  Here, the elders fall down and completely submit to their ruler, the One, True God.

Fun Fact:  Revelation 5:9, 12 appears in Handel’s Messiah Part 3.

Conclusions to Lesson 10:  In chapter 5, we see God and Jesus in heaven on the throne being worshipped and praised for all they have done and created.  We see Jesus as the Lamb given the power and authority over the rest of history.  Emphasis on worthiness and worship and the main reason we do worship God and Jesus–because they did create the universe.  Without life, we can’t do anything.  Everything we are is His.

Here we will take another break from Revelation and go to Joel and 2 Peter before we return to Revelation Chapter 6 where Jesus will open the seals of the scroll, which will usher in the Day of the Lord.  These are still events which will be in the future.  Joel and Peter prophesized this event and thus we will study what they said before we study what John says.  The number 7 will dominate the rest of the book of Revelation and our study.

Great outline HERE

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 10, Day 5: Exodus 30-31

Summary of passages:  Exodus 30:  God is still instructing Moses here on Mount Sinai.  Here, God tells Moses how to build the altar of incense to be placed before the ark.  Incense is to be burned on this altar every morning and night.  Once a year atonement is to be made on its horns (Jews still honor this Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur).  At the census, each person must pay the Lord atonement money.  A basin is to be made for Aaron to wash himself in every time he enters the Tent of Meeting or approaches the altar.  Make an anointing oil to anoint the Tent of Meeting, the Ark, table, altar, and Aaron so they can be consecrated as holy to the Lord.  Make incense to be placed in front of the Testimony in the Tent of Meeting.

Exodus 31:  God told Moses He has gifted Bezalel and Oholiab with the Spirit of God and the skill in order to make all that God has commanded Moses to make (the Tent of Meeting, the ark of Testimony with the atonement cover, table, lampstand, altar of incense, etc).

God told Moses to observe the Sabbaths which will be a sign between you and me for all the generations to come that He has made them holy.  Anyone who desecrates it must be put to death.  Anyone who does work on that day must be cut off from their people and put to death.

When God finished speaking, He gave Moses the tablets of stone inscribed by the finger of God with the Testimony on it (Ten Commandments) on the top of Mount Sinai.

Questions:

9a)  The prayers of the saints

b)  Every morning and every night

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  We should pray every morning and every night.  We pray because we are saved, out of gratitude and longing for closeness to Jesus.  It should be worshipful.

10a)  Whenever they enter the Tent of Meeting and when they approach the altar to minister by presenting an offering to God.

b)  We can use God’s word to cleanse and purify us and confess our sins to be purified.

11a)  They would die.

b)  The misuse of anointing oil or incense required one to be cut off from their people (spiritual death).

c)  Because it would be holy and only holy people may be near God.  It is sacred to God and thus must be honored.  Also, it’s a matter of obedience as well.  There are severe penalties for disobeying God and if you didn’t follow His instructions, the penalty was death.  Same for us today except our death is hell.

12a)  The Spirit of God, skill, ability, and knowledge in all kinds of crafts–everything they will need to make everything God has commanded to exact specifications.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  There are many ways to serve God and He will enable all of us to use our gifts for Him.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Volunteer more.

Conclusions:  Another doozy of a lesson for us.  Break this up if needs be.  The importance of being sacred and sacred objects is emphasized here and how much that means to God.  God must love us a lot to make us forever sacred.  I was hoping for questions on the Sabbath but good emphasis on how each of us are blessed by God with special gifts designed to use for Him. Gives me hope as I am still struggling to figure out what His plans are for my gifts and talents.

End Notes:  Exodus 30:  The altar was also carried with poles just like the Ark of the Covenant.  It was in the holy place (not the Most Holy Place) close to the Ark but separated by a curtain.  It was in the same room as the table and the lampstand (Exodus 25).  The altar of incense was for prayer, not for atonement of sins.

Only God could order a census, which signified Israel as His people.  Hence, when David ordered one (2 Samuel 24:1-25), he was in trouble and God plagued the people as penalty.

All are equally atoned in God’s eyes when the atonement money is the same for everyone.  This turned into the Temple Tax by New Testament times and was used for the tabernacle expenses and building.

Exodus 31:  God gives us gifts for Him, not for our selfish desires.

Note how at the very end God gives the command to keep the Sabbath holy.  God gives the work first, then the rest–as we are to honor today.

Despite the fact the New Covenant eliminated this command (Romans 14:5; Colossians 2:16-17), the principle still applies to us.  We are to work and rest–to recover and rejuvenate–to be at our best for God and to remember it is His work we do and not ours.

The Stone tablets were to be placed in the Ark–later added Aaron’s staff and manna.

Fun Fact:  Here’s where our saying comes from “written in stone.”

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 10, Day 5: Matthew 9:27-34

Summary of passage:  As Jesus left Jairus’ house, two blind men followed him and begged for mercy and for healing.  Jesus asked them if they had faith in him and they said yes.  They were healed and asked not to spread the news but they did.  Then a demon-possessed, mute man was brought to Jesus.  He drove out the demon and re-gained his speaking ability.  All were amazed except the Pharisees who called Jesus “the prince of demons.”

Questions:

12a)  Lord and Son of David

b) Isaiah 35:4-6:  Isaiah predicts the eyes of the blind will be opened with the redeemer (God will come) and the mute tongue will shout for joy.  So the two blind men could now see and the demon-possessed man could now talk and all presumably shouted for joy at Jesus’ arrival.

