Jesus tells the disciples more about his impending death after they arrive back in Galilee. He tells them he will be betrayed, killed, and then he will be raised on the third day. His disciples are filled with grief at this news.
Jesus arrives in Capernaum. He is questioned if he has paid the temple tax. Peter (of all people) is asked if Jesus paid the temple tax. He replies yes. When Jesus sees him again, he asks Peter who does the kings collect their taxes from? Peter answers from others. Jesus says he (the Son) is exempt from paying the temple tax, but he tells Peter to go and catch a fish, open its mouth, and there he will find four-drachma coins to pay the tax so as to not offend anyone.
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 5: Matthew 17:22-27
13a) That he would die.
b) They grieved. Jesus’s death should be a cause of joy for all.
c) I’ve grieved most of my moves to other locations, mainly because I did not want to move in the first place. Yet, there was a plan in all things, even in death.
14) Sometimes it’s best to not rock the boat and go along with what is asked of you.
15) So many. Every day, my needs are met. I’m encouraged in my job and my life
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 5: Matthew 17:22-27
I don’t remember the temple tax story, so I liked that best of all. Sometimes you just have to do the right thing. Period.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 5: Matthew 17:22-27
Jesus usually paired his death with the hope his resurrection brought. The disciples were so grieved that they couldn’t comprehend the meaning of Jesus’s death until much later.
The temple tax is a tax every Jewish man paid. Jesus was not obligated to pay the tax since he was a priest (the Most High Priest in fact).
Jesus did not want to rock the boat, so he paid it. Plus, he wanted to set a good example for others. It’ good to think about and serve others, rather than ourselves.
Jesus used this tax to once again explain his deity to his disciples.
Obviously, the very fish that Peter caught that had money in its mouth would be a miracle from God.
Trying to catch one fish was something Peter, a fisherman, never did in that day. Instead, fishermen used nets to catch a lot of fish, so he was probably baffled by Jesus’s instructions. Still, you obey. I mean, it’s Jesus.
Jesus paid the price for all of us, as he does here for Peter in this example. Cool, isn’t it? It’s like Jesus never gives away an opportunity to foreshadow his true purpose on earth.
A man approached Jesus and asked him to heal his son who often has seizures and falls into fires or water. The disciples could not heal him. Jesus rebuked the demon, which left the boy and healed the boy. Jesus rebuked his disciples for being unbelieving.
The disciples later asked Jesus why they couldn’t heal the boy (even though earlier they had been granted healing powers). Jesus told them it was because they had so little faith. All they need is faith as small as a mustard seed, and nothing will be impossible.
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 4: Matthew 17:14-21
9a) The boy’s father knelt before Jesus, showing he respected who he was. He called Jesus “Lord” and asked for mercy first.
b) Jesus told them it was because they had so little faith. All they need is faith as small as a mustard seed, and nothing will be impossible. Mark 9:28-29 says the demon would come out only by prayer and fasting.
10a) All you need is faith as small as a mustard seed, and nothing will be impossible.
b) It inspires me to have more faith that things I want and desire in this world is possible if I have faith — even just little faith.
11) The little faith is you just don’t believe enough. Small faith is you believe with the right heart, and it will grow. Our faith depends on what kind of faith, not how much we have.
12a) Everything. My move. My desire to live in a new place. For God to make that happen one way or another
b) Have more faith that God will move.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 4: Matthew 17:14-21
Great lesson on faith. It’s encouraging that it’s simple and we overcomplicate it.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 4: Matthew 17:14-21
This demon worked by causing seizures in the boy. We learn the severity of this demon in Mark 9:14-29 where the boy was made deaf and dumb. The boy was “moonstruck” according to translations of the verb used.
The disciples were given the authority to cast out demons (Matthew 10:8), but this one they could not cast out. There are ranks of demonic powers as we learn in (Ephesians 6:12), and this one was particularly stubborn.
Jesus is a bit frustrated here with the faith of his disciples. Each day brings Jesus closer to his death, so he is probably feeling the pressure now to ensure his disciples are prepared for when he is gone.
