Summary of passage: A Lamb (Jesus) who had been slain stands near the throne surrounded by the living creatures and elders. He had 7 horns and 7 eyes for the 7 Spirits of God. Jesus takes the scroll from God and the elders and creatures fall down in worship and prayers and song. Jesus made people into a kingdom and priests to serve God and reign on earth.
b) Part personal Question. My answer: Jesus was slain to pay the penalty for our sins so we can be justified before God and have eternal life. It means everything to me.
7a) Jesus is standing in the midst of the throne, central, for all to see. He is not literally standing on the throne. He is next to it and all are encircling him. God was giving Jesus all power and all authority.
b) Completeness or perfection. Seven eyes represent omniscience and seven horns represent omnipotence. Throughout the Bible eyes represent knowledge and wisdom and horns represent power. So having 7 of them means Jesus here has perfect knowledge and complete power. Seven spirits is fully God and fully Jesus as the Holy Spirit. All in one as the Triune God. 7 Spirits of God (Rev 1:4).
7 Spirits as fully God could also refer to all the characteristics of God (Isaiah 11; 2 Peter 1:5-7).
Conclusions: You may have noticed my go-to answer is “everything” (Lesson 5 Day 4). I have given up trying to put into words what Jesus’s sacrifice on the cross means to me. The depth, the impact, the consequences are indescribable. The grace, the mercy, the sanctification, eternal life. The English language (and all languages) cannot encompass this meaning.
Great lesson to a great passage. Every word here has meaning. How amazing this vision would have been! Anyone else want to be a modern-day John?
End Notes: “I saw”. We see these words repeated over and over again by John. It’s a reminder to us that he is reporting exactly what was revealed to him without embellishing any facts or details.
The word John used in Greek for lamb means “little lamb”. This is the first of 29 times this word is used in Revelation, but it is only used 1 elsewhere in the New Testament (John 21:15). The Lamb is living but has sacrificial marks on him. Except for Revelation 13:11, all refer to Jesus as the Lamb. Lamb seems to be a preference John had to refer to Jesus.
The Lamb is seen in Scripture as “standing” (Acts 7:56, 5:31) as here or “sitting” (Mark 16:19).
In verse 5, the elder announces a Lion and a Lamb shows up? John was surprised. Most people think of Lions as ferocious and kings but a Lamb in humble, gentle, and full of trust and love–exactly the qualities God wants to exhibit.
The language has Jesus as just being slain. Before God, Jesus has always just been slain, his sacrifice for you and me fresh and new, a continual sacrifice for each new generation. In the Greek, there is no doubt. The Lamb was slain. For Jews, the lamb was a sacrificial animal. They would have immediately grasped the impact these analogies contain.
The horn is an ancient Jewish symbol for power and strength so 7 horns is complete or absolute strength. The fourth beast we read in Daniel (Daniel 7:7, 20) had 10 horns.
Seven eyes of the Lord: Zechariah 4:10 and 3:9. See everything completely indicates absolute sovereignty.
Right hand was the dominate hand in Scripture and represents power. Here, God is giving Jesus His power.
This is the only time we see the court fall down before Jesus.
The harp is really a zithern or kind of guitar. This passage gave rise to the idea of angels in heaven with harps as seen in world-famous paintings. Worship is accompanied by music like when we worship in church.
The golden bowls of incense are prayers of the saints the elders are merely holding NOT prayers for the saints or by the saints or to the saints. We get the picture of the worth God has for the prayers of the saints. We’ll revisit these prayers in Revelation 8:3.
“Saints” in Greek means “holy ones.” Used 13 times in Revelation (Rev 5:8, 8:3, 4; 11:18; 13:7, 10; 14:12; 16:6; 17:6; 18:20, 24; 19:8; 20:9), this is John’s term of choice to designate those who belong to Jesus Christ throughout the ages.
New song meaning good or pleasing. Song about man’s redemption.
We are kings and priests thanks be to our belief in Jesus. He sanctified us and elevated us.
Chapter 6 of Revelation begins judgment by the Lamb.
Fun Historical Fact: Roman emperors were proclaimed in Latin vere dignus, meaning “You are worthy.” Only God is worthy.