Jeremiah 23:5-6:  A righteous branch of David will rule wisely and do what is right and just in the land and save Judah and Israel.  His name will be “The Lord our Righteousness.”  The men call Jesus “Son of David” and Jesus does what is right and just and brings righteousness in the land.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  For things to be clear and for me to know in my heart what is right and for my husband to know it as well.

13a)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I think Jesus would rather be known for his spiritual healing of the heart and saving of sins rather than his physical healings of the eyes and tongue.  Also, Jesus knows the opposition will only grow against him as more and more people believe in him.  He has to finish his job and it could be hindered by notoriety.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  They were so excited they couldn’t contain themselves so they had to tell all.  Plus, the Jews had been looking for the Messiah for hundreds of years now and when he appeared it was the moment they had waited for their entire lives.

Imagine how you would feel if you just re-gained your sight?  Wouldn’t you tell all?  That doesn’t justify the men’s disobedience but it would be hard to keep such a miracle to yourself.

14a)  They were both healed by faith (faith of the blind men themselves and presumably faith of the people who brought the demon-possessed man to Jesus).  The healings sparked awe and fear amongst the people.  It turned the Pharisees more and more against Jesus.  Jesus healed out of compassion for both and mercy for both.  The blind men asked for it and the demon-possessed man could not but Jesus healed mercifully as well.

b)  In amazement and fear.  Some thought him the Messiah and others thought him the devil.

c)  Same.  Fear and amazement.  My response is awe.

d)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I know Jesus can do anything and if he can heal others, he can heal me and allow me to fulfill his purpose here on earth.  “I can do everything through him who gives me strength.” Philippians 4:13  And I can testify to others about what He has done in my life and be a living testimony to His goodness.

Conclusions:  My favorite part was the part BSF did not ask about:  the fact that here we learn Jesus needs help.  There are so many people to heal and touch that Jesus cannot be in 1000 places at once so he needs helpers.  I like this part because we are called as well to spread the Good News.  God doesn’t need us to help Him but He gives us that responsibility anyways for our own good.  Love it!

We also see the growing opposition against him which will only grow as we more forward with Jesus’ life.

Fun Fact:  This is the first time Jesus himself is called the “Son of David”, overtly referring to him as the Messiah.

BSF Study Questions Genesis Lesson 10, Day 5: Romans 4:13-25; Galatians 3:6-9, 16, 29; Hebrews 11:8-19

Summary of passages:  Romans 4:13-25:  Abraham received God’s promise by faith, not by works or by following the law (which didn’t exist or hadn’t been given in Abram’s time).  For if you follow the law, then why would you need faith?

God’s promises are by faith in Him and by His grace to all who believe not just to those who follow the law.  Through hope and faith Abraham believed God when God said he would be a father of nations even though he and Sarah were almost 100 years old and were close to death.

Abraham was strengthened in his faith and gave God the glory when he had a son.  It was through his faith Abraham was righteous and it is the same for all believers who believe Jesus died for our sins and was raised from the dead for our justification.

We must remember Paul is writing explaining the Christian faith and just got done in Romans 3, saying we are righteous only because of faith in Jesus and nothing else.

Galatians 3:6-9, 16, 29:  Abraham believed God and was thus righteous.  Therefore, those who believe are children of Abraham and are blessed along with him.  The Scriptures say that God justifies the Gentiles though faith as evidenced when God said he would bless all nations through Abraham.

God’s promises apply to all if you belong to Christ.

Hebrews 11:8-19:  Abraham when called obeyed by faith to go to the promised land and make his home there for he was looking forward to the city with foundations (heaven).  Abraham became a father by faith and had descendants as numerous as the stars.

All of these people when they died were living by faith for they did not receive the promises in their lifetime on earth.  They were strangers in this land for their home was in heaven.

Abraham offered his only son Isaac as a sacrifice to God for he had faith that God could and would bring him back from the dead.

Questions:

9)  Personal Question.  My answer:  It all comes down to faith in God, who He is, what He says, and what He does. We have nothing to worry about if we have God.

10)  Genesis 12:3:  God says “…all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.”  Galatians tells us that all who believe are children of Abraham and are thus righteous and blessed as God blessed all through Abraham.

11a)  Personal Question.  My answer:  He had unquestioning faith.  He never questioned.  God spoke; Abraham obeyed.  Even when it was scary, uncertain, or painful (like called to sacrifice your only son).  He believed in God’s promises.

b)  Genesis 21:12:  God says, “…it is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.”  The ultimate blessing is our forgiveness of our sins and salvation through Jesus Christ, a descendant of Isaac and Abraham.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  God’s promises have been the same since the Fall.  That He would provide us an eternal home with him.  He would cleanse us of our sins and redeem us.  He would provide the way.  And not only for God’s chosen people, the Israelites, but also for the Gentiles.  All through faith.

Conclusions:  Definitely dreaded this lesson after yesterday’s, especially when I noted nothing from Genesis (or the Old Testament) in the reading AND Hebrews 11 AGAIN!

Interesting how often the Bible does repeat itself or the same idea (like in these passages about Abraham’s faith) just in different ways.  Guess we have to drill it into our heads to get it!

This lesson brought to mind the study of Isaiah where the importance of Israel and the Gentiles was prominent.  Here, I first learned the significance of both and the difference.

Summary of today:  God’s promises are for ALL.  Which includes salvation.