Note Jesus easily defeats this demon. He is King.
The question here is: what is your faith in?
Prayer and fasting show you are earnest in your faith and belief.
Peter, James, and John fell down to the ground when they heard God speak, afraid. Jesus came and touched them. He told them to not be afraid. When they looked up again, everyone was gone except Jesus. Jesus told them to tell no one about his Transfiguration until he has been risen from the dead.
The disciples were confused again, so they asked Jesus why Elijah must come first. Jesus explained that Elijah has already come, but no one recognized him (meaning Elijah was in the work of John the Baptist).
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 3: Matthew 17:6-13
7a) Peter, James, and John fell down to the ground when they heard God speak, afraid.
b) Jesus came and touched them. He told them to not be afraid. He comforted them, cares about them, and understands their fear.
c) I think when I learned that not everyone went to heaven as a kid. I realized it was His will, and not mine. Also, when I learned as an adult the true meaning of Romans 1:20. We are responsible for our eternal salvation, not God. I still walk in his ways and understand a bit more every day.
8a) Malachi predicted Elijah (identified as John the Baptist by Jesus in this passage) would precede Jesus. Luke 1:17 says how John the Bapist will turn the hearts of the fathers to their children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous — to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.
b) John the Baptist told everyone to repent and turn to the Lord. Yet, he too was persecuted, imprisoned, and then killed.
c) Jesus uses the present tense. “Elijah comes and will restore all things.”
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 3: Matthew 17:6-13
What a moment! I wonder how I’d react if God appeared in a cloud to me? Everyone in the Bible is afraid. I wonder if I would be, too.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 3: Matthew 17:6-13
Note it was when God spoke that the disciples fell on their faces. They were cool with seeing Jesus transfigure, two dead guys alive, and God appear in a cloud, but the second God spoke, they were afraid.
The Transfiguration is yet another confirmation of Jesus’s divinity that the disciples needed. Mankind constantly needs to be reassured.
It is significant and fitting that only Jesus remains. This is truth for all of us. Jesus is there always; others may come and go from our lives, but not Jesus.
Not many would believe the Transfiguration story, so Jesus did not want more people doubting him.
Now the disciples were confused since clearly Jesus came before Elijah since he had just appeared. First, Malachi was most likely referring to the Second Coming when Jesus would come a final time. Second, as Jesus explains, Elijah had come already in the work of John the Baptist who ministered in the spirit and power of him. (Luke 1:17).
Jesus went up a mountain with Peter, James, and John. Jesus was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as light. Moses and Elijah appeared and spoke with Jesus. Peter offers to build three shelters for them — one for each of them. Then, a bright cloud enveloped all of them and God spoke, saying, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased. Listen to him!”
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 2: Matthew 17:1-5
3a) They saw Jesus’s face that shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as light. Moses and Elijah appeared and spoke with Jesus.
b) Peter says he was an eyewitness of his majesty. He received honor and glory from God when God spoke at the Transfiguration.
4) Both Moses and Elijah were dead, so this shows God’s power to raise the dead. This shows how Jesus fulfills the Old Testament prophecy, and it’s where Jesus can shine his glory, too.
5) Peter offers to build three shelters for them — one for each of them. This is a culture where hospitality rules, so Peter probably thought Moses and Elijah might stay awhile and would need a comfortable place to sit and talk.
6a) This moment was not about meeting earthly needs, like shelter, but instead was about shining God’s glory on and through Jesus. God did not want Peter to distract anyone or taper the message at all.
b) Listen to Jesus’s calling on my life.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 2: Matthew 17:1-5
I wonder why Jesus chose only these three disciples to go with him. This would be something I wouldn’t want to miss!
Love this book with this lesson! God calls us to listen to Jesus; Jesus listens to us!
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 18, Day 2: Matthew 17:1-5
The Transfiguration takes place approximately three years into Jesus’s three and a half years of ministry. It is about one week after Jesus first tells his disciples he will be killed. The whole point is to reinforce to these three disciples who he really is. Transfiguration comes from the Latin “trans,” which means across and “figura,” which means shape or form. Thus, a change in shape.
Why did Jesus only take these three disciples? No one knows, as we are not told. Some say Jesus only took three because he wanted the Transfiguration to remain a secret (Matthew 17:9). Others say he only needed a few witnesses.
No one knows which mountain the Transfiguration took place on. There are guesses:
Jesus was transformed both inside and outside. Many Bible scholars point out that the real miracle was that Jesus appeared an ordinary man for so long and hid his glory from all. The disciples see Jesus’s true glory.
Moses and Elijah
Moses was the first great lawgiver, and Elijah was the first great prophet. In addition, Moses had been dead 1400 years and Elijah 900 years.
Here, we have the law (Moses) and the prophets (Elijah) represent the Old Testament at this moment. They appeared in order to show the two institutions that Jesus had come to fulfill.
They spoke of the cross. How cool!
The Greek word for departure is “exodos,” where we get Exodus from. Thus, Jesus delivers as he departs. Cool!
Peter (of course) is the one to speak. The problem is he didn’t know what he was saying (Mark 9:6 and Luke 9:33 His words put Jesus at an equal level as Moses and Elijah — not good.
God appears in a cloud to save Peter from himself essentially. This is the same cloud of Glory God appears in in the Old Testament known as shekinah. As you know, no one can see God’s face and live, so this is fitting since the disciples are there.
Here, we clearly see Jesus above all else and everyone else.
In Matthew 16, Jesus talks about the Church for the very first time.
The English word “church” is derived from a Greek adjective, kyriakos, which means “the Lord’s” or “belonging to the Lord.” The Church was officially born on the day of Pentecost in Acts. Jesus, however, prophesies about the Church here.
The Church is not a physical building; the Church is every person who has ever believed in Christ as God’s Son and Savior of humanity. Christ is the head of the Church, and we are called to meet together, to support one another, and to help each other in our earthly journey of following Christ and doing his will over ours.
Thus, some people in a church building are not Christians.
We are made for community, and when you embrace community and one another, the burden you bear, as a Christian, will be a lot less.
Find your “Church.” There, you will find love, support, acceptance, and help at every turn.
I’ve made a lot of Bible resource and Bible study tool recommendations throughout the semester so far. I thought I’d bring them all together at the end of the first semester of BSF Matthew study. Check them out if you missed them! Merry Christmas!
*As an Amazon associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.
Jesus begins to prepare his disciples for his death, telling them he must go to Jerusalem, suffer, die, and rise again. Peter rebuked Jesus for saying this. Jesus, in turn, rebuked Peter, calling him Satan and a stumbling block, as well as saying he does not have the things of God in mind but only the things of men.
Jesus tells his disciples that whoever comes after him must deny himself and take up his cross and follow him. This way, they will save their life by losing it. His soul will be saved. Jesus will return in his Father’s glory with angels and reward those according to what they have done. Some will not die before the Second Coming
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 17, Day 5: Matthew 16:21-28
Must go to Jerusalem
Must suffer many things at the hands of the elders, chief priests, and teachers of the law
Must be killed
Must rise on the third day
13a) Peter rebuked Jesus for saying this, and he tells him it won’t happen.
b) Jesus’s word is to taken as truth always and not questioned or denied.
c) This is how our faith is. One minute, we’re solid; the next, liquid and drying up quick. Life’s circumstances mainly cause this.
14a) Whoever comes after him must deny himself and take up his cross and follow him. This way, they will save their life by losing it. His soul will be saved.
b) We are expected to not give up anything to gain eternal salvation.
c) Good question. Maybe where I want to live. My job. Those types of things.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 17, Day 5: Matthew 16:21-28
Great words of wisdom from Jesus. I can understand Peter’s feelings, but he still has a lot to learn when he rebukes Jesus.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 17, Day 5: Matthew 16:21-28
Now that the disciples know who Jesus is, it’s time to reveal his entire mission, which is the salvation of the world as predicted by Isaiah (Isaiah 53:3-12).
Fun Fact: This is the first time Christ mentions he will die on the cross to his disciples.
The Sanhedrin consists of the elsters, chief priests, and the scribes.
One moment Peter is divinely inspired by God; the next, he is a messenger of Satan. Jesus would not allow himself to be swayed from his mission. Peter had his eyes on the things of men at this moment rather than the things of heaven.
Peter’s words were rejecting God’s eternal plan for humanity.
“Deny Himself and Take Up His Cross and Follow Me”
Jesus tells his disciples they must die to themselves to follow him. This was a cheery thought.
When we deny ourselves, we surrender to Christ and obey his will, not ours. We live with others in mind. We accept rejection by others and a harder life.
In essence, you will never live until you walk to your death with Jesus. It’s paradoxical and an antithesis to what we would think, but it’s the only way to eternal life.
When you surrender to Jesus, you discover true contentment in your life.
Why gain the world to lose it? Satan couldn’t sway Jesus to do this (Luke 4:5-8)
Jesus may have been speaking of his resurrection, Pentecost, the fall of Jerusalem in 70 AD, or his Second Coming when saying some would not see death.
Jesus blesses Simon, saying God revealed to him who he was. He names him Peter, which means rock, and he will build his church that Hades (hell) cannot overcome. Jesus will give Peter the keys to the kingdom of heaven and whatever he binds on earth will be bound in heaven and whatever he loosed on earth will be loosed in heaven. He told his disciples not to tell anyone he was the Christ.
BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 17, Day 4: Matthew 16:17-20
9) Jesus blesses Simon, saying God revealed to him who he was.
10a) Jesus will be the rock (the foundation) of the church.
b) He will build his church that Hades (hell) cannot overcome. Whatever he binds on earth will be bound in heaven and whatever he loosed on earth will be loosed in heaven, meaning whoever believes he is the Son of God will be free from sin; those who don’t will be bound forever.
11a) The Gospel frees those from Old Testament laws.
b) In every way (such a broad question with so many answers). Freedom allows me to follow Christ’s path for me.
Conclusion BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 17, Day 4: Matthew 16:17-20
My answers are short here. See more explanation in the End Notes.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 17, Day 4: Matthew 16:17-20
God divinely inspired Peter when he spoke, saying who Jesus was.
Jesus renamed Peter the rock, and he would become a rock for the disciples after Jesus’s death.
“This rock” is Jesus. The church will be built upon Jesus, although some Bible scholars say the rock here is Peter or even the confession itself.
Fun Fact: This is the first use of the word ‘church’ in the Bible. Fitting it is spoken by Jesus.
Jesus was prophesizing the founding of the church.
The Greek word for church, ekklesia, meant group. Thus, the church is a group.
Note Jesus says “my church.” We belong to him.
Hell will not penetrate the church, meaning God’s people will overcome sin, death, and Satan.
Peter the Disciple
Jesus will give Peter the keys to the kingdom of heaven. This is why Peter is usually depicted in art with keys. This symbolizes Jesus giving Peter the authority to unlock the Gospel to the world.
This passage is a basis for many images of Peter. There is no doubt that Peter was special. Some think he stands at the gates of heaven, letting people in or blocking their entrance.
He is always listed first when the disciples are listed in the Bible.
Binding and loosing is an idea during that time that pertained to the law. To be bound was to be prohibited and be put under the law. To loose was to permit and be free from the law. Here, Jesus gives Peter and the disciples the power to define the New Covenant church and set the rules.
Sinners would be set free from sin and death (loosed). Those who refuse to believe are bound in sin.
Jesus set the rules for the disciples, which explains them taking the grains in the fields (Matthew 12:1-8).
Peter and the disciples would set the New Covenant, including dietary rules. Still, Jesus was not ready for all to know he was the Christ (probably because the disciples were not ready and he needed more training time).